We Fired the Martini-Henry | Rifle of the Zulu War

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History Hit

History Hit

Gün önce

We met up with Jonathan Ferguson, Keeper of Firearms & Artillery at the Royal Armouries Museum in Leeds, to learn about a weapon that was made famous by the Boer and Zulu Wars: the Martini-Henry rifle.
During the 1860s, several European armies began to equip their troops with modern breech-loading rifles, leaving behind the now-outdated muzzle-loading musket. By the turn of the decade the British had adopted a breech-loading single-shot lever-action rifle - the Martini-Henry, named after Friedrich von Martini, a Swiss engineer and Alexander Henry, a Scottish gunsmith.
Produced at the Royal Small Arms Manufactory at Enfield, the Martini-Henry Rifle became the standard issue weapon for the British army from 1871 until 1889 and was used in campaigns across the British Empire, in Afghanistan, the far east, Sudan and South Africa.
The speed of innovation during the mid-19th Century was truly staggering. Within a few decades of the Napoleonic Wars, the British army’s standard issue weapon had evolved from a heavy, smoothbore Brown Bess musket to a deadly rifle equipped with a new breech-loading, ignition and rifling system.
The Martini-Henry rifle is still perhaps best known for being the weapon used by British redcoats during the Zulu Wars in southern Africa, made famous by the film ‘Zulu’ starring Sir Michael Caine, and in the Anglo-Boer War - both costly campaigns for the British.
During the latter conflict, the iconic rifle was actually outclassed by the Mauser Bolt-Action Rifle supplied in admittedly limited numbers to the Boers by the German Empire. Concerned with the superior performance of the Mauser, which, combined with guerrilla tactics, was inflicting heavy casualties, the British sought ways to improve the Martini Henry - leading to all sorts of innovations, some more successful than others...
In this video filmed at the Royal Armouries Museum in Leeds, History Hit presenters Luke Tomes and Louee Dessent are given a crash course in the history and development of arguably the most iconic British Empire rifle by firearms expert Jonathan Ferguson before testing out just how effective the rifle was in the hands of novices.
Later, Jonathan Ferguson would be firing the Martini-Henry rifle at simulated flesh and bone, to assess the deadliness of the weapon and the damage it would have inflicted on the battlefield.
Check out our other firearms challenges below:
Arquebus, Brown Bess Musket and Lee Enfield Rifle - • We Fired Weapons From ...
Wild West Weapons - • We Fired the Real Guns...
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#historyhit #jonathanferguson #britishempire #zuluwar
00:00 Introduction
00:39 History of the Martini-Henry
03:10 Pattern 1853 Enfield
05:42 Snider-Enfield Breech Loading Rifle
07:11 Martini-Henry Mark I
09:52 Martini-Henry Modifications
13:44 Martini-Henry Bayonet
15:47 Firing Martini-Henry
20:20 Simulated Flesh and Bone Test
24:14 More Firearms Videos!

@HistoryHit 10 aylar önce
Hope you enjoyed! Lots of you guys asked for this rifle in a previous video, and Jonathan was more than happy to tell us about its fascinating history! 💥 Check out our other firearms challenges here... Guns of the Old West: trshow.info/watch/9XMhug5JTiY/video.html Firing guns from the 1500s, 1700s & 1900s: trshow.info/watch/TL6rKRYPQEY/video.html
@geraintthatcher3076 10 aylar önce
What were the Boer Rifles used at Majuba against the Martini Henry ?
@amashinga 10 aylar önce
Love the video, hate the completely unmatched dubstep background
@derekp2674 10 aylar önce
I certainly did. It was great to see you getting the chance to fire those historic rifles at the Leeds museum. In the 1970s, started my smallbore target shooting career with a BSA 12/15, which is a Martini actioned .22 rimfire rifle. Both BSA and Vickers produced such rifles for many years, but today I think all serious modern smallbore target rifles use bolt actions. I suspect that the use of Martini actions for British made smallbore target rifles was kicked off by the military uses of the Martini Henry. Butt there may also have been technical reasons why Martini actions would have been preferred over contemporary bolt actions, at least until the 1950s or thereabouts.
@CMillz884 10 aylar önce
@@geraintthatcher3076 Westley Richards, breech loader
@flouisbailey 10 aylar önce
My request to fire all of them at same time?
@SitInTheShayd 10 aylar önce
Gotta love good old Jonathan Furgeson. Keeper of Firearms and Artillery at the Royal Armouries in Leeds (in case you didn't know) he's gotten fairly famous in his position lately and I'm happy for him
@ryv2484 10 aylar önce
I want his job
@VikingTeddy 10 aylar önce
Found him through Ian, and he's now one of my favorite tubers. He's got a very pleasant voice, often puts me to sleep when I'm watching in bed.
@Thisandthat8908 10 aylar önce
Fun fact: He's registerd this as his actual full name now.
@martinmadsen7955 10 aylar önce
I thought it was Dr. Who
@VikingTeddy 10 aylar önce
@@martinmadsen7955 How do you know he isn't?
@DataWaveTaGo 10 aylar önce
I fired my father's Martini-Henry at a hundred yard range in the early 1960s. What struck me most was that the bullet's turbulence as it cleft the air towards the target was distinctly visible. It looked like a minature vortex of clear water swirling down the drain of a sink.
@mirandahotspring4019 10 aylar önce
You can see that for all bullets, in the military one way for the spotter to see here the shots are going is called, "Observation of swirl" swirl being of course the observable vortex the bullet makes.
@johnhudak3829 10 aylar önce
Yeah I had the same experience when I fired a 71/84 Mauser rifle. It's 11mm black powder and it was about like sending tennis balls downrange!!
@crispinmunns6636 10 aylar önce
Saw the same thing when doing competition shooting with full bore rifles (7.62x51). On a 1000m range if you stood behind a shooter you could watch the swirl with the naked eye for 2-3 seconds as it tracked up and down onto the target. If you were spotting for someone you got an even better view through the scope.
