A Very Modern Ancient Egypt

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The Austin School

The Austin School

Gün önce

Dr. Roy Casagranda is a political science professor in Austin, Texas. If you like this analysis and want more, check out Red Peace Machine weekly news podcast • Red Peace Machine

Hisham Elzayat
Hisham Elzayat 10 aylar önce
Being Egyptian myself I feel I'm learning more about my country's history from these lectures. So thank you!
Mohamed Ali
Mohamed Ali Yıl önce
Professor, please write few books on Middle-East, US Foreign Policy and WWII and all other topics that you are well versed in. I had already purchased your fiction book, just to show my gratitude for all the knowledge that I've gained from your videos (despite I only read non-fiction). I wish I was where you are so I could gatecrash all your lectures. Sincere, heartfelt gratitude Sir!
Abdiqani hashi
Abdiqani hashi 4 aylar önce
What do you mean by gate crash? Btw do you prefer reading or listening to lectures.
Jakia Chowdhury
Jakia Chowdhury 2 aylar önce
Jakia Chowdhury
Jakia Chowdhury 2 aylar önce
2: 2:25 2:25 17
Jakia Chowdhury
Jakia Chowdhury 2 aylar önce
6:55 6: 7:04 7:08 55 7:05
Jakia Chowdhury
Jakia Chowdhury 2 aylar önce
Henry Szamota
Henry Szamota 4 yıl önce
I love these lectures! Roy is really one of the best. Can’t wait to give this a listen later today
Joe Ned
Joe Ned 5 aylar önce
Wow! I think Egypt's history is actually our World's history! Surprising, how one country has such a long recorded history!
Faheem Wani
Faheem Wani Aylar önce
What's crazy is that what we know about Egypt's history is only a fraction of a percentage of the actual history of Egypt. Most of it was lost.
ZGoodTerrorist 8 aylar önce
I am just so proud to be related to The Egyptian history and the Islamic History both both civilizations held great golden ages in innovation and it is just beyond what the media tries to paint us with and paint the west with.
Saboor Monir
Saboor Monir 7 aylar önce
Unfortunately, lies speed far more quickly than the truth, and unfortunately, most we are more interested in with in watching short videos on social media than sitting down and learning a real lesson. I hope everyone listens to these useful lectures, Thank you Professor for all your lectures.
Samer Ghazoul
Samer Ghazoul 11 aylar önce
Thank you Dr. Roy please keep publishing We love you
james albert hird
james albert hird 2 aylar önce
Sir, I think Khalid Bin Waleed is a good subject especially for the Arab, South East Asia and the Muslim world. I'm going to be cheeky just avoid the word "hate'" That book if you do write will be a mega Hit🎉
El Saint
El Saint 4 aylar önce
clicked like before i even heard anything. this guy is amazing
Dr Khan
Dr Khan 4 aylar önce
Amazing as usual. Dr Roy is a master of his craft. I have one question though. Which dynasty and which pharoah is associated with Moses?
Mr. Muhammad
Mr. Muhammad 3 aylar önce
Ramses II
J Black
J Black 2 yıl önce
Interesting lectures. I'm mostly continuing to watch to see if he ever says with a Russian accent "I want my bird."
Viadeiservi Viadeiservi
Viadeiservi Viadeiservi 2 aylar önce
Dr Roy Casagranda. you are the man!
Lapatossu 2 yıl önce
From the time of Imhotep and the construction of the step pyramid of Djoser to the building of the great Khufu pyramid it was supposedly only about a hundred years. So the storyline is that these people who didn't even know how to build stone arches went on, in about one hundred years later, to build one of the largest and most phenomenal buildings ever constructed, with building techniques making it earthquake proof and practically everlasting, made of massive granite blocks that they weren't supposed to be able to cut let alone polish to perfection, a geodetic masterpiece perfectly aligned to true north containing evidence of high geometric knowledge supposedly only discovered thousands of years later... that just doesn't sound like a story a sane man is supposed to believe.
