Greek War of Independence: Modern Greece is Born - History DOCUMENTARY

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Kings and Generals

Kings and Generals

7 aylar önce

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Kings and Generals historical animated documentary series on the early modern history, as well as the history Greece and the Ottoman Empire continues with the second episode in our story of the Greek War of Independence, which gave Greece its new era of independence. In the first video ( • Greek War of Inde... ) we talked about the reasons this revolt has occurred and what the life in the Ottoman Empire was like for the Greeks, while the second episode covered a number of battles, including Peta and Karpenisi and how these battles led to the internal strife among the Greeks and forced the Ottomans to send an armada from Egypt to attack the rebels, putting the revolution into peril ( • Greek War of Inde... ). Third episode talked about the Fall of Missolonghi and how the Greeks almost lost this war of independence ( • How the Greeks Al... ), while the final episode will talk how Greece gained its independence and modern Hellas was born.
Rise of Bulgaria - Battle of Tryavna 1190 - • Rise of Bulgaria ...
Sack of Constantinople 1204 - • Sack of Constanti...
What Was Lost in the Sack of Constantinople - • What Was Lost in ...
Varangians - Elite Bodyguards of the Byzantine Emperors - • Varangians - Elit...
Adrianople 1205 - • Battle of Adriano...
Siege of Damascus 634 - Arab - Byzantine Wars - • Siege of Damascus...
Byzantine Empire Strikes Back - Battle of Nikiou 646 - • Byzantine Empire ...
Siege of Constantinople 717-718 - Arab-Byzantine Wars - • Siege of Constant...
Pliska 811 - Byzantine - Bulgarian Wars - Pliska 811 - Byzantine - Bulgarian Wars
Versinikia 813 - Byzantine - Bulgarian Wars - • Versinikia 813 - ...
Third Crusade 1189-1192: From Hattin to Jaffa - • Third Crusade 118...
Basil II - Reformer, Restorer, Bulgarslayer - • Basil II - Reform...
Creation of the Medieval Roman Army - • Creation of the M...
Strategikon - Army Manual of the Eastern Roman Empire - • Strategikon - Arm...
Elite and Levy Units of the Eastern Roman Army - • Elite and Levy Un...
Medieval Battles - • Early Muslim Expa...
Support us on Patreon: or Paypal: or by joining the youtube membership: / @kingsandgenerals We are grateful to our patrons and sponsors, who made this video possible:
The video was made by Lito Areta, while the script was researched and written by Leo Stone
This video was narrated by Officially Devin ( / @offydgg & / @gameworldnarratives )
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Production Music courtesy of Epidemic Sound:
#Documentary #GreekWarOfIndependence #Ottoman

Kings and Generals
Kings and Generals 7 aylar önce
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koco qape
koco qape 4 aylar önce
kings and generals what i see personality this is a Albanian brother war ,Pro Otoman Empire and agains Otoman Empire ,Kolokotroni is Albanian,Kapodistria is Albanian ,Boubulina Albanian.Marco Botsari is Albanian and and and and, all so Ibrahim Pasha from Egypt is Albanian ,i dont see Turkish name and Greeks name in all this history ,the only one Turk is Sulltan ,rest Albanian in this war.
J G 6 aylar önce
Kapodistria was not his birthname...real name"Gjika" became his name later when he was adopted,or his parents were killed on purpose so they could "adopt" him and his title -fortune...(istrea-kapo-)(nowdays Croatia).
J G 6 aylar önce
@Tom Bong Kapodistria was not his became his name later when he was adopted,or his parents were killed on purpose so they could "adopt" him and his title -fortune...(istrea-kapo-Croatia).
Leo S.
Leo S. 7 aylar önce
Great powers: "Congratulations, you are being liberated. A random guy from Germany has been assigned to be your King. Please do not resist."
Lawrence Aylar önce
@Kwan Linus the danish ones actually adapted to greek society.
Cello 2 aylar önce
When it collapsed , it was not only Turks, who lost their empire, but also Greeks. If you know a bit real history and just compare Greeks role in the Ottoman system vs the EU today,you would understand what I mean. Greeks were great merchants , diplomats and administrators.
Amjad Mohammed
Amjad Mohammed 4 aylar önce
@Aoki Aoki who wrote this and can u explain a furthermore back story?
vak 7 aylar önce
As a Greek I cant thank you enough for these series! It is always so helpful to watch documentaries about Greek war of independence that are not made by Greeks. Many diplamatic details shown in this video are not even taught at school. Thank you very much for this magnifficent documentary about my country!
Gaia Tree
Gaia Tree 28 gün önce
@Soon to be souls Veteran no, if they did not into the war revolt could not be succeded. ottoman was invade mani and captured missolonghi
DD PMK Aylar önce
@Alexandru Tiță Well said. Even though ancient Macedonians were as Greek as other Ancient Greek tribes, since they spoke Greek, worshipped Greek gods and participated in the Olympics, the scenario of them being non Greek wouldn’t make those Slavs Macedonian. On the contrary I would add that the Romanians are more closely related to Macedonians because their ancestors the Daco-Thracians neighbored Macedonia, at a time when the Slavs still lived in northeastern Europe.
Κρονῑ́ονος 3 aylar önce
@Muhammed Murat Balcı Like the Turks who who committed worse atrocities in the span of 400 years? Yeah Greek atrocities don’t compare the Turkish ones, Greece has a few bad examples, Turkey has a whole criminal record.
Erevien 5 aylar önce
@Hirohito antiquity was the best time. It brought democracy and the victory against Persia.
JK 6 aylar önce
You're welcome, Papadakis
Boyan Bogdanov
Boyan Bogdanov 7 aylar önce
As a Bulgarian I didn't know that the Greeks fought so hard. I have always thought that they were obliterated by the Ottomans and saved by the Brits and the Russians at the last moment. This makes me think that I know much more about Germany and France in comparisson to Greece and Turkey which are our neighbours. Thank you for increasing my knowledge about that!
Rhomios 2 aylar önce
@Van Dare thanks, perfectly said.
F I 4 aylar önce
@Odysseas Ntalias ladies first dear :)))
F I 4 aylar önce
@Odysseas Ntalias Altai you mean? Hem Türk yurdunda yaşayacaksınız hem de ahkam keseceksiniz :)) We went to the Altai mountains from Anatolia. If you have any idea about human immigrations, you cold stop speaking as a Greek:)))
Odysseas Ntalias
Odysseas Ntalias 4 aylar önce
@F I Altay mountains are waiting for you if you keep provoking.....
