536 AD: The Ancient Climate Catastrophe That Crippled The Globe | Catastrophe | Timeline

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Timeline - World History Documentaries

Timeline - World History Documentaries

Gün önce

Researching a climatic catastrophe that rocked the Earth in A.D. 535, causing two years of darkness, famine, drought and disease.
Written records from China, Italy, Palestine and many other countries suggest a huge catastrophe blighted the world in 535AD. But the cause of it has been uncertain.
Was it a comet? An asteroid? A volcano? Archaeologist David Keys reveals the latter is to blame for the Dark Ages of famine and plague that shaped the world order of today.
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@tenkloosterherman Yıl önce
The Eruption of the Tambora in 1815 was pretty impressive too. It is reckoned to be the largest explosion in recorded history and ejected around 200 cubic kilometres of volcanic dust into the atmosphere. It caused worldwide climate change for years and resulted in the worst famine of the century.
@abbysapples1225 Yıl önce
That's called the year with out a summer to most older famers. My friend and his friends are farmers in Pennsylvania and they often spoke about this event not that they experienced it but when you're doing a certain occupation you know the history of it.
@MartijnHover Yıl önce
Not to mention that it brought us the story of Frankenstein. 🙂
@MartijnHover Yıl önce
@@larrydifran Unlike you, not being a climate scientist and thus being aware of all the factrs, because you have read them on the internet? 😀😀😀
@alexm566 Yıl önce
shows how little we are compared to nature..all our pollution in an entire year is only a tiny insignificant fraction of what nature decides to do without any warning randomly..
@mary-louellenaroberts3932 Yıl önce
These types of scientists like this guy who painstakingly studied and entered all that tree ring info into a computer program over decades is invaluable information. It amazes me.
@donaldkasper8346 11 aylar önce
They have been trying to figure out signals in tree ring data for 125 years. That mathematician did nothing new. Maybe applied signal processing.
@donaldkasper8346 10 aylar önce
For over 100 years tree rings were only studied for a gross idea of rainfall. The concept that you could beat on tree ring data to maybe get a signal of summer temperatures for some pines in Norway and Canada, is one of those speculative shitholes that became natural law over time. Dozens of things affect tree rings, so getting temperature out might work if vast error is okay, but only conceptually became biothermometers to climatic crackpots recently to say what they want. In a signal of random noise, making conclusions of what you see is political.
@malliemartin8696 10 aylar önce
Where do they get a tree that is thousands years old and how do they know old it is?
@davidfisher5140 Yıl önce
A key question to ask is how these mega volcanos erupting at known points in history (535, 1815 & 1883) affected world climate patterns not only in terms of sunlight & temperature, but also in terms of precipitation & ice accumulation.
@lbburgett Yıl önce
Volcanoes cool the surface of the Earth briefly because tiny aerosol particles are spewed high into the stratosphere and reflect sunlight back out to space, but this effect only lasts maybe 1 year.
@davidfisher5140 Yıl önce
@@lbburgett Partially true. ALSO, they can raise the temperature in some areas by trapping heated air. You might want to look into more recent science on that issue, stuff in the past 30 years. We have excellent scientific support for up to 3 years of effects from the largest volcanoes. It is a developing field though, so information may change in the near future, again.
@davidfisher5140 Yıl önce
​@@lbburgett If solar radiations sufficiently are occluded, then vast amounts of soil erosion & deforestation may occur in some areas, but not in others affected by the same volcano due to topographic & vegetative cover differences. If you look at recent research (mostly in Africa) regarding forests & rainfall patterns, you can see how world weather patterns can be easily affected, even wind patterns.
@mr.k1611 Yıl önce
Volcano goes boom...
@alignwithsource Yıl önce
@@mr.k1611 … 🤣
@maxinefreeman8858 Yıl önce
I'm always amazed what our ancestors came through. Wars, famines, diseases like the Bubonic Plague and others plagues.
@valentinius62 Yıl önce
So did millions of other species. We're not as special as we'd like to think. But I guess that egotistical arrogance is part of our survival strategy.
@JustMr0 Yıl önce
@@valentinius62 it’s estimated that 99.9 of all species that have existed are extinct.. And none of others still around can post comments so 🤷🏻 annnnd we’re one of the few animals with a concept of “self” so it would be remarkable if we weren’t egotistical.
@valentinius62 Yıl önce
@@JustMr0 Yes. "I'm too important and special to die!" 😢 🤣 Well, fungi, bacteria, plants, and cockroaches have been around way longer than we have. We've been fortunate that more physically powerful animals don't particularly like the way we taste. I think that's what gave us a leg up on survival by allowing our ancestors to come down from the trees. Ever try to make a stone-tipped spear or build a fire while sitting on a tree branch? Yeah. Me, neither. Sheer luck. But we believe we are the Chosen of God. LOL
@Benmeglei1 2 aylar önce
That’s nothing compared to…..misgendering. 🤨
@kueapel911 21 gün önce
​@@valentinius62 then why are you speaking as if your opinion matters? If none within you can be referred as "chosen by god" then under what concept are you expressing your idea? It certainly is new, that concept of "chosen by god" being applied to all human being. Historically speaking, common people never had such luxury. Commoners have always been the subject for their kings. You're making light of humanity, but your action most certainly does not reflect that. Such irony it is to call humanity as mere lucky coincidence, nothing more than other animals, while you're out there expressing your opinion like it matters more than a cow nibbling on grass. Conceptually speaking, that argument is flawed on the fundamental level.
@chuckhartey9349 9 gün önce
Hats off to all the human beings that endured such a horrific time in our earths history!