@Halcyon1861 10 aylar önce
@@mirandahotspring4019 You can't see that in all bullets. So if I fire the standard .308 at the magical 1000 yard target everyone has to shoot at, what range does the bullet usually go subsonic? Around 900 yards. Will you see a bullet wake through a spotting scope at 900 yards? No its subsonic. If you fire a .45 pistol at 800 feet per second will you see a wake? Nope
@richarddobb6959 10 aylar önce
@@mirandahotspring4019 p
@Rsmall103 10 aylar önce
What a professional, ensures the rifle is cleared every time, even with a single shot.
@michaelb1761 10 aylar önce
Yes, I noticed how they both closed the breech before handing the rifle back to him, and he immediately opened it, as it should be.
@BA-zy2kb 10 aylar önce
@@michaelb1761 theyd still be doing push-ups if I was the RSO.
@sleeplessindefatigable6385 10 aylar önce
Was going to comment about that. That's some real professionalism there.
@andrewgates8158 10 aylar önce
And gets an upper torso hit in bf1 with the Martini Henry.
@IVANGROZNEY 10 aylar önce
Baldwin could have used one of those.
@danbrown7420 10 aylar önce
I love how Jonathon seemed almost bored and indifferent while the guys were actually firing, but then absolutely came to life while describing the damage it would do to the human body 😅
@didierdenice7456 10 aylar önce
yeah... I myself felt quite aroused to see three gay guys together in one video ! 🥹
@Hoaxe72 10 aylar önce
@reasoningbrute903 9 aylar önce
''Johnathon'' 💀💀
@Nick-rs5if 6 aylar önce
@@Hoaxe72 While I can't speak for him, I do believe that he was referring to the olden time word for Glad, which happens to be Gay. Old songs like When Johnny Comes Marching Home for example contains Gay under this context. Then again, I can't speak for him.
@Hoaxe72 6 aylar önce
@@Nick-rs5if I am aware of the older context of “gay” but in that context he used and the modern day meaning I think it’s unlikely
@elxaime 10 aylar önce
"Do you know what makes a good soldier? Not many do." "The ability to fire 24 rounds a minute in any weather."
@christibor8821 10 aylar önce
Now that’s soldiering
@timonsolus 10 aylar önce
Or 2 rounds with a Brown Bess…
@gwtpictgwtpict4214 10 aylar önce
@@timonsolus I think you'll find it's three rounds a minute, in any weather.
@timonsolus 10 aylar önce
@@gwtpictgwtpict4214 : Good luck with firing a Brown Bess in the rain!
@residentelect 10 aylar önce
@@gwtpictgwtpict4214 "Bite! Pour! Spit! Tap!" (Guitar riff intensifies...)
@Bulletguy07 10 aylar önce
I've been to the Royal Armouries and they have an incredible collection of guns through the ages. The guy that showed us around surprised us when someone asked which was his favourite gun in the collection and he opened a tray full of Luger pistols. There were several more trays all full of Lugers but then he pointed to one and said "this one". He saw that we were puzzled at his choice so he explained why. It's the first Luger built.
@ecr-9341 10 aylar önce
Did they have one of the only two .45ACP’s ever built?
@Bulletguy07 10 aylar önce
@@ecr-9341 I dont know except the story behind it is it got handed into them by police who had been asked by an elderly lady to dispose of it after it had spent years amidst junk stored in her attic.
@ecr-9341 10 aylar önce
@@Bulletguy07 : Sounds about like the lady in Connecticut (one of the US’s most god-forsaken states) who showed up at a police station with an STG-44 that her long departed husband left in a closet. Fortunately, an honest Police officer who recognized what she had, took hold of the situation, and while thanking her for the ‘turn in’ (god help Americans wanting to turn-in guns), demanded to help her get it legally sold for what it was truly worth.
@tacfoley4443 6 aylar önce
@@ecr-9341 Five.
@DaveDexterMusic 4 aylar önce
@@ecr-9341 the statistically insignificant number of americans turning in rare and valuable firearms should in no way stymy the act of turning-in generally
@jamesnoonan7450 10 aylar önce
The terrifying thing is that some of the zulu warriors at Rorkes Drift were likely at a similar range to where Jonathan was shooting from. The martini-henry is a scary weapon, and I have nothing but respect for the Zulu warriors who charged head long at its barrel !
@eduwino151 10 aylar önce
visited south Africa a while back and zulus had old stories of how a shot from that rifle could take out up to 5 guys , volley fires from that thing was devastating, Boers also used to decimate zulu hoardes from their wagon largers
@jamesnoonan7450 10 aylar önce
@Edu Wino wow really it's truly scary what a brutal a scary gun it is
@eduwino151 10 aylar önce
​@@jamesnoonan7450 Zulus called it the red thunder a single volley fire from 50 red coats could kill or badly injure over a hundred guys, seeing 100 of your warriors dropped instantly mid charge is enough to sap the fight out of any group
@driftydegree5624 10 aylar önce
@DarthAxolotl 10 aylar önce
Closer than that, it's said that the zulus were struggling to climb the wall around rorkes drift because of the stacked bodies. They were running into melee against over a hundred of these.
@tballstaedt7807 10 aylar önce
As far as rifles of the breech loading era, the Martini Henry was very reliable relatively powerful and very accurate.
@michaelpielorz9283 10 aylar önce
reliable until that moment when it rips ofthe iron base of the cartridge,not much fun in the middle of the battle.
@tballstaedt7807 10 aylar önce
@@michaelpielorz9283 ejection problems are the Achilles heel of every firearm that fires a metallic case, even modern ones.
@Nooziterp1 10 aylar önce
@@michaelpielorz9283 Especially with the early brass foil cartridges. Add heat from sustained firing (added to the heat of colonial Africa) and soldiers were left with a rifle with a cartridge stuck in the breech with no way of removing it apart from ramming a cleaning rod down the barrel. In other words a useless rifle. Which is why they later moved to rolled brass cartridges more like modern ones. The added strength meant they had much less tendency to lose their rims. It still happened but with far less frequency.