Mohamed Ghoneim
Mohamed Ghoneim 5 aylar önce
Actually you're right, that's it was never only 4000 years civilization, it goes back to 12000 years
MESSiAM 2 aylar önce
Hey I actually don’t think the Ptolemaic folk were “white” specifically though. In my family tree they end up being ambiguously Japanese Greeks or like Javanese. I actually believe from the family tree stuff that Anatolian Greeks were haida tribe super specifically them. It’s a context intuitive confidence lol The cree specifically In the states. Cedar dugouts with paddles aren’t high tech and I really think as ancient river/creek travel as man is. Like for so many uses. As a mule in shallow creeks to move rock, dirt, stuff, etc.. Anyway the totempolemaic dynasty wasn’t a first for them. I link them to Amonute matoaka as the Taino usurping the french grip on Breton and becoming bri-taino. To follow are a series of good cop/bad cop bs fights between Spain and Britain navies/merchant pirates that surmount to a fake “we saved you from the Spanish so pay us for the protection” tax that plague us even to this day. Seriously a good trick too and it seems to work on the ants and Bees as long as fear is thick in the air but not thicker than the opium smoke lingering around our personal pleasure vices.. anyhoo in my opinion Macedonian dynasties have more in common with Japan than they do “white land” wherever and whenever that is. Japan and Alaskan. With Moms from Arizona. No joke. I learned a little Chinese to weed out “Native Amorican” relatives living in Jomon country circa 1000. You can input words like Hebrew or something into google translate and choose Mandan or man dari whatever and copy translation> paste>subtract one character at time> add back then subtract until you have covered all combos.. this literally starts spelling out prepositions and noun specific processes not that different than how I think “Egyptian” hieroglyphs are sometimes seemingly written out. Where there isn’t a thanksgiving turkey glyph but there’s a series of pictures showing how to net and prepare a turkey etc.. So with Hebrew it basically gives a mother and a father. Ainu chieftain father and Mother from Ho-pe province. Literally says bred for brewing but in the alchemical scientist sense not specifically for beer but.. that’s all the Egyptians drank right?? So I’m sure they did up lots o that in the massive mining operations and such. I don’t think there is a “hopi” people or at least prior to 18th century. I tried to find something and could not before then and even that sounds orally like all the other blackbirded peoples. The church and its rays were thorough in their fn treachery so I doubt they hold any true memories of who they are. Imma live my life unraveling the church’s serpent clutches on the histories so the meek of this world can know who they are. They gonna have to accept that it ain’t at all utopia in our pasts. Every kind of person I’ve mistrusted or felt was my antitheses… is related to me according to my awesome genealogy skills… I been excited to apologize to the world for my kinds treachery, so this is how imma try that. Two sides to coins but the third side is the silent pocket hole cutter that lets the others get away with robbery and murder on mass. Love it and hate it all actually. And I’m stoned and rambling to sleeping dogs and room temp coffee creamer… thanks for listening
MESSiAM Aylar önce
I should add that the states of Virginia carried the Ptolemaic torch to the Americas and the original covenant between they and the Nubians was exploited here in the states but there it wasn’t so nasty. In 5 generations white goes to black and black to white when sticking to specific “colors” when breeding. It’s amazing how that works. There’s a really great Scottish comedian who made a video showing how this was the case with his family. So a modern visual of what I am saying. I love the mixes and tones that come of inter-twining the different crayons in our crayon box. I don’t think it was important at all in history what color a person was. I call myself yellow since I was jaundiced at birth and have that olive yella skin. But In the summer imma red man for sure. I think someone got it twisted when referring to Africans as “colored”, I’m the “colored” one, green eyes, gold hair, yella skin, grey beard, brown moles, red cheeks, imma damn bowl of rainbow sherbet ice cream. Lol