@mikloskallo9046 21 gün önce
Some added details from Wikipedia: The storms and unseasonably cold weather resulted in 1816 being referred to as the Year Without a Summer. It is now known that the exceptional global weather conditions that year were caused by the volcanic eruption of Mount Tambora in Indonesia. The Villa Diodati is a mansion in the village of Cologny near Lake Geneva in Switzerland, notable because Lord Byron rented it and stayed there with Dr. John Polidori in the summer of 1816. Mary Shelley, Percy Bysshe Shelley, and Mary’s stepsister Claire Clairmont, who had rented a house nearby, were frequent visitors. Because of poor weather, in June 1816 the group famously spent three days together inside the house creating stories to tell each other, two of which were developed into landmark works of the Gothic horror genre: Frankenstein by Mary Shelley and The Vampyre, the first modern vampire story, by Polidori.
@joe_hoeller_chicago Yıl önce
I love all these science based documentaries by Timeline. Some of the last quality left on TRshow for this genre.
@Paul4Krista20 Yıl önce
@GrumpyOldFart2 Yıl önce
I really wish they would do one on the Santorini (Thera) blast. It’s fascinating; there’s a possibility (comparing it to Egyptian writings of the time) that it might have contributed to certain writings in the bible. Another huge huge eruption.
@LL-cs2tr Yıl önce
Try Archaix channel
@carama3590 Yıl önce
You may like Mind unveiled channel or the Archaix channel very interesting . Enjoy!
@carama3590 Yıl önce
Try researching when the moon showed up. Native Americans speak a lot about this and why they were removed. Interesting to say the least. Revisionale history? Mud flood, etc.
@matthewlawlis2421 Yıl önce
Its amazing what a Volcano has the capability of doing. Remember the one in Iceland back in 2010? That thing wasn't that huge, yet it screwed up the air so bad that European travel was on lock down for weeks. Plus the area was under black clouds for such a long time that crops died. Imagine what a volcano eruption the size of the one they are talking about would look like.
@debbiehauser4446 Yıl önce
Mount Helena USA
@jasonbrown3632 Yıl önce
@@debbiehauser4446 Mount St. Helens, Washington was nothing compared to Tampora or even the 2010 eruption...it barely made a dent in air traffic...My grandmother lived just a couple hundred miles away from it and she had a front row seat when it blew both times, and I remember getting a light dusting a week or 2 after when I lived in Calgary Alberta...
@johnryan527 11 aylar önce
Yellstone the biggest fan of it's. Power is. ME. D POWER
@CookieDragon-sr8yw 10 aylar önce
I believe the volcano responsible is called "Eyjaffjallajokull".
@fredwillemse Yıl önce
I love how all the reactions/comments/experiences inspire me to research more. The comments pointed me to eruptions I never heard of before, human history I never knew of. This is a very inspirational documentary which shows science at its best.
@joejones9520 Yıl önce
comment sections are an important learning tool, I think a lot of people dont realize this.
@johnrickman4026 11 aylar önce
An area and condition I have never seen mentioned or explored is the area around the southern shores of lake Erir the 80 plus miles of I 90 classified as the NY toll way where deep layers of iron type deposits are exposed by stream erosion and human excavations.Finding how these powdery bands of heavy iron deposits were made might provide clues as the history of earth,s comets or Nibiru's iron clouds impacted and the Climate changes.
@RedDeckRedemption 11 aylar önce
I've recently started contemplating one that is normally discarded by modern scientist, the Great flood. And the science that surrounds the concept of such an event. We often toss it out since its "just a bible story" , even though Sumarian and other ancient cultures also mention it. even christians dont even read what was actually written correctly. It did not just "rain enough in 40 days to literally flood the world above the heights of mountains" that's silly and doesn't have logical sense. The actual quote from Genesis is "the fountains of the great deep were opened up, the windows of heaven were opened up, and the rain was upon the earth 40 days and 40 nights" the 40 days of rain came AFTER 2 other events. The fountains of the deep = volcanic events, and the "windows of heaven (heaven in scripture usually refers to outer space, not the afterlife) = meteors It was a far bigger geological event that is very plausible, and fascinating to estslish the idea as hypothesis, then dive into evidence that supports it. A meteor a mile wide hitting directly into the ocean alone would flood mountains with the scale of tsunami created by it.
@reneedavis7132 11 aylar önce
Watch magnetic reversal and Oppenheimer ranch best info out there
@jammiecg0001 Yıl önce
Amazing how a person would spend many years of their life deeply investigating a mystery just out of curiosity, that most people would find completely trivial, the hallmark of a good scientist.
@victoriameyers5870 Yıl önce
What I find interesting is the state of his home library - a mess! Yes, this is a man obsessed! And he solved it!
@arifb222 Yıl önce
It's also an effort of cementing oneself in the annals of history
@davidlafleche1142 11 aylar önce
...and this was caused entirely by nature, not by man.
@thumper88888 11 aylar önce
That, and a generous grant
@WilliamNordeste 11 aylar önce
He says only 3 reasons why it happened. How about God's judgment on sinful earth?
@briskettacos 17 gün önce
Thank you to all the scientists who put the pieces together. Y'all rock.
@alicedrozario4085 9 aylar önce
This is one of the most exciting and informative documentary I've seen. Very interesting and extremely impressive how this event was decoded. Hats off to everyone.
@susanprendergast7384 Yıl önce
About a third of the way through, I said to myself: "If they don't mention Krakatoa, I will be sorely disappointed." A fabulous film, this is the best documentary I've seen. Really beautifully done, both in information and style. Years with no sun! Sparked the Dark Ages, I believe. See my analogy! is both on and off the money. "Sparking" something so dark is oxymoronic. But volcanoes are the biggest sparks around.
@anonymouscrank Yıl önce
I thought they'd mention Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines. Its eruption in 1991 allowed us to watch volcanic impact on global weather in real time.
@valentin5403 18 gün önce
The documentary presents all like it is a result of one man"s research. It is not. And now we know the answer, it is easier to reason backward by excluding the other logical possibility first.... The history of getting to the truth is usually more complicated.... Take another example, the dinosaurs' demise 60mil years ago.