@453421abcdefg12345 10 aylar önce
@@michaelpielorz9283 The iron base cartridges were only used at the very beginning of the MH service life, but clearing a case head with your clearing rod,(attached for the purpose), was no more of a problem than using a muzzle loader, when brass cases were developed the problem went away.
@453421abcdefg12345 10 aylar önce
@@Nooziterp1 Later brass cases were drawn brass, not rolled, and to clear a stuck cartridge case head took seconds using the attached clearing rod, still much faster than a muzzle loader.
@FyremaelGlittersparkle 10 aylar önce
Every time I see Jonathan Ferguson in a video, I know I’m about to learn something and have a good time doing it. He even looks like one of my oldest friends which just makes it better.
@EricJMillan 10 aylar önce
I appreciated them bringing out the Snider-Enfield as the first breach loader in the British Armed forces. As a member of the Fort Henry Guard, I did precision drill with the Snider-Enfields and as a squad we became very proficient in their use. Worth looking at our simulated battle tactics to get feel for the fire rate. We would have firing competitions and it was easy to get 7-8 aimed shots off per minute after only a few months of practice. The biggest issue was overheating of the barrels and having to do rifle exercises afterwards.
@tacfoley4443 10 aylar önce
The Snider WAS the first breech-loader, not the M-H. We've watched your team performing a number of times over the years, and been very impressed.
@hansjoacher152 10 aylar önce
Honestly wonder how it's like to be able to perform those fort henry drills, how long it takes
@EricJMillan 10 aylar önce
@@hansjoacher152 We were all university students so a typical season would be May-August. First year guard members would be marching in shows by July (usually in the rear ranks). The typical week would have the Squad practicing drill 3 days a week (while the Drums subunit led tours and programming) and vice versa. Performance day was always hectic and lots of fun. Individual drill could be learned decently well in about 4 weeks (not perfect, but honestly, decent enough to participate in something like the trooping of the colours). Precise squad maneuvers were always the hard part. Some of the complex wheels and "on the leading man" maneuvers were always tough and took weeks to learn.
@gaptaxi 10 aylar önce
7 0r 8 rounds? As an Army Cadet of 15 years old we had to fire 10 rounds of .303 inch using the SMLE Lee Enfield rifle, and hit the target in 30 seconds, I managed 9 rounds before the whistle blew to stop firing. Dead chuffed and we fired the rifle regularly for two weeks, this was in 1972 and I joined Junior RAC in 1973 over 50 years ago. I fired it first at 11 years old, it blew me back off the butts in Altcar.
@coneypylon 10 aylar önce
@@gaptaxi You had a magazine, they did not.
@tsoliot5913 10 aylar önce
Absolutely thrilled to see more Jonathan Ferguson, Keeper of Firearms and Artillery at the Royal Armouries Museum in Leeds!
@cmillerdvm1 10 aylar önce
As someone who has repaired damage from gunshot wounds I can confirm chasing bullet fragments is not a priority unless they are in a critical place such as near the spinal cord. I chuckle when I see Old West surgery in the movies when everyone is relieved when a bullet is extracted. Actually, removing a major fragment would usually result in worsening hemorrhage because you’ve disturbed early blood clots by mucking around in a fresh wound.
@musheopeaus4125 10 aylar önce
Yeah okay . I’m a medic and all the frags and main must be removed usually. Else nonhealing tales place around a foreign body
@affectionatepunch 10 aylar önce
My dad was shot in the stomach when he was in Burma during ww2 i still have the bullet in a box lead fragments were left in his body and once or twice this was picked up during routine x rays for other ailments they were never an issue with him sadly it was heavy smoking that finished him
@cmillerdvm1 10 aylar önce
@@musheopeaus4125 You stop the bleeding and get them to me. I’ll do the surgery. The patient will be better off that way.
@92656trw 10 aylar önce
I bet you’re super fun at parties. Actually
@wes326 10 aylar önce
I have a 6mmx3mm piece of a .243 jacket in my face from shooting a steel target. It was too close to a nerve to remove and hasn't been a problem for the last 44 years.
@adrianleader784 10 aylar önce
When I was an Air Cadet, I fired the Martini-Henry Rifle that had been re-bored to fire a .22. Only the barrel was changed, everything else was original. Great fun. The best rifle for me was the 7.62 SLR I fired back in 1968. Lovely weapon.
@Eric-vs2he 10 aylar önce
Wait isn't the martini center-fire? How does it shoot the .22?
@ats-3693 10 aylar önce
The Martini Cadet rifle was made by BSA they aren't rebored Martini-Henry rifles, they were made to look like a miniature version of the Martini-Henry but have a totally different mechanism.
@adrianleader784 10 aylar önce
@@ats-3693 Sorry to contradict you but the rifle I fired as a cadet was identical to the original except for the barrel. The breach was the same because when a .22 round was but into the breach we had to lift it into the base of the barrel, just closing the breach would have caused a jam so we had to lift it over the lip.
@residentelect 10 aylar önce
@@adrianleader784 The SLR was a fantastic piece of kit. I had the pleasure of using several at Catterick with the ATC, back in the late 80s. Did you also use the L81A1? That was also a fine weapon to get you accustomed to handling and shooting long guns.
@joelhebert4559 10 aylar önce
For years Ithaca sold a little single shot .22 rifle that looked like a western lever action repeater, but was just a Martini action .
@SirKaldar 16 gün önce
I believe that's the first time I've seen Jonathan firing something and he's just as professional with that as he is with presenting the history of the pieces.