Taqi Naqvi
Taqi Naqvi Aylar önce
Before French philologist Jean Francois Champolllion deciphered the Ancient Egyptian Hieratic/Hieroglyphic language and script (via the Rosetta Stone) in 1822-1824, a native (indigenous) Egyptian from Akhmim, Sa'id (upper Egypt), the Muslim Sufi scholar Dhul' Nun Abul Faiz Thawban bin Ibrahim al-Misri (796-862 CE), had deciphered it back in the 9th Century A.D. All his literary works were preserved in the DAR-UL-ILM Islamic University of the FATIMID Caliphate of Egypt. The Darul Ilm was at Alexandria while the other equally great FATIMID Islamic University was the Al-Azhar at Qahirah (Cairo). Most unfortunately, when the Kurdish Sultan of northern Iraq, SALADIN (1137-1193 CE), conquered Egypt, he ordered all the books burned at the Dar ul-ilm university in Alexandria and had the university completely dismantled, which was then used for building material for new fortifications he ordered built. He almost did the same for the Al-Azhar university of Cairo but spared the building but instead, he had ordered all the Ismaili Muslim literature it contained to be burned. Saladin replaced it with Shafai Muslim doctrines. The Fatimid Caliphate of Egypt had preserved any surviving ancient Egyptian literature at Dar ul-ilm university that had escaped the Christian destruction of Ancient Egyptian literature when Egypt had been Christianized. Had Saladin not destroyed all this, native (indigenous) Islamicized Egyptians would have been recognized as the first to have deciphered Ancient Masri (Hieratic) or Medu (later Medunetjeru) long before any Europeans did. Btw, the earliest purpose for ancient Egyptian writing was not to record hymns or psalms to their gods but to record trade and commerce financial transactions and goods. That is why the language was simply known as and called Medu (literally 'words'). Later, when the sacred hymns and psalms were recorded, the language was then called Medu-Netjeru ('words of the gods'). Let me also clarify about when some of these foreigners or cultural thieves point out that Modern Egyptians call themselves the Arab Republic of Egypt to separate us from our ancient forefathers. The word ARAB in English is spelled and understood as such. In Arabic, there is a clear distinction between 'Arab and A'araab. Both are spelled the same in English but are spelled differently in Arabic. Because of this, their pronunciation differs in the Arabic language. For example in the Egyptian passport, the Arabic text reads: جمهورية مصر العربية Arab Republic of Egypt / Jumhūrīyat Miṣr al-ʻArabīyah or Gomhoreyyet Maṣr el-ʿArabeyya [Masri Arabic] ... Pay close attention to the spelling of the last word: العربية Al-Arabiyya This is a clear indication that it is referring to 'Arabs [ayn-ra-ba]. This is a generic label meaning Arabic-language speaker or Cultural Arab and includes Non-Arabs. اعراب = A'araab [alef-ayn-ra-alef-ba]. This refers to indigenous or true Arabs of the Arabian Peninsula. The A'araab [spelled alef-ayn-ra-alef-ba] are the ARABS who invaded and conquered much of the known world back from 644-751 CE. But because these A'araabs are severely criticized in a few verses in the Qur'an, they have propagandized the meaning of A'araab to mean Bedouins (or desert Arabs). Refer to Surah Tawbah verses 97-99 [9:97-99]. There is the Arabic language and its main dialects of Hejazi, Masri, Galbi, Maghrebi, and Khaleeji (along with 30 sub-dialects). Then there are various Arabic scripts (Hejazi, Mashq, Ma'il, Kufi, Naskhi, Rasm, Garshuni, Abjad, etc.). From pre-Islamic Nabataean (al-Anbat) Arabic, Sabaic (Zabur) pre-Islamic Yemeni Arabic, Qur'anic or Classical Arabic to Modern Standard Arabic (MSA), the English transliteration of a "desert Arab" is 'Badiya' (fem) and 'Badaw' (masc) from which 'Badawi' (masc) and 'Badawiyya' (fem) or 'Bedouin' (masc) / 'Bedouine' (fem) [the French language pronunciations] are directly derived. 