@allanbellamy9031 7 gün önce
​@anonymouscrank That's correct and had an impact on Global temperature for several
@kennylong7281 Yıl önce
I will never forget the summer of 1984, in Germany. After having lived in Germany for 20 years, I suddenly experienced a year with no summer at all, with heavy clouds, and overcast; no sun at all! The spring rains just continued right through June, and July. In fact, the rain continued every day, until mid September, when we had about 10 days without rain, and then it started to rain again. The whole year had been cold, and miserable. That autumn, I stood watching as the rain kept falling until, on 3 November, the rain drops suddenly turned into snowflakes! The following winter had heavy snows, right up into April. We saw the first real sunshine in May of 1985. 1984 had been preceded by several significant volcanic eruptions, in Kilauea, and in Alaska, Europe, and Asia, which continued into the early weeks of 1984.
@davidebratton Yıl önce
Climate change Ha Ha. The end of the world .
@davidlafleche1142 Yıl önce
That was likely caused by the eruption of Mount St. Helens, which was very active in the 1980s.
@frostyjim2633 Yıl önce
I was in America in 1984 and nothing unusual happened there
@frostyjim2633 Yıl önce
@@davidebratton It all started when they stopped teaching the story of Chicken Little in the schools
@TomKappeln Yıl önce
Hi Kenny ! German guy from close to Friedberg/Frankfurt here. YOU ARE ABSOLUTELY RIGHT ! 84 i turned 18 and had my first Motorbike an could not use it ! Hugs from Poland (where i live now since 2019) PS: Where did you live that time in Germany ? I know a LOT of GI's from Friedberg and Giessen from this time. XOXO
@UQRXD 9 aylar önce
The oldest recorded living tree on record is a Great Bristlecone pine, believed to have a lifespan of over 5,000 years. Located in the White Mountains of California, this unnamed tree is considered the oldest living tree in the world.
@typhon800 22 gün önce
After Henry Kissinger and Nancy Pelosi 😊
@Chaos3183 11 aylar önce
Crazy how it takes all these various disciplines to come together to solve a simple question …what happened to make the trees not grow so well in mid 500 AD. I love science cause none of this would have been possible without other scientist researching their own curiosities. Who knows how or when this slice of knowledge will be useful to some other scientist some where.
@janetbateman7053 Yıl önce
From trees in Europe to the tropics. Everything about this documentary was outstanding.
@willo7734 17 gün önce
This is one of the best documentaries I’ve seen in a while. I’m in awe of the scientists that have collected all this data and painstakingly put it together. They are the some of the best of humanity. I hope we as a species continue our focus in science and our endless curiosity to know more about the world around us.
@georgesheffield1580 14 gün önce
The proper use of computers
@Warriorking.1963 Yıl önce
Excellent documentary! The island blowing itself apart at the end was extremely well done. Whoever was in charge of the SFX on this deserves an award.
@fidelcatsro6948 Yıl önce
I concur.
@fidelcatsro6948 Yıl önce
@@repentandbelieveinjesuschr9495 nope Jesus is not God
@AcidFlash123 Yıl önce
@@fidelcatsro6948 Don't the Catholics believe in the Holy Trinity? The Father, the Son and the Holy Ghostbuster.
@davekoenig9935 Yıl önce
Prof Lowenstein of YVO says there were two kabooms. The 450 AD killed off the Roman Republic in the West. Then a monster 530 AD one sent ash all around the world. The Goths were invited into Roma, to get those souls out from under a 13 year build up of the yearly Capita Tax. So hail Odoracer, King of Rome, and forget the 800 year old Republic. By 530, the Goths had been chased into Iberia, by Byzantines based at Ravenna at the mouth of the Po and so they missed c out on the worst of this volcanic winter.
@hilakummins3104 17 gün önce
​@@davekoenig9935haven't a CLUE what you're talking about but you've convinced me! Well done 😅
@richardloewen7177 Yıl önce
Going back in time, we see large climatic rhythms. A deep temp trough with the worst being the 1600s. Where floe ice so tightly surrounded Iceland, one year, that fishing fleets couldn't leave Reykjavik that year. Long-term cooling had already been underway for centuries. But a recent study suggests an exacerbating factor: the 1500s-early 1600s death of many Amerindians, their farm land reverting to forests, creating a giant carbon sink, chilling the atmosphere. Farther back in time is a long warm spell. Vikings lived in Greenland--in land-based agriculture, with enough grass for their herds--for 4 centuries. They even had trees. Going back roughly a 1000 more years is Hadrian's Wall, with nearby vineyards.That was the peak of Roman Empire power, in a several-centuries warm spell. In between--related to this documentary--was a long-term cold spell. That was under way well before 536AD. Goths, Visigoths, and Vandals invaded Western Europe, because of cooling-related lost grazing land, a century earlier. Starting the dark ages, back then. But the 536AD event, making a cold era even colder, would have exacerbated the cold trend. Making the dark ages even darker. Very catastrophic, to already infrastructure-weakened European peoples.
@shimmyshimmyko-ko-bop594 Yıl önce
The idea that changes in the miniscule amount of cultivation accomplished by amerindians could affect global weather patterns is laughable. Cultivation by these primitive people was exclusively limited to stream banks and flood plains. It wasn't anything close to the near-industrial farming performed in Europe at the same time.
@eros4211 Yıl önce
Our species would've went extinct if not for the short time frame and the resilience we as a species have developed. Worst part about this, there would be literally nothing you could do to prevent something like this from happening again. Nature is a wild beast and we are simply holding on for dear life.
@3.75istheway7 Yıl önce
@vickyabramowitz2885 Yıl önce
Humans are at the mercy of nature.
@Anti-leftist7777 Yıl önce
Let’s went
@stuartleslie5421 11 aylar önce
I have had Keys' book since it was published in 1999 and have read it several times. It always seemed a fairly important idea and his research seems detailed indeed. What puzzles me most is that despite looking for it over 20 years, I have never seen any serious follow up to either challenge or confirm it. I find that a big negative for historians of the time.