@christophertipton2318 10 aylar önce
I own a Martini-Henry Mk IV made in 1889. I also have a sword-bayonet for it made by Wilkinson Sword in 1886. I have fired a grand total of three shots from it. As the presenters said, quite a recoil. I bought it from a collector who had a Mk I that he was able to track by serial number to the 1st Bn, South Wales-Borderers. He can't get it closer than the battalion, but it was a good chance that rifle was in the Zulu War circa 1879.
@tomjackson4374 10 aylar önce
Where did you get the ammunition?
@christophertipton2318 10 aylar önce
@@tomjackson4374 From the collector I bought the rifle from. This was back in the late 1980s. Cost me $5.00/round.
@453421abcdefg12345 10 aylar önce
@@tomjackson4374 It is very easy to get, you just make it, 50 rounds cost no more than the black powder and primer.
@gregj831 10 aylar önce
That gun is powerful.
@animalblundetto8440 10 aylar önce
I love how the UK basically bans kitchen knives and yet Jonathan Ferguson has access to every firearm ever made
@d.b.k.1133 5 gün önce
I saw something similar on a single barrel break shotgun. Only then the loading mechanism was in the form of a pipe. A very interesting solution and extension of the functionality of something so simple
@paulbradford8240 10 aylar önce
That was interesting. I owned one of these in the early 70's. It was given to me by my Dad after my parents divorced. I found it up in the attic after he had gone. I called him and he gave it to me. He had been a keen collector of ex-military weapons, predominately pistols, but he also had a Lee Enfield from WW2. We used to go shooting at Purfleet ranges in the 1960's. I remember firing a Walther P38, which I quite liked due to the shape of the grip. He also had a Mauser C96 with the wooden holster/stock.
@h.s6352 10 aylar önce
This was great and it's always a delight to see Jonathan on this website. I can't believe out of all the people who talk about firearms on TRshow, he ended up being the first one to go into some really nice detail and well-put explanation about the forensics of gunshot wounds. Bravo!
@jeffjames3111 10 aylar önce
I was lucky enough to fire this beautiful rifle in New Zealand of all places. I have fired many different types of rifles, some pistols, some SMGs and a few MGs over the years. What surprised me is how civilised a rifle it is to fire, it isn't a percussive recoil, more like a gentle push - with a lovely puff of smoke. Impressively large shells too :D
@chrisworthen1538 10 aylar önce
The push is indicative of most black powder firearms.
@brunosmith6925 10 aylar önce
I was a film extra at "Zulu Dawn" and had the experience of firing (blanks) during the filming of the main battle scene... While not a great fan of guns myself, I could see why this weapon did such damage to the brave Zulus back in 1879.
@Hoaxe72 10 aylar önce
That is pretty cool
@allangibson8494 10 aylar önce
The Zulus had Martini Henry rifles to shoot back - they lacked the training of the British however. The Zulus wiped out the British regiment at Isandlwana and collected all their rifles and the ammunition in the supply train. The company at Rorkes Drift differed in having a supply of ammunition to hand - in spite of being outnumbered 40 to 1.
@timmo491 5 aylar önce
They'd have been braver if they'd been attacking a force more than 1/25th their size!
@Phansikhongolza 3 aylar önce
Bruno Smith. I remember it been filmed. Was about 1978/79. I was in Form 3 or 4 at Alexandra High. Loads of my older friends and family members were drafted in as extras for the scenes shot in Maritzburg.
@dragonfusilier9173 10 aylar önce
Looking at the Lee Metford (Successor to Martini Henry) could be a good way to explore rifling. It was a good rifle (now bolt action), but the rifling and the change to smokeless powder (cordite) necessitated a change. That change came in the form of a change to Enfield rifling, making the Lee Enfield Mk.I.
@hogsnplanes 9 aylar önce
The P-53 rifled musket muzzle loader was converted to the breach loading Snider Enfield, later purposely made in the MK3 as a stop gap until the Martini Henry was developed. Might want to do a video on that very important rifle in British military history.
@fin-ed6oj Aylar önce
So much respect to everyone at Rorke's Drift, to be on the receiving end of a Martini Henry round looks horrific. Also, respect to the Brits for managing to fire so many rounds in one night. Many of the survivors at Rorke's Drift were reported to have broken shoulders from firing hundreds of rounds
@skildude 10 aylar önce
Excellent video. It could be used to demonstrate weapon safety. Never point a weapon at something you don't intend to kill, Weapon pointed down range at all times, Never walk in front of the barrel ever, and most importantly clearing the breach. Well done guys
@peterkoning21 10 aylar önce
At school cadets we had weekly firing of these Martini Henrys but chambered for .22 rounds. So we knew the rifle quite well.
@johnjephcote7636 10 aylar önce
I used them at ATC too. (PS The only intelligent guy was the one on the right with the weapon!).
@bronoun8884 10 aylar önce
You lucky bugger . Weekly? Mind you our CO and hugely eccentric CO2 were champs . Had some great adventures but got to shoot pretty much just at weekend camps ( crow) and anular camps lol
@awmperry 10 aylar önce
That must have been in the very early days of the ATC - I’ve never heard of a Martini-Henry in .22LR, just the No 8 rifle that was brought in in 1947.
@awmperry 10 aylar önce
Have done some Googling. The Greener conversions?
@stealthysaucepan2016 10 aylar önce
@stringpicker5468 10 aylar önce
My dad used a Martini-Henry back in the mid 1920s as a hunting rifle. He said it had an almighty kick. He was a seriously great shot with a Lee-Enfield. The Mauser 1898 pattern is still used to day on hunting rifles. I have a Mauser 98 based Parker-Hale from the 60s a very precise accurate robust action with high pressure. Not fast to load though.
@Official-Zulu 10 aylar önce
Such an amazing rifle! 🙌
@theaveragecube_ 10 aylar önce
Fancy seeing you here.. 😃
@Official-Zulu 10 aylar önce
@@theaveragecube_ if it’s Zulu we’re there! ❤️
@mikehenthorn1778 12 gün önce
nice video , it is great to see these old firearms in action. i also noted he checked each arm as it was handed back to him even though he knew how much ammo was on the range and what they shot. great to see the safety rules followed no matter what.