'Badiya' (fem) and 'Badaw' (masc) literally mean "D-E-S-E-R-T". Consequentially, a "Badawi" (masc) or "Bedouin" (masc) is someone of or from the DESERT (as in someone who lives in the Desert). An alternate word for "DESERT" is 'Sahr', from which 'Sahraa' is directly derived. That is why some Arabs laugh when they hear English-speaking journalists or academics say "Sahara Desert" ... Because it literally means the ridiculously redundant "Desert Desert"...But have gotten used to it. This is the difference between Badaw and Arab. There are 2 appellations which in English are spelled the same but not in the Arabic language: ARAB in English is as you see it. In Arabic, there are 2 distinctions via Romanized transliteration: The Arabic language-speaker 'ARAB (spelled ayn-ra-ba) or Cultural Arab which include Non-Arabs and then the indigenous Arab from the Arabian Peninsula -- A'ARAAB (spelled alef-ayn-ra-alef-ba). This distinction is completely lost in English (both in translation and transliteration). Before the Arab (i.e., A'araab) invasions and occupation of North Africa, the indigenous population (the Imazighen/Berbers) spoke Tamazight (and its multiple dialects across Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Western Egypt) and in Egypt, Qibti (Coptic). Greater Syria (which included Lebanon, Palestine, Jordan) spoke Aramaya or Aramaic (and its multiple dialects, a popular one being Syriac or Suryani). The (Mesopotamian) Iraqis spoke Kaldu (Chaldean) which directly derived from the ancient languages Emeku (Sumerian) and Akkadu (Akkadian). A crucial point to note is that pre-Islamic Arabic was originally rooted in THREE ancient languages: Iraq's Akkadu (Akkadian), Syria's Eblahi (Eblahite/Eblaic), and Egypt's Nesweti Medu-Netjeru.
Iqbal Baihaqi
Iqbal Baihaqi 5 aylar önce
wow, it's no wonder ancient kemet has 25+ dynasties, they must be generous because they have to share and make sure those who are hungry and thirsty can meet their needs.
Mahmoud Kadry
Mahmoud Kadry Yıl önce
25:16 i would like to add and comment on Egypt's name ,, ancient Egyptians named their country many names ,, the most famous ones Gebt-Kemet-Deshert ,, the (T) by the end of each names refer to (land) so GebT Means Geb's land who is the god of earth in the Egyptian mythology , which was changed changed later by foreigner invaders to Egypt ,, the other name was Kemet and as you mentioned its named after its Black soil so again T refers to for land so and Kem means black so, Black Land ,, those were 2 most fames names that ancient Egyptians called their countries . there was also Deshert which was meant Red Land referring to Sands which is known now in the English Language as Desert .
janus amoun
janus amoun Yıl önce
I can't believe he doesn't know that "Egypt" comes from the name of the city of Memphis "Ha-Ka-Ptah", meaning the house of the soul of the creation God Ptah.
Some Man
Some Man 5 aylar önce
It]s called Missir since the dawn of history and the names you mentioned are not for the country as one entity, but rather territorial names., the desert land, the agricultural land. land where gold is extracted from etc. Check the letters of Amarna and the Bible recorded that name too with the plural suffix Missrayim as we call us now Misseryin.
MESSiAM Aylar önce
@janus amoun I always wonder if Ptah was ever from “Jupiter” reference? I’m India proper there is my “Gupta” and the word “Gu” seemed at times to refer to a god maybe? Just wondering
SSA Yıl önce
Greeks ruled India for 400 years in total. They left their mark on Buddhism and Hinduism. Their Ram story is Helen of Troy suited for India.
William Kao
William Kao 8 aylar önce
3000 years ago in Luxor there was a lecture where they too talk about ancient Kemet history.