@franciscorompana2985 11 aylar önce
Is it in the bible?
@franciscorompana2985 11 aylar önce
What was the pharaoh of egypt at the tme?
@nathanrice1 11 aylar önce
@@franciscorompana2985 great question. The books contained in the Bible were finalized at the council of Hippo in 393 AD. The last book written was Revelation, which was composed around 95 AD. Some Christians hold to the belief that we are currently living in the End Times and that the events of revelation 8 could have been prophetic regarding the darkening of the sun in 536 AD.
@binderdundit228 Yıl önce
Immanuel Velikovskis book entitled "Worlds in Collision" Is one of the most amazing books I have read on this topic. It was written in the 50's and it covers a world wide disaster from many of the major nations all over the world.
@ThomasistheTwin Yıl önce
Yes all of this only makes sense if the classical ages is real and geologic and biological time as academia knows it is false.
@jessepollard7132 Yıl önce
It was also mostly fantasy.
@binderdundit228 Yıl önce
@@jessepollard7132 Read it as well as all his other books and you discover that he quoted from a multitude of major civilizations they were all saying the same thing at the same time in history...no postal service, internet, phones or radio 1500 years ago.
@jessepollard7132 Yıl önce
@@binderdundit228 Couldn't handle the BS he kept promoting. After one other book I quit.
@binderdundit228 Yıl önce
@@jessepollard7132 Quitter!
@Victor-lr2xr 18 gün önce
Very interesting report. Explained the process very well and suggests the probable answer to the question. Well done.
@lyn9291 Yıl önce
Amazing documentary. Not only did they film THE royal archivist of Java reading ancient texts in some of the most beautiful footage I have seen, but then they went and funded a Finnish researcher to help him prove his theory on what happened! Outstanding and highly recommendable documentary.
@jetplane10 Yıl önce
Yes they reallymade a significant contribution and effort
@Enyavar1 Yıl önce
What I dislike is how this reveal is not put into context, not even in the end where it is said that "this changed human history" (and before: "more than any other catastrophe in history"). Okay... HOW. How was this worse and more impactful than the Black Death, than antropomorphic climate change, than the discovery of America, than the Bronce Age Collapse.
@Kenny-yl9pc Yıl önce
@@Enyavar1 First of all this was a global event. Your examples are all local and the bronce age collapse took place over 50 years so you cant compare that to this event which was pretty much instantanious and resulted in years of famine and climate change globally which then would result in increased competition for the limited resouces ie war and more destruction and famine hardship etcetera and all that on a global scale. Thats what makes this so unbelievable.
@diggles Yıl önce
*Icelandic researcher
@sachadee.6104 10 aylar önce
@@Enyavar1 Thank you. I have the same question. "HOW" did it change human history. (instead of this 🤔it now became that🤔...?)
@tkirby115 Yıl önce
There were people on the beach just before Krakatoa exploded who described what it was like to have those bombs hurled at them. Apparently they got far enough away to survive the big explosion.
@tkirby115 Yıl önce
It was written up in National Geographic. They were researchers.
@stevenlonien7857 4 gün önce
​@@tkirby115to many species for chance Einstines relativity earned noble only 1 GOD 😊 t
@Sirxchrish Yıl önce
I can't even imagine how destructive that eruption must have been to have such far reaching consequences.
@ruthanneseven Yıl önce
An event like that has greater consequences due to its proximity to the Equator. I'm too tired to explain it, so enjoy finding out why that's true. Apologies.
@malectric 18 gün önce
What a glowing testament to painstaking scientific research! The work of these researchers has made it easy for us to understand historic events in half an hour or so of a globally accessible documentary thanks to the other scientists and engineers who gave birth to the technology powering the internet - and the internet itself.
@gwho Yıl önce
now this is a good documentary. it walks you through how you know, instead of just claiming the theory. most documentaries do a slow paced narration like this, but have so little substance. This one actually has substance.
@rachelyoung3553 Yıl önce
I noticed that, too. There is so much information here, and they even gave credit to the dendrochronologist who created the database. It's very well done.
@Fete_Fatale Yıl önce
I was at first a little annoyed at the side-tracking of possible meteors or comets, but they gave good evidence to discount them. Wikipedia has the dating of the Javanese "Book of Kings" account as 'dubious', in that it may refer to 535 CE ... or 416 CE. They also have a 'tentatively dated' list of medieval eruptions, none of which are 1215 CE - 1150 & 1320 are as close as they get.
@catlitter6895 10 aylar önce
if i remeber correctly, Professor Mike Rampino did some deep research about mass extinction, global warming or cooling caused by volcanic eruptions. we need more scientists like these. its fascinating and interesting to see their results and how (for everyone plausible and understandable) things happened long long ago.
@coolgirlfrozenfeet Yıl önce
Yes, the sound of a volcano can travel even further. “A loud bang” is pretty accurate. I heard the Tonga volcano a week ago. There was a loud noise, followed by a lot of smaller noises. I guess it woke me up, because I was awake before I heard it, but I think the loudest noise happened before and that’s what woke me. It was like 4:00 AM, and somehow I knew the sound was significant and that I would find out later what had made it.
@Wutzmename Yıl önce
Where are you living?
@coolgirlfrozenfeet Yıl önce
@@Wutzmename North of Anchorage.
@Wutzmename Yıl önce
@@coolgirlfrozenfeet I was hearing reports from Alaska that heard it. Amazing. The shockwaves traveled the globe.
@pauldaystar Yıl önce
i heard Tonga Explosion Also, in Alaska 50+ Miles North of Anchorage
@sleepycharlie673 Yıl önce
that's crazy. thanks for sharing!