Bruce Wayne
Bruce Wayne 7 aylar önce
When - during the greek revolution - admiral Codrington suggested to Kolokotronis that the greeks should come to terms with the Turks, Kolokotronis replied: "Our king did not come to terms", referring to the last roman emperor and the fall of Constantinople. This was Constantine Palaiologos' legacy to the spirit of the nation for the years of slavery to come. No surrender
Sp Ge
Sp Ge 5 aylar önce
@Voskre Glavincevska where you from?
acid boys super3
acid boys super3 6 aylar önce
@Voskre Glavincevska bark as long as you want is they only thing you got
Voskre Glavincevska
Voskre Glavincevska 6 aylar önce
@Niki M Blod of brothers cannot be turned into wather ! You are just excusing yourselves mixing Bulgarian and Macedonian ! What a pithy ?
HGL 2020
HGL 2020 7 aylar önce
Must be noted that in Greece we celebrate the start of a war, hence we have two big national days. One for the start of the War of Independence in March of 1821 and one for the start of WW II in October of 1940. This fact outlines the importance of our struggle for freedom regardless of the outcome. 🙏✝🔵⚪
Παυλος Χαραλαμπους
Παυλος Χαραλαμπους 6 aylar önce
@Aoki Aoki αδερφέ 25 Μαρτίου είναι η θεωρητική ημερομηνία για την αρχή της επανάστασης 28 Οκτωβρίου η Ιταλία μας κυριξε το πόλεμο Επίσης ο Μεταξάς δεν είπε όχι αλλά " Ε τότε έχουμε πόλεμο" στα γαλλικά
Dimitris Stathopoulos
Dimitris Stathopoulos 6 aylar önce
@Aoki Aoki 28 Οκτωβρίου ξεκίνησε ο πόλεμος φίλε την αρχή γιορτάζουμε
J G 6 aylar önce
@marshall silverstar Since you mentioned his grandfather....his surname was "CERGJINI"
Aoki Aoki
Aoki Aoki 7 aylar önce
Ioannis Kapodistrias also played a prominent role in Switzerland's institutional reorganisation and in asserting Switzerland's permanent status as a neutral country.
Evelina1995 3 aylar önce
@J G You are wrong! Ioannis Kapodistrias was his real name or better say Ioannis Vitto! The father of Ioannis Kapodistrias was Italian/Slovenian mixed nobleman, his paternal grandfather was an Italian Aristocrat with surname Vitto & his surname is written in Libro D Oro the book of Aristocratic origin Venetians & even Ioannis Kapodistrias is written in Libro D' Oro! His paternal grandmother was a Slovenian woman from a wealthy Slovenian family of traders from the Slovenian port city of Kapodistria or known as today the modern Slovenian port city Kope! Kapodiastria's mother was of Greek Cypriot decent! So Ioannis Kapodistrias had a Greek Cypriot mother & an Italian/Slovenian father, he was a greatly educated & capable man & because of his 3 origins he was a polyglot also!
J G 4 aylar önce
@Aoki Aoki WIKIPEDIA MAKES NO GUARANTEE OF VALIDITY Wikipedia is an online open-content collaborative encyclopedia; that is, a voluntary association of individuals and groups working to develop a common resource of human knowledge. The structure of the project allows anyone with an Internet connection to alter its content. Please be advised that nothing found here has necessarily been reviewed by people with the expertise required to provide you with complete, accurate or reliable information. That is not to say that you will not find valuable and accurate information in Wikipedia; much of the time you will. However, Wikipedia cannot guarantee the validity of the information found here. The content of any given article may recently have been changed, vandalized, or altered by someone whose opinion does not correspond with the state of knowledge in the relevant fields. Note that most other encyclopedias and reference works also have disclaimers.
Aoki Aoki
Aoki Aoki 4 aylar önce
@J G Greek cities in Albania. From Wikipedia. Shkodër The name was first attested in antiquity in the Latin form Scodra, the Ancient Greek Σκόδρα and the Ancient Greek genitive Σκοδρινῶν (of the Skodrians), which was discovered on coins from the 2nd century BC.[4][5][6] Lezhë , it was an ancient Greek colony named Lissus. Λίσσος Durrës knwn as Epidamnos Ἐπίδαμνος and Dyrrachium Δυρράχιο Devoll Excavations at Tren cave unearthed Mycenaean Greek pottery of the Late Bronze Age. Vlorë was Aulón Αυλών Berat Antipatrea (Greek: Αντιπάτρεια) was an ancient Greek polis in the region of Epirus, now Berat. It was founded by Cassander as Antipatreia, who named it after his father Antipater at 314 BC.[4] Saranda Agioi Saranda (Greek: Άγιοι Σαράντα) Elbasan Neokastron (Νεόκαστρον "New Castle" Buthrotum was an ancient Greek and later Roman city and bishopric in Epirus. Apolonia Himara Palasë Παλάσα Palasë (also Paljasa,[1] from Greek: Παλάσα, Palasa) is a village close to the Llogara National Park in the Albanian Riviera Qeparo Kηπαρό Vouno Βουνό Peshkopi Greek Episkope Delvinë Δέλβινο Këlcyrë Byzantine Suda lexicon, writes that the Romans called the forts at the passes (Greek: Κλεισοῦραι).[7] During the Byzantine era the town was also called Klisura (Κλεισούρα) Finiq (Albanian: Finiq or Finiqi, Greek: Φοινίκη, Finiki) is a predominantly Greek-inhabited settlement, considered town or village,[ Sazan In antiquity the island was known as Sason (Σάσων) in classical Greek and mentioned by Pseudo Scylax in the Periplus.[7] Polybius Dropull (Albanian: Dropulli; Greek: Δρόπολις, Dropolis) is a municipality and a predominantly Greek-inhabited region in Gjirokastër County, in southern Albania In ancient times, the Kolonja mountain range was inhabited by the Dassaretae, a Greek tribe that belonged to the Chaonian group.[3] Gjirokastra Αργυρόκαστρο etc
Aoki Aoki
Aoki Aoki 4 aylar önce
@J G "The Greeks who live in the "minority zones" of Albania are officially recognised by the Albanian government as the Greek National Minority of Albania (Greek: Ελληνική Μειονότητα στην Αλβανία, Elliniki Mionotita stin Alvania; Albanian: Minoriteti Grek në Shqipëri).[8][9]
hardradaKaesir 7 aylar önce
You guys are amazing the way you present historical moments; i just have one question, if you could make a series out of how all balkan states gained their independence? From Bulgaria, to Romania and Serbia? It would be awesome to see that. Keep doing your best guys !