William Kao
William Kao 8 aylar önce
When the Ptolemies were reading about pharaohs marrying sisters I guess the Egyptian priests or translators just went along with the train of thought and kept their mouth shut, they must have gossiped in private that the Greeks were weird.
Boq Precision
Boq Precision Yıl önce
26:54 Masr is also from the Biblical "Mizraim", which was the Hebrew name for the East bank of the Nile Delta.
Mohamed Ghoneim
Mohamed Ghoneim 5 aylar önce
I'm so sorry, Mizraim is a whole different thing. Try and research for biblical Egypt and the Arab Mizraim
Boq Precision
Boq Precision 5 aylar önce
@Mohamed Ghoneim You are mistaken. I am just repeating conventional information, not my own opinion.
Mohamed Ghoneim
Mohamed Ghoneim 5 aylar önce
Sorry we're going in circles here, Have you looked it up first?
Mohamed Ghoneim
Mohamed Ghoneim 5 aylar önce
@Boq Precision conventional information said by whom? :) That's why I'm asking you to look it up
Boq Precision
Boq Precision 5 aylar önce
@Mohamed Ghoneim We're only going in circles because you came here with a claim and then command me to look up your claim. Maybe if you provide a source in your initial post, we wont go in circles? In anycase, I am not repeating something from my wishes, but sharing public knowledge. Arabic Masr/Misr is the same term as the Hebrew Mizraim. But in Hebrew, Mizraim was a specific part of modern Egypt. In Arabic, Masr can also mean to be just "Cairo".
Oui Aylar önce
I find it amazing how many people disassociate ancient and even modern Egypt/Kemet from Africa. Egyptians regarded Areas like Ethiopia as the land of the Gods, is their a social political reason for this I wonder
Jurjy Zaidan
Jurjy Zaidan Aylar önce
I AM AN INDIGENOUS NORTH AFRICAN. I AM AN INDIGENOUS MASRI (EGYPTIAN). Let me educate you on what a North African and an Egyptian is ... FYI, prior to Roman Era Greek astronomer & geographer Claudius Ptolemaeus changed the world map by including Egypt in Africa during the 2nd Century CE, all the earlier ancient Greek and Phoenician (i.e., ancient Lebanese) world maps included Egypt in Asia (and NOT in Africa). Our ancient Egyptians themselves regarded Egypt as the centre of the world map with the rest of Ta Mazgha (North Africa) to its West and Greater Syria (which included Lebanon, Palestine, Jordan) and Iraq (Sumer-Babylonia) to its East. In our ancient Egyptian Book Of The Gates (Pylons), which dated to 19th & 20th Dynasty tombs of the New Kingdom, we have clear images on the walls which depict our ancient Egyptian idea of human races: Ourselves at the centre were RETH; to our East, were the Aamu (Asiatics); to our West, were the Temehu (Libyans); to our North, were the Nehesu (Nubians/Blacks)...I say North because to our Pharaounic ancestors, Nubia & Sudan were considered North due to the Nile River flowing toward the Mediterranean. FYI, Qibti (Coptic) language only dated from 3rd Century CE during the Roman occupation of our Egypt and is far more Demotic Greek than Nesweti / Masri (indigenous Egyptian). Just look at the Qibti (Coptic) script and compare to Demotic or Koine Greek writing...And then compare it to our native Nesweti / Masri CURSIVE ancient Egyptian writing (whom the Greeks called 'Hieratic' or "Sacred Text"). Notwithstanding all the Qibti (Coptic) dialects of Akhmimic; Bohairic; Fayyumic; Sahidic; etc. ... Also, there is Ethiopian Coptic which linguistically is mixed in with Ge'ez (the pre-Amharic language of Aksumite Ethiopia). It too is heavily Demotic Greek. It is hilarious that we have all these foreigners uploading opinions on TRshow (most who have never even set foot in North Africa or even Sub-Saharan Africa, for that matter)....What do any of you think is meant by "African"? 