@AtarahDerek Yıl önce
A large asteroid impact can trigger volcanic eruptions at its antipode. The theory goes that many of the flood basalt eruptions were initially triggered by impact events at their antipodes. Especially the Deccan Traps. The hotspot that formed the traps has its antipode on the Yucatan Peninsula, which has an impact crater from an event believed to have triggered something akin to an atomic winter. Many scientists now accept that the two events happened in very close proximity to one another on the timeline, and are thus related. The sound of Hunga-Tonga-Hunga-Ha'apai erupting was heard literally all around the world. People reported it as far away as Yukon, Canada. The eruption was a high end VEI 4, but it was loud because it was partially submerged, meaning some of that noise was water flashing to steam. The VEI 6 eruption of Krakatoa in 1883 was at least equally as loud, because it too was partially submerged. There's something about flashing seawater to steam that helps amplify the sound of a volcano's explosive eruptions. So the volcano they're looking for is probably its own island. Or was, until the eruption. In order to have the meteorological impact that it did, it would have to be a mid-level VEI 7. And yes, Krakatoa is known to be capable of VEI 7 eruptions.
@gandydancer9710 Yıl önce
"The theory goes that many of the flood basalt eruptions were initially triggered by impact events at their antipodes." That's nonsense, utterly ignorant of scale and cause-and-effect. There's nothing to focus the effect of an impact at its antipode.
@AtarahDerek Yıl önce
@@gandydancer9710 Do you know how we figured out what the inside of the earth is like? Earthquakes. How did we use earthquakes? Because energy waves can pass through the mantle and core, even to the antipode of the epicenter, and be picked up and read by seismometers. Impact events generate very specific types of energy waves. Now, if an impact event sends that much energy through the earth, does it not stand to reason that it can loosen fault lines or even generate small bulges in the mantle? Have you never heard of a Newton's cradle?
@gandydancer9710 Yıl önce
@@AtarahDerek Don't tell me things I already know. Read what I wrote: (1)"That's nonsense, utterly ignorant of scale and cause-and-effect." In scale the Earth is smoother than a billiard ball. Got that? Mt. Everest is an almost undetectable defect in the paint. So, no, something in the relative size of a a fleck of paint hitting one side of the Earth is not going to crack the paint on the other side. No matter how fast it's traveling. (2) BECAUSE "There's nothing to focus the effect of an impact at its antipode." Instead the shock, such as it is, will be dissipated through the entire massive volume of the Earth. There's no rigid pole (or lined up sequence of metal balls, as in the Newton's Cradle analogy) to transmit any shock from one side of the Earth to a single point on the other side. What about this are you not getting?
@AtarahDerek Yıl önce
@@gandydancer9710 The part where you ignore sound science demonstrating that earthquakes are detectable at their antipode. If they can be felt, then their trigger can be as well. Also the part where that fleck of paint is hitting that billiard ball at mach 5,000 and somehow not having any effect on the ball's surface except locally. And the part where you fail to notice that the sources of some LIPs are precisely opposite the original impact points of large comets or asteroids, and are said even by evolutionary geologists to date to around the same time as said impact events. The Deccan Traps, for instance? They started at the antipode of the Chicxulub crater in Mexico. Whether that impact event triggered or merely intensified those flood basalt eruptions, the fact remains that it did affect them.
@gandydancer9710 Yıl önce
@@AtarahDerek I didn't ignore your arguments, I debunked them. You, on the other hand, chose to completely ignore the points I made about scale and LACK OF A FOCAL MECHANISM. The interior of the Earth is a viscous magma (kept hot and viscous by radioactive decay) in a shell of cooler material. I can't help it if you think some array of Newton's Cradles is a better model for that than, say a tough weather balloon filled with a viscous liquid, but I WILL roll my eyes. I specifically said "No matter how fast it's traveling" because, no, mach 350 (where did you get 5,000???) won't make up for the ratio of masses of the two objects. The Deccan Traps are located at circa 17-24°N, 73-74°E. The coordinates of the Chicxulub crater are 21°24′0″N 89°31′0″W. Both are in the northern hemisphere and obviously, therefor, not antipodal. Also the Traps are a bit older than the meteor impact. Cause must precede effect in this universe.
@TimothyHathaway Yıl önce
This is a marvelous example of how the scientific process is to work. Unlike the "examples" we have experienced recently.
@dracolique 11 aylar önce
What recent examples do you mean? I have a suspicion that you like this example because it lines up with things you already believe, but you dislike others because they don't. That's not a problem with science - it's a problem with arbitrary limits you've placed on what you're willing to accept from science.
@TimothyHathaway 11 aylar önce
@@dracolique I am simply stating that when the facts coming out of research line up with the premise stated, it creates confidence in that premise. When the facts of research fail this, scientists will seek to modify the premise. Pseudo-science will repeat the premise more loudly and support government intervention to insure the failed premise is the one that is accepted.
@dracolique 11 aylar önce
@@TimothyHathaway Fine, granted... sometimes this has been a pattern, although it tends to be quickly corrected by follow-up research. Charlatans tend to be rooted out in science. The question remains though: what recent examples? I'm curious what prompted your initial comment. To what "pseudo-science" do you refer? Because many people these days are labeling legitimate science as "pseudo" simply because they don't like the results.
@isthiswherewecamein6130 Yıl önce
It's scary that this can happen again at any number of high populated places on earth at any given second. But, for some reason we've programmed ourselves that they only happened in the past.
@pedigreeann 9 aylar önce
Watch out for the Phlegraean Fields, just west of Naples. It is a large region of supervolcanic calderas, which is at ground level. The Romans considered it the entrance to the underworld, because of the numerous fumaroles which belch steam and pools of boiling mud. If it goes, Naples and environs will be toast. Vesuvius, just around the bay, is nowhere near as big a threat.