Ionut un Roman
Ionut un Roman 7 aylar önce
@Aromanian-Nationalist Well as I know, the Russians wanted to help to the point that they no longer wanted to help, to the point that they were dreaming in fact for a non independent Romania and for more Romanian land, so they could link up their territory with Constantinopol if they would have managed to conquer it. Also from what I know the Romanian army was at that time at a comparable level with the Prussian army, which was one of the best, if not the best in the world. It was Romania's intervention that gave itself independence and saved Tzar Alexander's ass in the battle angainst the Ottomans. Both the Romanian and Russian armies were led to victory by King Carol I of Romania and the Ottomans surrendered to the Romanians. This is how Romania gain independence. France did helped, yes, that is why to this day we are still thankful to France.
Aromanian-Nationalist 7 aylar önce
@Ionut un Roman with the help of russia and france
Ionut un Roman
Ionut un Roman 7 aylar önce
@Aromanian-Nationalist Romania gain independence because it fought and won against the Ottomans.
Dan Mitchell
Dan Mitchell 7 aylar önce
I disagree Bulgaria was very interesting and Byzantine and Bulgarians wars were good .
Dj_M1 7 aylar önce
@Bilbo Serbs started it first as well...
MB 7 aylar önce
I often think of my Greek ancestors and wonder If I am worthy of them. I carry their legacy, and I appreciate this channel for doing the appropriate research and showcasing this for us all to see. Thank you, Kings and Generals!
Potato Salad
Potato Salad 2 aylar önce
well if you're not infighting and ruining your country for your own gain then I'd say you're doing better than them
Theodoros Padelidis
Theodoros Padelidis 4 aylar önce
@MB i need your account with hastag becuase youtube deletes my links
MB 4 aylar önce
@Theodoros Padelidis add me
MB 4 aylar önce
@Wolf Team ok
CEREAL KILLER 7 aylar önce
The assassination of Kapodistrias marked the end of the short era of Greek politicians being independent from foreign powers as well as nationalist policies being enacted. From what I have heard, the English have not opened their archives that concern that event and the whole situation was very suspicious from the beginning.
David Axelos
David Axelos 7 aylar önce
brb 1
bushido791 7 aylar önce
The murder of Kapodistrias was one of the most tragic events in the modern history of the Greek nation, the state could have been so much more organised and rid of corruption, two factors that are to this day big issues 😕
Ziyad pepe
Ziyad pepe 7 aylar önce
My love and admiration for the Greeks is unmatched 🇱🇾🤝🇬🇷🇨🇾
Suleyman 🇸🇾
Suleyman 🇸🇾 2 aylar önce
@Ziyad pepe Same for me, as a Syrian
Ziyad pepe
Ziyad pepe 6 aylar önce
@Kas Adam Why not?.
Kas Adam
Kas Adam 6 aylar önce
Chris Nicolaou
Chris Nicolaou 7 aylar önce
Fun fact: In order to understand how much influence the foreign powers had on the new Hellenic republic the first 3 political parties were named after the three foreign powers that ''granted'' Hellas its independence.
Κρονῑ́ονος 3 aylar önce
@Yakob Ng “Turkish” influence doesn’t exist, if you mean Anatolian which was already a mix of Greek and Anatolian cultures than yes.
Kung Fu Bandas
Kung Fu Bandas 6 aylar önce
Sverige 7 Τα είχαμε κάνει στην τρίτη λυκείου στην θεωρητικη κατεύθυνση, από εκεί πήρε και το παιδί τις πληροφορίες. Αν βρεις το βιβλίο έχει και τις πηγές.
Yakob Ng
Yakob Ng 7 aylar önce
Turkish influence was even more strong though
Νίκος Κ.
Νίκος Κ. 7 aylar önce
No, they weren't officially named like that. Their opponents gave them those names, supposedly because each one of them served the interests of one of the three great powers. In practice however, each one of them often advocated or acted against the interests of the great power it supposedly represented. For example, the "French party" supported a Greek attack against the Ottomans during the Crimean war. The French were allied to the Ottomans and even sent troops to occupy Athens in order for the Greeks to not attack.
sar kal
sar kal 7 aylar önce
Fantastic video as always! After the Naval Battle of Navarino the creation of a greek state was inevitable. The only questions left to be answered were its status, independent or autonomous, and its size. Kapodistrias had therefore the titanic mission of negotiating with the Great Powers and take as much as possible. It was not an easy task since the Europeans had their one interests in the region. As mentioned in the video Wellington wanted an autonomous state restricted in the Peloponnese and until the very end viewed the entire affair as pacification of an ottoman province. On September 1828 the British, French and Russian ambassadors met on the island of Poros to discuss the future borders. Thanks to Russo-turkish war Kapodistrias succeeded in having them agree on the Ambrakikos-Pagasitikos line with the possible inclusion of Crete and Samos. Nonetheless London rejected it and a protocol signed on the British capital restricted the borders in the Peloponnese and the Cyclades. But because of Russian victories it was amended a year later. The new London Protocol accepted the Poros Conference recommendations on the borders and made the state autonomous under a hereditary christian prince. After three months of negotiations they agreed on Leopold of Saxe-Goburg-Gotha. The Sultan was forced to accept it with the Treaty of Andrianople on September, 1829. The Russian victory alarmed the British and the French who now proposed full independence. Finally on February 3rd, 1830 the Great Powers signed a new protocol in the UK that officially recognized an independent greek state with Leopold as its king. But it was not the end of the story. The German prince had an extensive correspondence with Kapodistrias and was fully aware of the bad state of Greece. This and the exclusion of Crete made him reject the offer. Kapodistrias' assassination and the July Revolution of the same year put everything on hold until the 1832 treaty of Constantinople which agreed on the more favorable Arta-Volos line and made the Bavarian prince Otto the new king. Nonetheless Crete was given to Mohammad Ali while Samos became an autonomous state under ottoman vassalage.
olcay özcan
olcay özcan 7 aylar önce
Navarino was not a naval battle. It was shame for them who attacked ottoman navy.