'African' originally applied to Saharan or North African (Morocco to Egypt). Not Sub-Saharan. The appellation 'Africa' was derived from the Afriqi Amazigh (Berber) tribe of Tunisia. They worshipped the ancient Cave-Goddess 'AFRI' ... The Tamazight word for 'Cave' was 'AFER'. Tunisia's ancient name was AFRIQIYAH after the Afriqi Amazigh tribe. Technically, all indigenous "North Africans" are Imazighen (aka "Berbers" as the Europeans erroneously call us). Our presence in North Africa has been attested by science through forensic anthropology since eons before the geological desertification of the Sahara (that occurred from 6000-3000 BCE) ! The ancient indigenous name of North Africa was TA MAZGHA (which our ancient Egyptian ancestors called TA MESHWESH), THREE (3) MILLENNIA before the Arab invasion of the 7th Century CE. The Greeks and Romans called all of North Africa 'Africa' and its inhabitants 'Africans', directly derived from Tunisia's ancient name of Afriqiyah. Sub-Saharans or Blacks were originally called ABYSSOS by the Greeks (adapted as HABASHI in Arabic). Greek: άβυσσος (ávyssos) → Latin: abyssus from which Abyssinia (Land of the Abyssus) is directly derived. The very name Ethiopia was Hellenized in the Greek language as they called that land Aethiops. Later in history, the name Abyssinia was limited to mean Ethiopia and Eritrea. And the name Aethiops being Greek, literally means 'Burned Faces' (Ethio means 'Burned' and Ops/Pia means 'Faces'). Previously, ABYSSINIA meant ALL of the Sub-Saharan continent and its inhabitants (i.e., "Black Africans") were known as 'ABYSSINIANS'. In time, the term 'African' came to be erroneously applied to Black 'Africans' just as the word 'Indian' was erroneously applied to indigenous Americans (e.g., Pueblo, Cherokee, Navajo, Kiowa, Comanche, Apache, Cheyenne, Lakota, Choctaw, etc.) by Europeans starting with Christopher Columbus. Indigenous (Native) Americans are no more 'Indian' from India than Blacks are really 'African'... Look at Asia and the term Asian. In North America, Asian means oriental (Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc.). In the UK and parts of Western Europe, Asian is exclusively referred to people of Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Nepal. We Egyptians used to call our land (both Upper & Lower Egypt) TA MERY (Beloved Land). And also, would refer to our land as TA DESHRET (Red Land) and TA KHEMET (Black Land). Our forefathers were very much into colour-coding everything. Colours had deep, symbolic meanings to our ancestors. The Red Land represented the Red Deserts of Egypt while the Black Land represented the Black Silt of the Nile River which fertilized our Nile Valley. Deshret is the colour Red while Khemet is the colour Black (directly derived from its root word Khemi which is the ancient Egyptian word for the Nile River SILT). Btw, the ancient Tamazight (Berber) word for Land was also TA as it was in ancient Masri (Egyptian).
Oui Aylar önce
@Jurjy Zaidan it is amazing with what seems to be an intelligent argument you 'assume' to know where I am from, and I assume then that as 'today's map' shows Egypt is not on/apart of the continent known as Africa? Also was I wrong in stating the known fact Ethiopia as it is now called was regarded as the land of the God's?