@TheHunteroo Yıl önce
When Krakatoa exploded in 1883, the sound was heard about 2,000 miles away in Perth, Australia. So for the Chinese to hear this explosion in 536, it had to be a major eruption of Krakatoa. As I said earlier the eruption had to be a high VEI 7 or 8 and I wouldn't want to be anywhere around it when it exploded. Excuse my English, I'm deaf and normally don't post because of critics complaining about deaf people.
@farqitol Yıl önce
@laureldemille623 Yıl önce
You write eloquently and precisely..I'm half blind so we make quite a pair. You are not your disability
@SeasonedCitizen Yıl önce
Your written English is far superior to my ASL.
@farqitol Yıl önce
@@HandlesAreForPussies LIFELINE cares.....
@karenharper2266 Yıl önce
I'm deaf, too. Perfectly written and explained. Let them complain. You are fine as you are.
@bunchuyobiew2787 Yıl önce
Cống hiến hơn nữa trong sự nghiệp của mình. Một lần nữa cảm ơn Đức Phúc và chương trình đã mang đến những giây phút thư giãn này. Mãi yêu!!!❤❤❤
@dianapharaoh9118 3 yıl önce
This was so informative, explaining many things I didn't quite understand or tying together all the different ways we date cataclysmic world events(which allow us to understand history in a new light-or is it new darkness?). It is fascinating, thank you!
@phil4483 Yıl önce
Excellent article, and can lend insights to the many historical changes that occurred than and after.
@Rob-fx2dw Yıl önce
Researchers have discovered that there were two huge eruptions, one in 536 (7 on the scale ) and one in 540 being firstly in north America or Iceland and later in El Salvador ( Ilopango Volcana - 8 on the scale ).
@lightseek88 Yıl önce
Would this correspond to the huge population declinesof the Mayans or incans or Aztecs or any other civilization that mysteriously vanished in north or south america?
@ninaromm5491 Yıl önce
@@lightseek88 . Excellent question. I would love to see an answer to this.
@HatsuneMiku3D 10 aylar önce
The scary thing is that if a super volcanic eruption happened in modern times probably would be more devastating because of overpopulation, countless millions would die and probably would lead to war over the simplest of resources, being food, fresh water and medicine.
@Farsider3955 8 gün önce
🤔……yup, and Yellowstone is presumably “way overdue” according to several recent scientific studies. It’s a beautiful and fascinating place to visit - but if Yellowstone blows up again anytime soon it’s going to be pretty inconvenient for us Pacific NW folks…. 😳 and possibly most of the northern hemisphere.
@geoffrobinson7293 Yıl önce
Dendrochronology has been an accepted science in forestry since at least 1870. Yes, making a computer record of the dendrochronology developed dramatically in the 1980s with access to desktop computers and data storage. In the mid-1980s, 35 years ago, we were doing much of this in my Forestry degree. We could do all of this except not so computer automated. This is a very interesting subject, but the thoughts that this is new is very wrong. Dendrochronology is a well established science.
@Ace4Tree1-us6hr 8 aylar önce
I accidentally pushed the Bedankt button and put my reaction over there,congratulating the people who made this solid scientific video with their years of work.Thank you,working together will solve these important riddles and get us on track to where we should go to get ahead.
@brendamatthews4435 Yıl önce
I remember watching a series on this research back in 1999 and then in 2001 on SBS. I was so fascinated, I bought the book and read it cover to cover. The book describes the mass migration of people around the globe. Absolutely fascinating.
@lucianocosta5866 Yıl önce
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@angelssoul5596 Yıl önce
What is the name of the book?
@brendamatthews4435 Yıl önce
​@@angelssoul5596 Catastrophye, An Investigation into the Origins of the Modern World by David Keys, published by Ballantine Publishing Group 2002 I was given a copy by my ex, loan it and lost it, so I found this one second hand on-line.
@johnlaccohee-joslin4477 Yıl önce
I am amazed at the disregard we have for nature, and this shows it in all its glory. It must have been felt half way round the globe at the time it took place and have created a buge amount of fear as people understood next to nothing about such matters. The fact that it has sat quietly simmering since tben, only says that it could come to life at any time, along with other volcanoes which also have a build up time before letting go.I recall the icelantic eruption and the problems that created. Goo d video and very enlightening.
@ktrimbach5771 Yıl önce
People in history understood a lot more than we give them credit for. They were just as intelligent (possibly more). They just didn’t have all the scientific discoveries that we do. Or did they? As I have been learning about how much WE have been learning about ancient civilizations, it makes me wonder why this information wasn’t passed down historically. This episode might be (part of) the answer to that question. We have lost an unimaginable amount of historical knowledge.
@chefgiovanni Yıl önce
This documentary is really well done . It demonstrates the evidence , then what is missing in those sources to help bring a conclusion. Let us hope WWIII does not progress. Wishing you Peace from USA .
@andrewschuschu3499 11 aylar önce
Growing up in rural Ohio the only fun thing to do was to play in the woods and build forts from tree branches- when it was raining the only fun thing to do was reading the encyclopedia set we had- had read about the little ice age since then, and most people I’ve talked to don’t even believe it happened. So many people haven’t even heard of it.
@Tactix_se Yıl önce
The atmosphere is terrifying. Exquisitely produced documentary
@grindupBaker Yıl önce
The atmosphere is indeed terrifying. I wish we didn't have one so's I could sleep peacefully at night.
@lindajonesartist Yıl önce
The question I have is what was the alignment of the planets during these events? Gravitational pull of the planets has been connected with earthquakes. Is it possible that it is also connected with volcanic eruptions? Could it also predict the magnitude of eruptions? They talk about when eruptions have occurred, but they don't seem concerned about the cause of the eruptions.
@Plectrudefy Yıl önce
I love how we get to come along on the whole journey to find out what happened. Quality documentary!
@lesliegrenfell2242 Yıl önce
Yes, keep this video dear. I once had a quality video that went into the great potato famine. (The Year without a Summer). It was deleted from my queue. My shared by text links of it, deleted too. I am hoping this may be the one/that video but so far, I think not. But I am thankful to have discovered this one.