@Harkness197 9 aylar önce
Jonathan is an absolute legend!
@CMillz884 10 aylar önce
Can you imagine going to war with a single shot rifle, terrifying. Brilliant upload from the boys again, so enjoyable to watch
@texasred7806 10 aylar önce
If you're coming up against spears you'd probably feel pretty powerful to be fair Edit: armed with anything war is a terrifying experience I'm sure.
@mats7492 10 aylar önce
At that time, this was FAR better than what your opponent had so…..
@alexwilliamson1486 10 aylar önce
The Martini Henry could do terrible damage with the large round? If properly deployed it could do the job?
@Emanmonster13 10 aylar önce
I recently purchased a captured Martini Henry used by the Taliban in 2011, what a nightmare it would be to go into modern warfare with a single shot rifle.
@janvesely6353 10 aylar önce
I guess I can at the period it was introduced, Martini-Henry can be reloaded pretty fast by trained shooter, it's simple, reliable and one should realize it's a generation that came after percussion muzzle loaders, not counting needle guns. Repeaters were only emerging, initially being either less reliable, low powered or both, so it took a while for them to be largely adopted by militaries.
@cozmcwillie7897 10 aylar önce
I believe that one of the worst problems with the Martini-Henry was that the black powder used at the time caused excesive fouling in the rifling, eventually leading to complete failure -cleaning not always being possible in lengthy firefights.
@andywhite40 10 aylar önce
Nice video about a proper piece of history!! My dad has got a still firing Martini Henry and having fired the weapon I can say you certainly know when you've pulled the trigger!! It's probably the favourite rifle in his collection and there's some weird and wonderful things in that collection!!
@mikeygilmour4635 10 aylar önce
I've actually had the privilege of firing one of these in the original .577/450 Martini Henry cartridge, well, blanks anyway. At the time I had no idea of their rarity. I also fired a Snider Enfield trapdoor carbine. Very smokey but so much fun.
@electroninja8768 9 aylar önce
Great video, it is cool to see how many different attempts were made during the evolution of the rifle's design. See, British civilians can operate firearms without being compelled to be criminals.
@johnfish837 10 aylar önce
A very good shot by Jonathan Ferguson! You can feel the level of skill this man has.
@murphymmc 10 aylar önce
Jonathan showed great patience with guys who were pretty much intimidated by the rifle. A lesson in sight alignment and trigger press would help a bit with the pistol range accuracy. Good to see the lads getting to have some fun. I suspect the Spencer carbine could have been a game changer had they made a deal for them. Then there's the Henry lever action in .45 Colt, later in .45-70. British military's reticence to depart from tradition cost them much.
@johnbryant5338 10 aylar önce
Repeated with the sa80. 🤦‍♂️
@ronalddavis 10 aylar önce
there was no henry lever action .45 colt or 45/70 . the henry used a weaker .44 rimfire cartridge
@ronalddavis 10 aylar önce
the spencer used a 56-50 cartridges loaded in the butt of the rifle and was loaded with the loading lever but required a seperate cocking of the hammer
@michaelpage7691 10 aylar önce
Just started watching this show. Thoroughly enjoying the history lessons. I’ve fired black powder rifles and pistols. The only thing about them was the cleaning after, due to the build up of residue. 😁👍🏻🇦🇺
@piobmhor8529 6 aylar önce
When I was in high school in the 1970s, I had a friend whose dad owned one. One summer, his dad ordered a box of ammo that took a while to come in. I got to shoot it once with them. The recoil was pretty brutal for the 16 year old me, but what really impressed me was the smoke from the black powder. It was one of those hot summer days with no wind, so the smoke just hung in the air. I must say that acrid sulphur smoke was almost pleasant. I was quite thankful for having experienced a bit of history.
@jeffreyottinger3165 10 aylar önce
As a American owning many firearms an a good marksman. I have to say this rifle has been on a dream list of mine. You need to know how lucky you are to have seen an fired one. Not to mention the none existing ammo.
@sirridesalot6652 10 aylar önce
The lever action mechanism of a Martini is quite strong. Many Martini Henry actions were later mated with smaller caliber barrels and made most excellent target rifles.
@geoffpatch8255 9 aylar önce
I had one of these conversions chambered for the very hot .225 Winchester round. Probably the most accurate rifle I've ever owned. I once headshot a rabbit with it at a measured 400 paces.
@nathanielwowchuk6880 9 aylar önce
I have a martini in 303. Apparently, my grandpa cut someone's driveway, and the guy gave it to him. Unfortunately, at some point a fudd soldered a ring to the receiver to act as a ghost sight and also ground the rear sight attachment point off. It was an old modification because the patina on those grinds matches the rest of the gun which is pretty cool to me in a way. Neat guns though
@hunterarmstrong4451 9 aylar önce
This video does more than just show a weapon from history. It shows proper etiquette. How to be safe when handling. Beautiful work
@brozelmotorsports4234 10 aylar önce
Love when my favorite history buff boys do these firearm colabs. Great job guys.
@billythedog-309 10 aylar önce
One of whom can't pronounce lieutenant.
@thesundayshooter7763 10 aylar önce
@@billythedog-309 French word, French pronunciation ツ
@billythedog-309 10 aylar önce
@@thesundayshooter7763 29% of English vocabulary are French and most have been anglicised, but you pronounce all of them like a French native, don't you. Eh?
@thesundayshooter7763 10 aylar önce
@@billythedog-309 Not quite a matter of anglicisation, is it? Every other occasion, you pronounce lieu _loo_ *AFAIA*
@billythedog-309 10 aylar önce
@@thesundayshooter7763 Nobody in Britain pronounces lieu as loo - it would usually be pronounced as in beauty. ln the case of lieutenant that is just another anomaly of how English developed.