Mudra 7 aylar önce
The British were in general pro Ottoman and anti Russian as they were always afraid of increased Russian influence in the Mediterranean as there was a great game going on in between the British Indian Empire and the Russian Central Asian Empire.
pseudomonas03 7 aylar önce
It was great that you mentioned the naval Battle of Itea that took place in 30 September of 1827 (few days before Navarino) and drove away Ibrahim's fleet from the Gulf of Corinth, though it's important to point out a mistake. It wasn't Richard Church in charge of the Greek squadron who defeated the Egyptian fleet, but another British, personally i consider him one the most important and greatest Philllene of all, Frank Abney Hastings, commander of the the flagship "Karteria". And one important detail "Karteria" was a steam-powered warship. So in the Greek War of Independence, for the first time in the world millitary history, it was used a steam-powered ship in battle.
Mike Modugno
Mike Modugno 7 aylar önce
Just read Mark Mazower's The Greek Revolt earlier this summer. It's so great to get a video series from K&G to help internalize the information. Could we see more on the breakup of the Ottoman Empire in the Balkans, the Caucasus, and the Aegean?
Christian Martins
Christian Martins 7 aylar önce
Thanks K&G for your effort and all quality employed !We as fans thank you for being the best history creators in TRshow .By the way , what about making a remastered version of the Diadochi Wars with the Tristan Hugh of Battle of the Ancients ?
Eder manutenção e jardim
Eder manutenção e jardim 3 aylar önce
Congratulations to the heroic Greek people who fought centuries to free themselves from the Ottomans.
pan- demics
pan- demics 7 aylar önce
This video doesn't do Kapodistrias justice. It makes it seem that he was just some tyrant who came out of the blue to rule Greece. However in my opinion he was the greatest Greek to ever live, Due to his contribution to the cause,in whichever position he was in. He founded schools, museums, hospitals and made education mandatory. He also ended piracy in the Aegean. His death was one of the worst things that happened to the Greek world. Should he have lived even 5 more years, Greece would have been a completely different country
karna 4 aylar önce
duh cuz this video is not about him .
Wanka Wanka
Wanka Wanka 5 aylar önce
He knew when to act and when not to
Dial Ect
Dial Ect 6 aylar önce
@J G yes yes we the greeks are all albanians at the end!!now go to sleep and dream on!
J G 6 aylar önce
J G 6 aylar önce
skeplog 7 aylar önce
Great series. Despite the heroism, the GWOI is a very sad story. So much suffering, it's astonishing that there were surviving Greeks by the departure of Ibrahim from the Peloponnese
Aoki Aoki
Aoki Aoki 7 aylar önce
Its more astonishing that Ibrahim survived
Komninos Pasiamis
Komninos Pasiamis 7 aylar önce
Memorable battles: 1) The fall of Tripolitsa 2) The battle of Gravia Inn 3) The ambush at Dervenakia (Destruction of Dramali Pasha) 4) The siege of Mesologi , one of the most epic sieges of all time. Great battle there the battle in the small island Klisova (131 greeks vs 6000 turks and egyptians)
Prashaant Bohra
Prashaant Bohra 7 aylar önce
The last Roman Emperor Constantine XI Palaiologos played a key role in modern Greece's birth. He kept fighting till the last moment for his city, thus becoming a beacon for greeks to continue their fight for independence. Alas, the last Roman Emperor died like a true Roman 💯
Ρωμαϊκόν Πύρ
Ρωμαϊκόν Πύρ 7 aylar önce
@Link Valinor Hello, brother. I am also from Constantinople. I was born a Roman, and I will die a Roman. It is so sad how the Roman identity has been shunned in the modern Hellenic Republic.
Link Valinor
Link Valinor 7 aylar önce
@Ρωμαϊκόν Πύρ I am from Constantinople and indeed we were called Romans by Turks. We also call ourselves Romans even to this day. I am Roman and will always be. Morrior Invictus.
Ρωμαϊκόν Πύρ
Ρωμαϊκόν Πύρ 7 aylar önce
@Demetrius Stiakkogiannakes I don't care whether the western powers did not accept them as Romans. The eastern Romans themselves did accept themselves as Romans. And everybody else also accepted them as Romans. You are literally repeating Germanic propaganda. The eastern Romans would have been upset to hear you denying their Roman origins, calling them Greeks. Even they themselves knew that they had multi-ethnic origins, it is laughable to say that they were Hellenes and Byzantines when they never accepted or even used such terms. They had Roman ethnic and Roman national identity. Some Romans like Laskaris tried to argue for Greek national identity, but it was never accepted. It really is that simple.
Paul Ceglinski
Paul Ceglinski 7 aylar önce
Nothing like coffee with a new K&G video. K&G must have a huge team putting out the vids because this week there have been so many excellent vids, English Civil War, Savo Island and now Greek War of Independence. Outstanding!!
Chris Kw
Chris Kw 7 aylar önce
Like you said it my friend, coffee and K&G videos!
loods 7 aylar önce
A series like this about the Italian War of Independence would be fantastic 👌
anto 7 aylar önce
Greece: you liberated us! European powers: I wouldn't say liberated, more like under new management
Wanka Wanka
Wanka Wanka 2 aylar önce
@Tarkan he is not wrong real turks are found in central asia only
ViLLaPar0s 7 aylar önce
☽𝗞𝗮𝘄𝗮𝗶𝗶 𝗔𝗻𝗮𝘁𝗼𝗹𝗶𝗮n☾ thank you. It is for the interest of both countries to cope. Nobody likes to invest money in a future battlefield.
ViLLaPar0s 7 aylar önce
@Tarkan maybe nobody wants to admit it, because if you realize that you are brother to Greeks, none would have the moral to fight Greece in the upcoming war.
anto 7 aylar önce
@sefa why
sefa 7 aylar önce
Christianty is jewish?
Varagos 7 aylar önce
It would be greatly appreciated if Greek subtitles could be added. Thank you for this awesome series!
Threezi 7 aylar önce
@Danny Flood This account has multiple people working on it y'know, it's not just one guy. They can easily hire someone to create Greek subtitles.
Danny Flood
Danny Flood 7 aylar önce
How many languages do you expect him to speak 😂 why not help him to translate if you want the subtitles?