@susanprendergast7384 Yıl önce
If one's a reader, one knew ahead of time what was coming. I knew about both the eruptions in the nineteenth century, so it stood to reason.
@michaell874 Yıl önce
The event sounds much like a super volcano event in which the eruption was so enormous that the ash spewed into the atmosphere blocked the sun’s rays from heating the planet, causing plummeting temperatures for a couple of years as the ash slowly fell from the sky, allowing the sun’s rays to emerge to reheat the planet. Depending on the ash that came out of the volcano, if it was acidic, could have caused any kind of rainfall to be detrimental in terms of causing drought, which would explain the very thin tree rings. What else other than a possible shifting of the global winds could have caused such a drought? If the global winds shifted so that the weather patterns would then have to rise up and over mountainous terrain it hadn’t previously, then the leeward side of the mountain would experience very little rain, leading to drought. Maybe events such as El Niño or La Niña were present back then when an extreme event took place, affecting the region for a period of a couple of years.
@michaell874 Yıl önce
@@normawaller785 Planet X? Planet X was supposed to have smashed into us about 7 years ago? What happened? Did the GPS on this rogue planet cause it to miss the turn at Albuquerque?
@malcolmrickarby2313 Yıl önce
Great science looking at evidence from all over the world. Unfortunately, as often happens with these stories they seem to neglect the Southern Hemisphere where it is known that there is only a low level of intermixing of the atmosphere.
@kengrow3992 Yıl önce
Thank you for sharing this insight and for the work you’ve done
@andrerousseau5730 Yıl önce
It's past overdue that the work of Immanuel Velikovsky needs to be re-appraised. he was a visionary well ahead of his time and ahead of the new discoveries that vindicate him.
@geoffreylee5199 Yıl önce
The explosion of Pinatubo in the early 1990s had a dramatic effect for at least two summers, it was cold and very rainy to start. The winters had more snow and seemed longer, more like the 1950s and 1960s, so no big news. During those winters, there was snow and ice in every contiguous US state; something that had not happened before. The North American Great Lakes were nearly all frozen, not since the 1940s had that happened.
@alaskau9175 6 yıl önce
Who filmed this? I don't expect documentaries to be so exquisitely filmed that scenes make me catch my breath. Wonderful! Well -written, too. Thank you.
@stuartnicklin650 6 yıl önce
Tara N. This is a production of Channel 4, from the UK
@compassioncampaigner728 5 yıl önce
My experience is that TIMELINE is dependability high quality
@tazdianbrewhaha1402 5 yıl önce
I couldn't have said it better myself. Very well done
@davedebang-bang6168 4 yıl önce
That’s because it’s a British documentary without all the over excitement and shouting that you get with American documentaries.
@davidjames666 4 yıl önce
Dave Debang-bang if it were American, there would be some leftist pushing some liberal agenda in there somehow
@TheRickie41 Yıl önce
We worry more about the Phlegrean fields at Naples than about Yellowstone, the time being...Thank you for an excellent documentary!
@stevemace1725 11 aylar önce
Yellowstone would create an ice age, and starve 90% of worlds population, it's caldera is 80 miles long and 50 miles wide.i live 250 miles from it and would die from initial blast even though I'm upwind from it.(west) by northwest
@TheRickie41 11 aylar önce
@@stevemace1725 Stay safe. Taupo is on the rise, too. The grand solar minimum and the magnetic polar reversal may become very threatening to mankind. We can only hope to get through this disaster cycle, as much aware and prepared as possible. In the end, the universe is our master, and for me, it is all God’s will...Yes, I prep. And I pray. Blessings from France and a safe and happy Christmas.
@clintloranrand951 Yıl önce
Once I visited the active volcano Etna, I realized how small humanity is while nature is huge and so powerful.
@charlesdavid2741 11 aylar önce
Wow! I was on the edge of my seat through this whole presentation-masterfully done!
@judithrapier7500 Yıl önce
In the last year, 2021 up to today, 06/22, the volcano activity is increasing tremendously. We haven't seen a "big one" yet, but it could happen at any time.
@sharkeishatwerks1731 Yıl önce
I hope so!
@pistilliproductions2930 Yıl önce
Yes please! Any day now would be great
@sultananshar 10 aylar önce
I live in the city of Bandung on the island of Java, now this city is like a basin surrounded by mountains. This basin exists because of the very powerful eruption of the ancient Sunda volcano. before it could be occupied as it is now, after the devastating eruption it was believed that Bandung was an ancient lake which was very wide because it was surrounded by mountains. But eventually the water disappeared because of an earthquake that changed the structure of the mountains. The islands in Indonesia are indeed full of mysteries, even though when compared to other continents or islands in the world, the islands here are still relatively new. I think it's simple enough to understand how much volcanic activity there is because these new islands can be lifted from the ocean floor.
@videowilliams 2 yıl önce
"Every little eruption adds more and more rock to the island. Eventually it gets so large it blows itself apart." (40:27) This doco certainly called that right! That's exactly what happened the year after this was posted, in December 2018. The island's still there but a third its old height, with Anak Krakatoa's 338 metre cone having blown itself to bits in what amounted to the deadliest volcanic eruption of the 21st Century so far.
@larrydifran Yıl önce
Solution to climate changes demonstrated by Mother Nature, BUT climate scientists refuse to listen. Stating "models do not include process, it's risky. "
@carolgibson-wilson4354 Yıl önce
@@larrydifran Why do you say they refuse? Most scientists agree climate changes happen from geological or asteroid events. However we are speeding it up rapidly.