Jurjy Zaidan
Jurjy Zaidan Aylar önce
@Oui So what point are trying to make? If you fully read and absorbed what I wrote, your question as to what Africa was and is and its relation to Egypt has been answered. I didn't assume where you are from ... I do assume that you are not Egyptian. No Egyptian would ask the question you did. We already know the answer. Ta Netjeru (Land of the Gods) is what our ancestors described Punt. The exact location of Punt is still debated by archaeologists. It could have been Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, NE Sudan, Djibouti, Yemen, South India, or Sri Lanka (Ceylon). Its first mention was during 5th Dynasty Pharaoh Sahure's reign. There is no earlier mention of it. The 18th Dynasty Queen Hatshepsut's expedition to Punt (Ta Netjeru) brought back Gold, Ebony, Ivory, animal skins, and Zebu (short-horned) cattle. Zebu cattle are not indigenous to the African continent but are indigenous to Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Yemen. Indigenous Ethiopian and Eritrean cattle (Sanga) are long-horns. However, they have been cross-bred since Medieval times with the South Arabian Zebu cattle. Ebony trees (Diospyros Ebenum) are grown naturally in Mozambique and Tanzania in Africa and in South India, Sri Lanka, and Indonesia in Asia. Gold has always been plentiful in the Horn of Africa (East Africa) and South India and Sri Lanka. The names of the rulers of Punt are King Parahu and Queen Ati listed in Queen Hatshepsut's expedition to Punt (Ta Netjeru). It was the Greeks who thought that the Land of the Gods was Ethiopia based on the following abstract of Diodorus Siculus (a Greek historian from the 1st century BCE): > However, modern anthropology, paleoecology, and geology have developed and evolved considerably since Diodorus Siculus' archaic assessment.
Afriqiyah Airways
Afriqiyah Airways Aylar önce
Dr. Casagranda is in error when he states that Khalid bin Walid never lost a battle. Khalid was one of the military commanders of the Meccan Army who lost the Battle of Badr against Muhammad's Muslim Army on 17th Ramadhan 2 Hijri (Tuesday 16th March 624 CE-Gregorian not Julian). The Muslim Army numbered 313 while the Meccan Army numbered 1,000. The Muslim Army was FASTING as it was the month of Ramadhan. Khalid's father Walid bin Mughirah and paternal uncle Abu Rabiah bin Mughirah were both slain at the Battle of Badr by Muhammad's son-in-law & paternal first cousin Ali ibn Abi Talib, while Khalid escaped with his life. Khalid, who commanded the Meccan Cavalry Unit in the follow-up Battle of Jabal Uhud, would have lost that battle to the Muslim Army as well, were it not for the Archery Division disobeying orders and leaving their post. The Muslim Army had clearly beaten back the Meccan Army who were in full retreat. At the Battle of Uhud, the Muslim Army was outnumbered again: Muslims were 700 Infantry (of which 50 were Archers) + 4 Cavalry = 704. The Meccan Army was 3000 Infantry + 200 Cavalry = 3200. The Battle of Uhud occurred on 17th Shawwal 3 Hijri (Tuesday 5th April 624 CE-Gregorian)...Some sources say it was held on 7th Shawwal. The Muslim Army had 14 casualties while the Meccans had 71 casualties (of which 36 were singlehandedly killed by Ali Ibn Abi Talib). Of course, this was before Khalid bin Walid's conversion to Islam when he was one of Islam and Muhammad's bitterest enemies. Once he became a Muslim, Khalid bin Walid did not lose a single battle. Dr. Casagranda should have correctly stated that there are 7 generals in history that never lost a battle they personally commanded: -- Thutmose III (Egypt) -- Darius the Great (Persia/Iran) -- Epaminondas (Greece) -- Alexander the Great (Macedonia/Greece) -- Bai Qi (China) -- Ashoka the Great (India) -- Scipio Africanus (Rome/Italy)
Sheryn Shahwan
Sheryn Shahwan Yıl önce
Professor Roy, do you have a podcast?
DanSamet 3 aylar önce
It's impossible to describe how much credibility a man loses when he goes on a tangent about how the ancient world has a version of slavery that was enlightened and just something people did to the poor, to help them according to Prod Cassagrande, I assume after hearing his glowing description of their slavery as compared to what happened in the early modern period. Somehow post enlightenment Europeans made more barbaric slave masters than bronze age and iron age empires. Sure dude. It's a naked effort to maintain the politics of it all while being able to justify interest in and respect for Egypt and Rome.