John G
John G 7 aylar önce
I hope you could cover the battles of this series, once you put all the episodes together or put an extra content with them since the Greek War of Independence didn't just end in 1827 as it says but continued well for at least two years with with I believe(I could be wrong though) two other battles and during the September of 1829, the Battle of Petra which was a Greek Victory ended the War of Independence.
pseudomonas03 7 aylar önce
Yes, the Greek War of Independence is concluded with the Battle of Petra in 12 September 1829, since the war continued for other two years after Navarino, with many battles taking place in order to free Central Greece.
Shirohigé newgete
Shirohigé newgete 7 aylar önce
I hope that you will provide a comprehensive coverage of the events that followed the defeat of the Ottomans in the battle of Navarino This war not only resulted in the independence of Greece, but also had other consequences for the rest of the Mediterranean countries The Ottoman fleet of the Ottoman Turkish province of north africa "Regency of Algiers" participated in the Battle of Navarino and was completely destroyed, which led to the easy French invasion of Algeria in 1830, and this led to the tension of Moroccan-French relations, which soon developed into a war (Isli War of 1844), where the Kingdom of Morocco was defeated in this war, and Morocco lost the military prestige it had gained since its victory over Portugal in the Battle of three king(Alcácer Quibir 1578) The French invasion of Ottoman Algeria and the Moroccan-French war of 1844, then the Moroccan-Spanish War of 1860, can be considered the beginning of (the scramble for Africa) and the division of the continent between the European powers. The independence of Greece also led in a way to the growth of nationalist thought in Europe and the rebellion of the peoples from the European absolute monarchies and the old laws, and this was evident in the outbreak of the Springtime of the Peoples in 1848, One of the results of the growth of the nationalist ideology (Italian and German unifications), as well as the independence of the rest of the Balkan countries, such as Serbia and Bulgaria, from the crumbling traditional empires of Austria-Hungary and the Ottomans Of course, the most important result of this thought is the assassination of the Austrian Crown Prince and the outbreak of WWI
Παυλος Χαραλαμπους
Παυλος Χαραλαμπους 7 aylar önce
Well there's a good reason why 19th century is also known as the century of revolutions French, Haiti, Bolivar rebelion , Greek revolution, Serbian, Bulgarian, the spring of people as you mentioned although I will called a stretch to connect that period with the begging of ww1 The great powers was already preparing for a great war , they just needed an excuse
Suleyman 🇸🇾
Suleyman 🇸🇾 2 aylar önce
Greece is our friend 🇸🇾❤️🇬🇷
frank s. green
frank s. green 7 aylar önce
Thanks for the video!More of modern Greek history please
His Dudeness
His Dudeness 7 aylar önce
I just realized you have never made a video on Nader Shah's indian campaign, where towards the end before the Sack of Delhi he defeated the Mughal army that outnumbered his six to one. I'd love for you to do a video on it!
Māhāmeghabahāna 7 aylar önce
Maratha sack of Delhi in 1737 would be interesting as well just 2 year before Nadar Shah sack of Delhi in 1739.
Saint Kitts Defender of Christ
Saint Kitts Defender of Christ 7 aylar önce
God Bless the Greek People!
nik pist
nik pist 7 aylar önce
Many congrats for this short yet extremely accurate video about the birth of our modern state.
Nick Macarius
Nick Macarius 7 aylar önce
"British Bromance." Absolutely love the historical terms in this video 😁👍
Geo M
Geo M 7 aylar önce
You guys are amazing , great work bring up the birth of Eastern Europe and Greece.
AllStar Lord
AllStar Lord 7 aylar önce
As a Greek, i really want to thank you for this
Theodoros Padelidis
Theodoros Padelidis 6 aylar önce
hello i own a greek culture discord server if you wanna join send me your discord account
Stanley Galaxy 567
Stanley Galaxy 567 7 aylar önce
Please make a video about the Ionian islands next time. Their history is very interesting as they were under venetian,french, British rule.
Chryselephantine 7 aylar önce
Thank you for this series. No one else has done better and I've looked. Εύγε
Saida Hamelin
Saida Hamelin 7 aylar önce
Really enjoyed this. The colours are so vibrant in the artwork. Another tip-top production.
Great video, great series. Looking forward for more!!
MagnusRex 7 aylar önce
If anyone wants to know what followed i will share some history. Due to the fact that King Otto was underaged the Great Powers decided that a reagency should rule the Kingdom of Greece until the king comes of age. This roughly lasted about 3 years. The harsh reality is that the greek people were all but free in those 3 years as the reagency was was an almost tyranical resime that impossed their will by imprisoning, torturing and sentecing to death all those who did not agree to their way of rule. In all this plight the King had no say and could do nothing to help the situation (though little changed when he assumed power). Furthermore, the main bulk of the millitary and the city patrol of the capital (now Athens) was of bavarian soldiers and not greek, making easy to understand how this situation played out in the minds of the greek population. Ultimately King Otto was forced to ubdicate in 1862 by a revolutionary greek force. The Great Powers then decided to give the crown this time to a dannish Prince who became King George I and had a relatively successful reigh from 1863 to 1913 when he was assassinated.
Alvise Ossena
Alvise Ossena 7 aylar önce
Will you also do a documentary about the Italian Unification? I think that the risorgimento is full of really interesting battles, like Solferino, Milazzo or Volturno
William Davis
William Davis 7 aylar önce
I'm not sure what I'm looking more forward to. Another amazing video by Kings and Generals or the war that is to come in these comments sections. Lets go!!!!
Νικηταράς 7 aylar önce
The desire for influence within the new state of Greece is under-highlighted. For example, it was the French (with British consideration) who arranged for members of the Mavromichali family to assassinate Kapodistrias, promising their family to rise as autocrats thus replacing the capable diplomat. There would be no Greek state if Kapodistrias was not successful in his Russian campaign, convincing Tsar Nicholas to enter the war in Greece’s favour. Whilst Greeks should forever be thankful to its Philhellenes whose efforts were largely selfless, the governments of the British and French commonwealths are in large part to blame for the chaos which young Greece experienced during the years of revolution and shortly thereafter. Particularly the government in London, which profited from immensely high interest rates they imposed on the financially devastated revolutionary nation. In addition to gaining independence, the Kingdom of Greece was still beholden to the Ottoman sultanate for several years; paying the Ottomans reparations for lands lost. There is so much in the fine print of this history. K&G thanks for covering this subject!