@robjames4491 10 aylar önce
I have fired the Martini with full power black powder loads as well as many other heavy calibre nitro rifles here in Africa. If you don't want bruises to your shoulder keep your upper arm parallel with the ground, the "red coat" in the title picture of the video has it more or less right. Glad to see everyone seems to me putting their thumbs on the chequered recess on the receiver where it belongs, if you put your thumb over the wrist of the stock on a Martini you are likely to get a painful blow to the chops!
@TheCrunchbird 6 aylar önce
If you have an interest in owning an original Martini-Henry from the Zulu war period, I have one here in Florida, USA that I bought forty years ago. Reply to my comment here if you have an interest. I also have ammo for it but it is likely forbidden to ship it from the US to Africa.
@russbarker2727 6 aylar önce
Another great video guys. I remember as a 15-year-old, when I was in the Air Cadets at my school, we went on the Oxford University firing range, We were equipped with .22 Martinis I think. Well, it was 40 odd years ago! We all thought we were in the film Zulu!
@tileux 10 aylar önce
I had a martini-henry as a kid. I used to use it in competition shooting. Great rifle but the big problem always was that the ejector would quite often launch red hot brass up into the air and straight down the left sleeve of my shooting jacket (im right handed), which is not helpful when youre prone in a competition shoot.
@WilliamMooreHCFS 10 aylar önce
Super video. I have two of these rifles, but only one in firing condition. It is a tremendous piece of history to experience.
@grumpyoldman1618 3 aylar önce
It's a pity it was not mentioned that the Martini action was used in .22 target shooting up to about 30 years ago. It was a beautiful action
@Bogie3855 10 aylar önce
Not sure why but I LOVE falling blocks and in particular the Martini Henry. I have had several over the years and currently have a Martini Cadet that was converted to rimfire about 75yrs ago. It is by far my most accurate 22 and is a delight to shoot.
@jasonjohnrichards8172 10 aylar önce
I never fails to amaze me on how surprised and shocked these young lads are when they first fire a weapon ! Are we now that guarded from the realities of life and "practicalities " I know they are nice guys and very polite etc and it's a great show , and as a range master myself , I see it everyday. More common nowadays ! It's a shame that we sre slowly becoming so woke unfortunately! Still when the war really starts we grown males will become very popular!!
@astondriver 10 aylar önce
The shorter 303 calibre Enfield carbine is on the trolley but not discussed, introduced for horse based cavalry, it was quick to fire and easy to handle on horseback but less accurate at longer range due to the shorter barrel. Also note the snapshot of ZULU, in the movie Long Lee's were used to substitute Martini's which were rarer at the time, and some bastardisation of bayonets used alongside for the purpose of having enough firearms.
@paulparslow4045 10 aylar önce
Glad you mentioned Zulu, that still shown here had me freeze framing to try to figure out the upper action on the standing men's weapons - you've likely answered my questions.
@allangibson8494 10 aylar önce
The reason they went to shorter barrels was because they found absolutely no difference in range. The longer barrels were because the British used three ranks on the front line with single shot rifles and the muzzle had to be in front of the front rank for safety. The universal short rifle was adopted when that practice was abandoned as a bad idea after the Boer War - because firing in ranks just gave the Boers a bigger target to shoot from behind cover - one bullet, three wounded or dead from 500 yards range.
@astondriver 9 aylar önce
@@allangibson8494 noted, I'm just quoting the literature in the national army museum, Waiourou which I recall said they were less effective and accurate due to the shorter barrel.
@allangibson8494 9 aylar önce
@@astondriver The Lee Metford rifles with the long barrel were actually less accurate than the Lee Enfield with the shorter barrel with smokeless powder. Horses for courses. There were four different barrel lengths trialed and the SMLE was the best compromise as it achieved full combustion of the smokeless powder load where the longer pattern was over expanded. Carbine length Lee Enfield’s on smokeless powder had significant flash and lower muzzle velocities - which didn’t matter much in jungle warfare however (hence the No 5 and No 6 Jungle Carbines). Metford used polygonal rifling to cope with black powder fouling but it wore out rapidly under the greater heat and pressure of smokeless powder. The conventional land and groove rifling of the Lee Enfield proved better long term.
@jonathanstrong4812 6 aylar önce
There was a similar single shot rifle that the 7TH Cav they had a single shot like the Martini-Henry It would be the Springfield single shot that General Custer and his 264 men had which to would get and the constant firing would heat it up and make them useless like Custer the men that would be firing continuously and they would pack up and that then of June 25 1876 and what happened in South Africa in January 1879 happened three years earlier
@josephfeeley3476 10 aylar önce
I love it!!!!! I want to own one, to put in my antique collection!!! Good post young men!!!
@davidblyth5495 10 aylar önce
I had a deactivated Martini-Henri which I I bought from the SANDF when the weapons were disposed of. Certainly an iconic rifle. It was probably used during the 2nd Anglo-Boer war. I also had a deactivated Enfield rifle which had inspection stamps from the time of that war
@beachboy0505 6 aylar önce
A great video 📹 Excellent practical history.
@ukmediawarrior 10 aylar önce
The rate of fire at Rorkes Drift was so high the barrels of the rifles got to hot to hold. The soldiers wrapped rags around their hands or the rifle barrels so they could continue to use them.
@realbroggo 10 aylar önce
Heat is an issue even for relatively modern weapons. My uncle was an M60 machine gunner in Vietnam and has told me about the need to control heat to avoid warping the barrel and facing the risk of either misfiring or worst case breach explosion. They use to pour oil, water and anything else on the barrel to help with cooling. Some gunners were even issued with an asbestos glove. Have a great day.
@ukmediawarrior 10 aylar önce
@@realbroggo You ever seen 'We were soldiers' with Mel Gibson? There's a scene in there where the mortar team has stopped firing and Gibson, as Colonel Moore, asks them why. They explain the tubes are to hot to fire, a mortar shell could go off in the tube, so he has them piss over the tubes to cool them down. According to the book the movie was based on that actually happened :)
@realbroggo 10 aylar önce
@@ukmediawarrior Yep! I've heard similar stories. As they say - sometimes you gotta do what you gotta do.