Sonar Bangla
Sonar Bangla 5 aylar önce
Roy has Egyptian history wrong, Ramses II fought the Sea People, not Ramses III. This was when the Kuru destroyed the Yadava in the Kurukshetra war under the Babylonians and changed Sanatan religion with Semitic Hinduism and broke the Indian spine, from which they never recovered. 3200 years the first time the Indians discuss is when Modi was defeated by Mamta who sided with Goddess Durga dumping Ram (Ramses II), ending the landslide of Hindutya.
bee mill
bee mill 7 aylar önce
What about the understanding that the huge blocks of the pyramid were poured...as supposedly they has technology to..melt limestone and granite..if so answers alot of questions including..perfect statues
MESSiAM Aylar önce
I think this too. Easy work really. Also I believe the henges are all mummies in rocks. Seriously I do. I am a master mason and hobby ancient building tech. I can make rocks that look a million years old. Add the dust of some old bones and send it for testing. Boom! 10,000 year old stone… poured a week ago. Limestones are easy to make and sandstones of course. The nomadic ancients long figured out the best lock is a rock. No pirates can easily make off with multi tonned stones in a hurry. So bury your loot in stone. I have even identified a specific moss that grows on faux stone vaults of a certain people that used cows milk in their concrete mixes. St. Onehen ge = Owens grave
janus amoun
janus amoun Yıl önce
I can't believe he doesn't know that "Egypt" comes from the name of the city of Memphis "Ha-Ka-Ptah", meaning the house of the soul of the creation God Ptah. Then what's up with all the lefty interpretations about slavery, racism and sexism? Finally, no evidence whatsoever for any civil war at the end of the old kingdom. This is an outdated belief that is uninformed by the fact that most ancient civilisations at that time, for reasons yet unclear, experienced that same sudden collapse, possibly for environmental reasons.
Ron Mullick
Ron Mullick Yıl önce
Yes that is being suggested all over the internet. But I think the original word was GYPT.Which sounds closer to KMT.Or KMT might have been pronounced GYMT. Two thing come to mind The word GYPSY was misapplied to the roaming tribes from India who were mistaken for Egyptians because of their dark complexion.Secondly Egyptian even today in Arabic replace the J sound with the G or Gh sound.As in Gamal vs Jamal. But if one looks at the origin of the word INDIA for example.Its based on the name of the Indus river.The Indus Valley Civilization in Pakistan today.The locals call the river SIND today but the S might have given SI a sound that was completely different eons ago.
Hisham Elzayat
Hisham Elzayat 10 aylar önce
Anthony Nichols
Anthony Nichols 3 yıl önce
You forgot about the 25th dynasty
أحمد التصاعدي
أحمد التصاعدي Yıl önce
Ramses the 2nd is the pharoah who was associated with moses,os supposed to be associated with him.
nazir mudasser
nazir mudasser 3 aylar önce
utub1970 3 aylar önce
Have the decency to have better audio for goodness sake
Allen Cummings
Allen Cummings 3 yıl önce
glad dude asked about the undefeated general, i had a feeling it was that muslim dude
Allen Cummings
Allen Cummings 3 yıl önce
heard it on caspian report's history of islam
Allen Cummings
Allen Cummings 3 yıl önce
Eduardo Padilla
Eduardo Padilla 2 yıl önce
Nah!! All evidence shows that there is no way Egyptians built those pyramids, either a previous civilization or aliens built those pyramids... BYW, they have not found one a single mummy in any of those pyramids, so to assume they were burial grounds is laughable!! look it up!!! Great lecture though...
Mohamed Ghoneim
Mohamed Ghoneim 5 aylar önce
It was built by the lost civilization of ancient Egypt... It goes back 12000 years BC, Look it up :D
Some Man
Some Man 5 aylar önce
You mean all pseudo-evidences.
Nidal Bazzi
Nidal Bazzi 7 aylar önce
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