Nikos Tombris
Nikos Tombris 7 aylar önce
It should be said that the last battle in the war of independence took place in 1829 at a place called Petra in Biotia resulting in Hellenic victory.
Mohamad Abdo
Mohamad Abdo 7 aylar önce
That's a great episode! Would you consider doing the civil war in the mount lebanon in 1830-1840? And discuss the issues between that time and 1975? Then do the lebanese civil war 1975-1990? It's a bunch of very volatile wars that have lots of politics and religious tensions...
Arolema Prarath
Arolema Prarath 7 aylar önce
@Mohamad Abdo no
Mohamad Abdo
Mohamad Abdo 7 aylar önce
If you think youd need them I can provide you my email
Mohamad Abdo
Mohamad Abdo 7 aylar önce
I have lots of resources that are legit, unlike the official curriculum of history school courses and are drawn from embassies archives
nermain merl
nermain merl 7 aylar önce
Go Greece
Gavin Smith
Gavin Smith 7 aylar önce
Just a minor correction: The French flag wasn't the Tricolor in 1827. It would have been the white Bourbon flag, the July Revolution hadn't happened yet.
Charlie Tibbs
Charlie Tibbs 7 aylar önce
Brilliant documentary as usual
Gabriel Dweik
Gabriel Dweik 7 aylar önce
Of course it’s kings and generals
cram w
cram w 7 aylar önce
Great way to start my holiday in Greece
Theodoros Padelidis
Theodoros Padelidis 6 aylar önce
@UltimatePotato Dude hello i own a greek culture discord server if you wanna join send me your discord account
Theodoros Padelidis
Theodoros Padelidis 6 aylar önce
@Boogie_Bubble hello i own a greek culture discord server if you wanna join send me your discord account
UltimatePotato Dude
UltimatePotato Dude 7 aylar önce
@cram w Please visit Nafplion. It is the first capital of the Greek state, and the most beautiful town in mainland Greece. There's the amazing Venetian fortresses of Mpourtzi and Palamidi (where Kolokotronis was imprisoned by his enemies). Also in the Church of Saint Spyridon, you can still see the bullethole from the gun that killed Ioannis Kapodistrias. Excellent food, beaches and weather are guaranteed :)))
Boogie_Bubble 7 aylar önce
@cram w If "from here" you mean Greece , yes sir , i am Greek. 🙂
cram w
cram w 7 aylar önce
@Boogie_Bubble are you from here?
Frédéric Tremblay
Frédéric Tremblay 7 aylar önce
Very good vid as usual. Small complain, on the computer it's fine, but on mobile, the small print with some additional facts are not visible to my old eyes. They are very cool, but very difficult to read and I guess I'm not the only one. Thank you
William Davis
William Davis 7 aylar önce
Dear Greeks we would like to applaud your brave efforts to gain independence from the Ottoman Sultan. As a gift we would like to send a German king to rule this new country.
Nassos Ster
Nassos Ster 7 aylar önce
Thank you for a great documentary and a great channel in general
Mohammad Ali
Mohammad Ali 7 aylar önce
amazing and rich series thank you guys for the detailed work
H :
H : 7 aylar önce
It was very nice, I would like to add a few of things. The frigate Hellas was burnt by the Hydriot admiral Andreas Miaoulis. Something that later had regretted. Great Powers and especially Great Britain had already decided that Greece would become a kingdom since the protocol of London in 1830. That means that Britain had already overthrown Kapodistrias. For Britain and France Kapodistrias was a Russian agent, so they couldn't afford him. According to professor Dimitrios Stathakopoulos this was a very important blow for the legitimacy of Kapodistrias. There are many other sources in Greece which they doubt the official narration of his assassination. It was a critical blow for Greece and it seems that even if he had made many internal enemies, he was beloved by the people, because one of the assassins Konstantinos Mauronihalis was caught by the people and literally cut him to pieces. The other Georgios Mavromichalis ended up in French embassy. The French ambassador was forced to surrender him, even if he didnt want, under the pressure of the crowd, which was threatened to enter violently in the embassy. Overall Greeks are born to decide democracy for themselves, even in the darkest eras.
Askeladd 7 aylar önce
This was beginning of the end of the Ottoman Empire as other nations would follow in liberation movements further fragmentizing the remaining ottoman territories. These liberation movements would also draw powerful Western nations into Ottoman affairs and would intensify into the next century leading to the end of the Ottoman Empire in the 1920s.
Ufuk Adamı
Ufuk Adamı 7 aylar önce
@Enes Uçar logical...
Enes Uçar
Enes Uçar 7 aylar önce
@Ufuk Adamı This made my day :D
Ufuk Adamı
Ufuk Adamı 7 aylar önce
@Hermes Psychopompos You are not greek. You are speaking rumezi language and are of african origin.
pseudomonas03 7 aylar önce
Thanks again very much for the video and the great work and effort you put to cover the Greek War of Independence. Ioannis Kapodistrias was ironically the first and by far the greatest political leader that the new Greek State had since nowdays. His work was immense. Economy, education, the reform of the Greek army forces so they could liberate Central Greece with the Battle of Petra of Boetia in 12 September 1829 conclunding victoriously the War of Independence. Unfortunately Kapodistrias's assasinaton was the last chance of Greece to become a truely independent state.
pseudomonas03 7 aylar önce
@Cecilia Venizelos is second to Kapodistrias. Because Kapodistrias had to build a state from the absolute zero. After Kapodistrias and Venizelos, there are no other political leaders of Greece.
Cecilia 7 aylar önce
What of him vs venizelos
pseudomonas03 7 aylar önce
@Arda Without independence there is not truely freedom.
pseudomonas03 7 aylar önce
@Roomz With A View Kapodistrias's assasination is a complicated story, with the Great Powers being involved as well. But as we Greeks say, "we take out our eyes, with our own hands".