@fredford7642 10 aylar önce
Very good video! I have shot the Martini rifle for 50+ years, most of it has been in 45-70 for ease and cost of reloading. 577-450 brass is very expensive. With good sights, and carefully loaded ammo, you can consistently hit a 16" target at 600 yards. That is lethal! Modern day loaded ammunition is much more accurate than typical ammunition of the 1800's Another thing to consider, a 577-450 round will easily penetrate 4-5 victims, that is very harmful to a contingent of soldiers lined in battle formation.
@jmrichards5910 10 aylar önce
A great history lesson on the progress from the 1748 Long Land Pattern onward. Questions for my M-H experts: Bullet weight? Muzzle velocity? How many rounds could a competent infantryman get downrange in a mad minute? Still black powder correct?
@The_OneManCrowd 9 aylar önce
My older brother bought one of the later models of the Henry online about 13-14 years ago. It was never issued in Africa but to Gurkhas in British India. It was in OK shape so he put a decent amount of work into it to get it safe to shoot again. He lives in Nevada so we took it out to the desert to shoot it when I was there about two years after he got it. It's got a nice kick and is pretty smoky compared with modern rounds, of course, and it is loud AF and has a nice recoil when you shoot it lol. After putting 40 or so rounds through it started to foul due to the powder build-up so we put it away and went on with our real shoot. All in all it was fun to shoot, accurate as all get-up and we had a fun time with it. Highly recommend it if you can get one for a fair price.
@yonniboy1 10 aylar önce
Great video lads, I had the artillery carbine Martini-Enfield .303 in the late 1970s and of all the .303s I've fired (including the mk V jungle carbine) it had by far the biggest kick.
@thatsbollox 9 aylar önce
When he fixed that extraordinary bayonet to the MH it somehow seemed complete. One of the more devastating single shot weapons of the era, and by all accounts very reliable in the hands of a skilled soldier. Terrific mechanism....as he said, just use a bit of authority with the lever. Luv a stick with a kick. Wonderful video cheers.
@koraybiber652 6 aylar önce
That's a famous rifle in Turkish folklore and military history which name's "Aynalı Martin". We reaped tens of thousands Russian soldier in Pleven field in 1877 thanks to this rifle. It has an extraordinary long range by the period of 19th century.
@danwallach8826 4 aylar önce
Thanks for saying it fired a .45 caliber round. I was wondering about that. I cannot imagine the horror of Rorke's Drift.
@fancyultrafresh3264 6 aylar önce
Not to overshadow the presenters but man do I love Jonathan and his presentations. Legend.
@grahamrock3942 10 aylar önce
Sirs...WELL DOCUMENTED, within our extended Family. My Great Grandfather, John William Fielding V.C. stood and fought at the Rorke's Drift Battle...John was deployed within the Hospital with Private Hook, reportedly with 10 Rounds of shot each, the rest is History. The Bayonet was literally the only means of defence against the extremely fearless ZULU Warriers, when in close quarters...it is not confirmed that John and the survivors of "The Drift" actually fought at the final Battle of ULUNDI, Lt. John Chard was certainly in this final Battle. It was documented that the Martini-Henry Rifles generated so much heat in certain cases the Bayonets could not be removed from the Barrel..you may wish to comment on this anomaly. Sirs...I had the privilege of shaking hands with the former Zulu King GOODWILL ZWELITHINI back in July 2019 at a Pageant held at Brecon Barracks on the 21st, a great Nation, truly wonderful to be part of my Family History, on my late Mother's side. The Fielding name follows on through many Cousins, and a Wetherspoon Public House in the Town of CWM BRAN...."THE JOHN FIELDING"....Stay safe...G.A.R.
@TheCrunchbird 6 aylar önce
I have an original Zulu war era Martini-Henry rifle here in Florida USA if you want one. It is in full operable condition. Reply to my comment if you would like to own it. I am 72 years old and unloading a bunch of stuff before I croak!!! Dave. * * *
@PeterHHodge 10 aylar önce
We had a pair of Martini Cadets in our school armoury, the small bore version. Great fun using them!
@daviddavey1727 9 aylar önce
One of the last battles to utilize rotational volley fire to full effect. Bolt repeaters , smokeless powder, and bottleneck cartridges eclipsed them after that.
@slider6535 10 aylar önce
I would really like to see a comparison video between the Martini-Henry and the U.S. 1851 Sharps rifle or the 1867 Remington rolling block that were in use at the same period of time. as the Martini-Henry. Would be an interesting look at historical breechloaders that were used by both militaries.
@williamdurowse2327 9 aylar önce
You'd have thought that someone who works at the royal armories would know how to properly hold a rifle
@patrickmullane30 10 aylar önce
What’s amazing to me is that I grew up with these- my father collected them- and I played with them not understanding their significance until recently.
@craigpennington1251 10 aylar önce
Outstanding video guys. Don't want to get hit with one of those. I had two 1863 Zouve 58 cal. rifles of Civil War. Damn, those things would blow a limb clean off you when hit. They kick so hard you get bruised. Fun to shoot but a bit painful too. P.S. Absolutely astounding collection they have there. Didn't see any junk on those racks.
@craigpennington1251 10 aylar önce
You are welcome.
@MrCarlBackhausen 9 aylar önce
Jonathan Furgeson is wonderful as usual. Love seeing him talk about guns and their history. He is so calm and knowledgeable
@cycleSCUBA 10 aylar önce
Jonathan was the gently spoken museum curator......then completely changes once he has the loaded rifle in his hands and then revels in detailing the damage!!!
@shanes-aquatic 10 aylar önce
I love watching the videos that Jonathan Ferguson does when he reviews modern and historic video game firearms and compares them with real life analogs.