Babur Mansurkhanov
Babur Mansurkhanov 7 aylar önce
Greece is a historic and revered country, especially ancient Greece. The Greeks are one of the rings with the most amazing history. Respect to Greece...🇬🇷🇬🇷🇬🇷
Ioannis Kardasis
Ioannis Kardasis 7 aylar önce
A very accurate description of the events of that era. In other words Greeks brought Kapodistrias to Greece and then killed him. These are the greeks, always fighting between them, only to be united against external common enemies
Owen Mindzak
Owen Mindzak 4 aylar önce
@JasTheKariol great point except the Ukrain-Russian war was instigated by Russia
JasTheKariol 4 aylar önce
Relax. There are tensions in every country, it's just that foreign powers capitalize on the tensions existing in specific geostratigic countries. Kapodistrias's assasination was instigated by the British. Ukraine's current fight against Russia was instigated by the U.S. Yes Greeks don't come easily to terms with another opinion, but they have been historically (for the most part and until this day) governed by marionettes of greater powers.
Nguyên Hoàng
Nguyên Hoàng 7 aylar önce
I really like the added humor in this series.
Áron Lengyel
Áron Lengyel 7 aylar önce
I would really love to see a hungarian war for independence 1848
foxhoundGR28 7 aylar önce
Excellent video , you must continue the series until the minor asia catastrophe
Doge of clans
Doge of clans 7 aylar önce
Love all of your videos idk how you make so many in such short time periods tho. Especially since their of star quality.
Uzair Ahmed
Uzair Ahmed 7 aylar önce
Fantastic video keep it up your doing amazing job
paper toys
paper toys 7 aylar önce
In this video it is being explained the reason why Great Britain and France changed their mind and demanded the Sultan for an autonomous Greece (14:09), one not under any influence of the Russian Tsar. Kapodistrias served as the Foreign Minister of the Russian Empire, a *very* successful one too. It should *also be noted* that the British files about Kapodistrias, *after 200 years, they are not yet declassified.* So, despite all odds and claims, there're still reasons why there should be *a debate* on who was responsible for J.Kapodistrias' assassination, and thus on who actually did killed him, as the two members of Mavromichalis family that were charged never did they accepted the accusations, *whereas* the "mafia-like clan" called in this video, *would have used simple/unknown people to publicly(!) assassinate Kapodistrias, and surely not the most respected members of the Mavromichalis family which they lost.* Kapodistrias' assassination was indeed a triple hit: one to (of course) Kapodistrias who he was Greece's most promising political asset and one of the most distinguished politicians and diplomats of Europe; one to the most fighting experienced Greek tribe (the Maniots), with influence to warlords, which gave it all to the Greek Cause (Mavromichalis family as all Maniot familes came decimated out of this war) and who demanded political and financial autonomy (they were wrong demanding it if you ask me - nontheless they did) a hit which devasted the Mavromichalis family which couldnt influence the Greek matters anymore; and of course the third hit was to Greece itself, as, with Kapodistrias and the Maniots out of the way, the two great Powers managed to impose their own regime in Greece keeping it in total control. Freedom is not granted for free, surely not back then...
Dillon Britt
Dillon Britt 7 aylar önce
I find it interesting that you used the word Titians referring to Britain and France with Greece. Because usually the word Titian with Greece involves Kronos and Zues and the rest of the Gods.
MumbleMaster 7 aylar önce
If you know anything about the Greek City States in ancient times, that guy in the south being like Fuck off with these taxes and governors we’ll rule ourselves is the most Greek thing ever. Being subjected by so many empires for so long they never truly lost that ancient fire.
Nikhil guleria
Nikhil guleria 7 aylar önce
You should do the battle of Sammel Such an epic tale
dred2626 7 aylar önce
Make a video on the belgian revolution, please!
Hendrik van Nassau-Ouwerkerk
Hendrik van Nassau-Ouwerkerk 7 aylar önce
Quite interesting that Dutch people have had such an influence on the Russian navy
TheColombianSpartan 6 aylar önce
Church's redemption arc and bromance with Kolokotronis were the best arcs here
John Soulou
John Soulou 7 aylar önce
Another great video. Keep up the good work..
Ahmet Göktuğ Sakıncı
Ahmet Göktuğ Sakıncı 18 gün önce
As a Turkish, I would like to say thank you @Kings and Generals for this informative and objective series. It looks like Ottoman's have made every military and diplomatic mistake that is possible in the book. They not only lost lands but weakened against Russia and other superpowers. In my opinion, they had better accepted the treaty in the first video that gives Greek's autonomy. They wouldn't lose much tax but could have saved many troops and gold that they didn't have. Greek's fought bravely and strategically to achieve independence. It looks like Greek's got the international support they long anticipated not because superpowers acknowledge their cause, but to ensure it will stay under their management while doomed Ottomans were living their final years. I just want to correct a mistake that I have spotted. The flag you have used as Ottoman is actually the Turkish Republic flag that wasn't used until 1923. Meanwhile, it would be great if you can make a series about the Turkish Independence war too.
Proudas Omgman
Proudas Omgman 6 aylar önce
Greece is back. Long live Greece! Blessed land...
mav333 7 aylar önce
Can you do a video of Nader Shah? The Persian Napoleon would stretch the Persian Empire, while the Greeks had been an Ottoman province.
David Edbrooke
David Edbrooke 7 aylar önce
Codrington is still honoured every year in Pylos, the ottomans were murdering the Greeks in the Peloponnese with the aim of transporting Egyptians to populate it.
santusantu rohit
santusantu rohit 6 aylar önce
Hey Guys,what are your view on Morava-Vardar water way connecting Balkan nations with Greece by passing Turkey and Black sea?
Abacaxi Satânico
Abacaxi Satânico 7 aylar önce
Next one; Greek expansion to it's current borders
Tasos Alexiadis
Tasos Alexiadis 7 aylar önce
It will need to involve 4 major wars up to the end of WWII, so it will need a series of videos.
John Doe
John Doe 7 aylar önce
Thank you so much for these videos!
Panagiotis Bles
Panagiotis Bles 7 aylar önce
Hey Kings and Generals can you please make a video especially for the battle of dervenakia
para sf
para sf 3 aylar önce
Congratulations Greece..
Alexandros Panagiotou
Alexandros Panagiotou 7 aylar önce
Excellent Job, Bravo!
ALPHA& OMEGA 7 aylar önce
Great video again from this Channel, Just my humble opinion the title should say part 4 and the last videos with the same subject parts 1,2,3 because many of my friends thought it is only one Video about the Greek revolution.
Theodoros Padelidis
Theodoros Padelidis 6 aylar önce
hello i own a greek culture discord server if you wanna join send me your discord account
Nikos Tzim
Nikos Tzim 7 aylar önce
διηνέκις sparta
διηνέκις sparta 6 aylar önce
you are a philellinas and this is a honor for you and for us
Giannis Grats
Giannis Grats 7 aylar önce
It is always interesting for me as greek to see an impartial documentary related to our national struggles and wars. In every nation the history that is taught is not impartial and its cause is mostly to create a national spirit by describing glorious achievements rather the real backstabbing etc. For that reason and also for the excellent job that you do in this channel thank you!
Δημητρης Γιαγκουδης
Δημητρης Γιαγκουδης 6 aylar önce
From wgat I remember from university the historiography is also extremely biased as well, not just what is presented in schools. It's mostly either nationalists that idealise what happened or communists that downgrade the national and ethnic character of the rebellion and focus on the social. From what I have seen this period of history is used as a means to reinforce political propaganda even amongst researchers.
Niki M
Niki M 6 aylar önce
The older generation were taught of the betrayals and backstabbings throughout their school years. I leant and heard these stories from my parents... Not sure what is happening with current education system for history in Greece!
luis moroni gajardo aros
luis moroni gajardo aros 7 aylar önce
Please do the war of the pacific between Chile, Peru and Bolivia
Πατούλης Φίλιππος
Πατούλης Φίλιππος 6 aylar önce
As a Greek friend, I thank you greatly for those series and more. I learned much from you. But I think that you have make a mistake. Kapodistrian never sink frigate Hellas. Miaoulis (leader of Greek rebellion fleet amd supporter of Hydriot assembly) sunk it. Hellas was a new frigate of national Greek fleet under Kapodistrian's generals. Many years later Miaoulis said: "I am so sorry for the sunk of Hellas. It was a great mistake". Fun fact Miaoulis had been caught by Nelson's ship when he was returning from Napoleon's France where he had delivered many tons of food. (Many Greeks became rich and strong by bypass British fleet and giving supplies to France). When Miaoulis caught by Nelson, Nelson asked him: "If you were me, how you would punish a captain who bypass my ships and gives supplies to my enemmy?" And Miaoulis said: "I would hang him at the tallest part of the ship" Nelson was so enthousiast from Miaoulis response that he let him free
Theodoros Padelidis
Theodoros Padelidis 6 aylar önce
hello i own a greek culture discord server if you wanna join send me your discord account
theodoros meliadis
theodoros meliadis 7 aylar önce
The admiral Miaoulis, sunk the frigate Hellas and an other ship, not Kapodistrias
theodoros meliadis
theodoros meliadis 7 aylar önce
Αnd dishonoured his name in Hellenic history..
Christoforos Papakonstantinou
Christoforos Papakonstantinou 7 aylar önce
Ioannis Kapodistrias I dubbed him the father of modern Greece, he was a true Greek patriot and the best Greek politician/statesman since independence.
Fatih Çambel
Fatih Çambel 7 aylar önce
Great job 👍 it is hard making a video every two days
Ivan F.
Ivan F. 7 aylar önce
Much love to Greeks from Italy 🇮🇹❤️🇬🇷🇨🇾 Eleftheria i thanatos
Theodoros Padelidis
Theodoros Padelidis 6 aylar önce
hello i own a greek italian culture discord server if you wanna join send me your discord account
Vlad Dracul
Vlad Dracul 7 aylar önce
Been waiting for the next video. Thanks for delivering 👍
John Bannon
John Bannon 7 aylar önce
GREAT VIDEO!!...I leaned a couple of things that I did NOT KNOW!!.....Thanks...K & G!!!!!!!
cjkmaster 7 aylar önce
Can you cover the rest of the independence wars involving the Ottomans?
Charles Larrivee
Charles Larrivee 7 aylar önce
If the British and French Navies in the Age of Sail could cooperate for a common goal, then there's hope for the rest of us 😊
Shadow Realm
Shadow Realm 7 aylar önce
the drawings are always so beautiful .thank you for sharing
paulsh20 7 aylar önce
Based Greeks they managed to deafeat a larger power even though they outnumbered them in every battle and then the ottomans had to ask help from their vassal to get them stopped
paulsh20 6 aylar önce
@Piyasa Bülteni I do get your point as well but the thing is not all of the Turks have greek origins there many who have armenian arabic and some have actual routes and let's not forget the 21 percent Kurds and the other immigrants. Obviously not all of the Greeks are pure blood I never said we all are 100 percent Greeks unlike the Albanians who bealive that but am pretty sure the majority has greek blood and lastly you said Turks are the true inheritors of the greek culture well honestly am kinda suprised to hear that and it is true that Turks have a lot of greek cities and monuments but they don't speak the greek languege and they don't learn greek history if you want to admire greek history I have no problem with that but am pretty sure the majority of Turks think the Turkish rare is superior and the greek race has bad history
Piyasa Bülteni
Piyasa Bülteni 6 aylar önce
@paulsh20 I get your point, so turks are mixed but greeks are somehow pure for thousands of years. your logic goes both ways, if you call "modern anatolians" somehow greek, with the same logic I can call modern greeks as christian turks. because the only difference between two people is religion. And with the same logic, modern anatolians which prefer calling themselves turks, are true inheritors of ancient civilizations, just as modern greeks. therefore the whole national narrative of modern greeks collapse with your logic.
paulsh20 6 aylar önce
@Piyasa Bülteni lol Turks in the way you think it it's not a race the only Turks are in Asia even in DNA test "Turks " of turkey are counted as modern Anatolians so I didn't proved your point for sure you are just confused
Piyasa Bülteni
Piyasa Bülteni 6 aylar önce
@paulsh20 you've proven my point, thats why today's greeks are christian turks.
paulsh20 6 aylar önce
@Piyasa Bülteni thats wrong Turks weren't even that much most of the population of the ottoman empire were other ethnicities Anatolia was full of Greeks and Turks preferred hooking up with greek women apparently many Turks who do DNA tests are mostly greek. Also it was 400 years
Christian Bloodsworth
Christian Bloodsworth 7 aylar önce
They really went from being ruled by the Ottomans to being ruled by a man named Otto
Detective Conan
Detective Conan 7 aylar önce
Stilian Jordanov
Stilian Jordanov 7 aylar önce
@Kings and Generals can you please make a series about the 1876 Bulgarian Uprising against the Ottoman rule over them?