@wulfengel 10 aylar önce
Seeing John's eyes as he aims with that gun, he knows how to shoot accurate and he didnt get all jumpy like the other two, seems he's had some experience shooting eh. Proper sharpshooter's stance, that's just cool, Johnny Fergusson the history nerd who really knows how to handle a rifle.
@billallen4793 10 aylar önce
Seeing 👀 all those belts used in the factory 🏭 is incredible! So cool to see how machines were powered back then!..from Wyoming USA 🇺🇸 🤠
@midgetydeath 10 aylar önce
Good job! A tip: hold the gun as far out as your arm can reach (without touching metal) and pull it into your shoulder. This helps a lot with keeping it steady and dealing with recoil.
@Hartley_Hare 9 aylar önce
I have a friend who used to work for the British Army and who met people who had fought in the Falklands. There was one action, whose name escapes me, where they had run out of ammunition. They fixed bayonets, and charged. Anecdote suggests there was a Colour Sergeant at RMAS who supposedly had the highest number of bayonet kills from that action. It's glamorous, I suppose, when it's a story, but when you think about the reality of it, then it's bloody horrible.
@agtom1329 10 aylar önce
Enjoying this series ! Please keep it going.
@ewanbauld607 10 aylar önce
This is incredible the Zulu's must have been so brave to run at these guns. My Grandad never talked about WW2 until he was drunk and he revealed some of the things he did it was chilling. He certainly didn't put the number of men he killed in a book and made millions from it like Ginge did.
@TheCrunchbird 6 aylar önce
My grandad was awarded a medal by the King of England for valor in 1916 when the king visited France. He was in the Kings Rifles. He was later very badly wounded in the battle of the Somme and was given an honourable discharge. He lived until he was 76 years of age. He too would not speak about his time in the war but my mother told me that he had been a sniper.
@unknownsoul13 10 aylar önce
If you think the first one had a kick, you should find a cut down sporterized version like my Dad was given (rechambered for Lee Enfied ammunition). Deadly accurate even on running game but incredible heavy recoil.
@softturd 10 aylar önce
love this.. so informative. ive got a martini henry "rook rifle" its an obsosete calibre but ive taken it to my local gunshop and its in perfect working order. always loved martinis since watching zulu. dont know for sure, but in my limited observation i noticed in zulu dawn, the later film, the redcoats uesd short cavalry versions of the gun..could be wrong...often am
@TJC807 10 aylar önce
As a comparison it would be fascinating to see the damage caused by a Zulu iKlwa stabbing spear
@TheCrunchbird 6 aylar önce
I own one of these. I was brought back from Africa in the 1840's.
@wadewilson8303 10 aylar önce
I'd sure like to work with a Henry Martini Rifle. It's been one of my fantasy rifles to shoot for a long time.
@TheCrunchbird 6 aylar önce
If you want to buy an original from the Zulu war period, reply to this comment. I am in Florida, USA. I also have a Snider Enfield and ammunition for both guns. All the very best, Dave. * * *
@MoonyPoet 10 aylar önce
Jonathan has the job that I wanted as a kid, but I wanted to play with swords instead of guns. Jonathan would make the type of professor that I would have wanted to study under and have advise me.
@stoopingfalcon891 10 aylar önce
I remember reading quite some time ago about the hydraulic shock of the impact of a round. Not only would you have the damage done by the projectile itself, but the damage done by having so much liquid displacement within the body must have been horrendous. You can get a little of the idea of what I mean when you see the size of the damage track imposed on the ballistic gel.
@yvonnesanders4308 10 aylar önce
Hard times produce hard men
@TheCrunchbird 6 aylar önce
Great video. I own an original Martini-Henry from the period of the Zulu wars as well as a Snider Enfield. I also have a fair bit of ammunition for both. I bought them forty years ago, I still don't know why I bought them other than they were very nice pieces of history that one doesn't normally see here in Florida, USA. If anyone would like to buy them, reply to this comment. I am now an old man who no longer needs them.
@Trusteft 9 aylar önce
Good video, my favorite was his last bit of info about wounds. Thanks for sharing.
@kamata93 10 aylar önce
Just finished watching Othias episode on the Martini-Henry and now watching this one as well. There is something cool about the breach loading rifles. MH and Remington Rolling block are top 2 in my eyes.
@fizz576 10 aylar önce
Always cool to see Johnathan talking abou guns I would highly recommend his book on British bullpup firearms.
@eloiseharbeson2483 10 aylar önce
Glad to see Jonathan display a Snider. Short lived conversion that was not built upon unlike the Allin conversion of the Springfield rifled musket that was carried over to the trapdoor Springfield.
@gwtpictgwtpict4214 10 aylar önce
Gentlemen, that was in no shape or form a deep dive into the Martini Henry. That said, well done on giving Jonathon Ferguson and the Royal Armouries some more visibility. It's too long since I paid a visit, but I still remember the elephant armour. A sight you need to see.
@paulswainson3634 10 aylar önce
A comparison between a SLR and the SA80 would be good to watch and see Johnathan's opinion of both.
@ArizonaJoeHines 10 aylar önce
I've read that the thin brass shell casings caused the rifle to jam.
@HarryFlashmanVC 5 aylar önce
Can I just say that Jonathan has one of the best jobs in the world. Curator of firearms at the Royal Armouries.... how cool is that?
@joemummerth8340 10 aylar önce
one of my favorite single shot actions ! used to own a bsa target rifle that was built on a martini henry action !
@wswift7611 10 aylar önce
Jonathan is a walking dictionary of rifle history, love the way he talked, very humble but utterly professional, Thanks for bringing up this very interesting history of weaponry
@salamanca1954 8 gün önce
You guys are after my own heart. Well done!
@bontragerjones 10 aylar önce
I have a Mk1 MH and she's a pleasure to shoot at the range. Heaps of smoke, accurate enough and always a conversation starter
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