@JohnRodriguesPhotographer Yıl önce
Essentially what happens with Krakatoa is as the hot plume below the volcano adds to the calderas available pool of lava pressure is built up because of two things. One is that this particular lava has high moisture content so it has high steam pressure. Then you have the water seeping in through cracks as the living Rock so to speak rises and falls. Eventually enough moisture comes in contact with the lava results in an explosion. It's kind of like I Campi fliagra that surrounds Naples Italy. If you look at the geology of the caldera, and then look at the population concentration, this active volcano could kill millions the next time it goes. Not just in the Naples area but in Europe in general. Super volcano explosion
@davids4313 Yıl önce
@@larrydifran What a sweeping, incorrect and insulting comment. Scientists refusing to listen is in the main a nonsense.
@paladinsmith7050 Yıl önce
@@carolgibson-wilson4354 The " we are speeding it up rapidly" part is the lie though. Water levels are stable, temps etc.
@ruthanneperry1623 Yıl önce
I remember my mother said in 1930 they didn't have a summer the only things they could grow were cold hardy plants and what really upset her was the chickens didn't lay PS she lived in the Mississippi Valley near Memphis
@channelthis5300 Yıl önce
I would love to hear more about this.
@infinitejest441 11 aylar önce
I believe that was called the “dust bowl”
@pedigreeann 9 aylar önce
@@infinitejest441 "The drought came in three waves: 1934, 1936, and 1939-1940, but some regions of the High Plains experienced drought conditions for as many as eight years." That summer was at the very start of the dry period, not a lot of dust blowing yet.
@olgamiller216 Yıl önce
Great to learn how natural events can affect the climate! Awesome!
@bradskis81 Yıl önce
Well, they've been affecting the climate drastically since day 1 of earth. Man has only been on this globe a miniscule sliver of time since the beginning.
@lorenstevens8693 Yıl önce
I would be interested in any correlation of tree rings, to sun spots or sun storms or irruptions.
@annvroom5539 Yıl önce
Gotta say, those researchers on Krakatoa featured towards the latter segments of the video are pretty dang intrepid - thing blowing up hours after they were on site, knarly steep rock climbing, pick-axing dense stone croppings - impressive! :-)
@dianahaselbah9372 Yıl önce
I was 18 when I took a trip with my mother to Saint Licia. Whilst on the beach I heard a load explosion. Mt Saint Vincent had erupted. So I actually witnessed a Volcanic eruption. It came up out of the sky like a mushroom cloud. Enormous, not sure what to think of at first, world war three came to mind. I thought I'm going to become the mother of black babies it is. The front desk would not tell us what it was. We were covered in ash at the beach. I don't know how m as my people have seen an actual volcanic eruption but it was pretty facinating.
@SecretSquirrelFun Yıl önce
This process has everything I am really interested in. I just love how Mike Bailey thinks and how he worked this out using tree rings - it’s all of it, it’s so cool. I mean 7,500 years!! How amazing is that?
@ktrimbach5771 Yıl önce
Jared Diamond explains how scientists have developed several of these fantastic techniques in his book Collapse! If you liked this video, I highly recommend it.
@That_Guy78 Yıl önce
These guys seem to be more honest with their dating than most. I hear so many claims of X millions of years ago with no verification. These guys are doing actual research.
@dracolique 11 aylar önce
The numbers of "X millions of years ago" have plenty of actual research behind them, as well.
@brionbee Yıl önce
I love this documentary! The only non-factual segment is regarding annual rings in glacial ice cores. These rings have been observed forming weekly in polar regions. They are not an accurate measurement of yearly events. If ice can be studied from 535AD thats great. But annual rings are not yearly as a constant.
@muninrob Yıl önce
I'd like a link to the paper about tree rings forming in a week in polar regions, one of us has inaccurate information, and I'd like to read the paper I must have missed.
@bobfoster687 Yıl önce
Read CAREFULLY. He wrote rings in glacial ice.
@emelless5365 11 aylar önce
Lake Taupo in New Zealand has a huge caldera under it,twice the size of Yellowstone Lake..1800 years ago there was an eruption comparable to Tambora,and25,000 years ago there was a massive explosion, called Oruanui.
@aron1332 11 aylar önce
Is there any reliable sources indicsting Taupo caldera is two times bigger than Yellowstone?
@pedigreeann 9 aylar önce
@@aron1332 Said it was twice the size of Yellowstone LAKE, not the entire caldera.
@SerEnmei 9 aylar önce
@@aron1332 Well the Taupo Volcanic Zone isn't one Volcano but consist of lots of Volcanos (4 of them being Super volcanos, 5 VEI:8 eruptions in the last 1.2m years) and covers an area of 217miles long and 31miles wide, not sure how that compares to Yellowstone. But what is known is in the last 1 million years Taupo has had some of the biggest eruptions with the Whakamaru eruption being the 2nd biggest in the last 1 million years after Lake Toba. And the Mangakino eruption just over 1 million years ago being bigger than the largest Yellowstone Eruption. I live just over 100kms from Taupo and I wouldn't fancy my chances if it does go off again in my lifetime, and I was very concerned when I felt the last magma quake from over 100kms away.
@amandathompson9347 Yıl önce
Great documentary. Fascinating conclusion this huge volcanic explosion made the world get much colder, not warmer.
@historia6848 Yıl önce
536 AD is the estimated timeframe that the Krakatoa volcano experienced an extremely massive eruption that caused a column of smoke, ash, and debris 13 miles high. So much material was ejected into the atmosphere that it shrouded the Earth causing temperature drops and ensuing human suffering. Krakatoa would erupt massively again around 1200 and the most recent climate-changing eruption was in the 1880s. The 1880s eruption was estimated to be equivalent to 160 megatons, the Tsar Bomba was a measly 57 megatons in comparison.
@allenra530 3 yıl önce
Since the chemical composition of the ash is different for each volcano and each eruption, I find it odd that they only looked at the sulfur spike in the ice cores and not the composition of the dust, which must have been present as well. It is perfectly possible to get samples at the volcano and from the ice cores and compare the chemistry. You might have to drill into the deposits around the eruption site for your cores, but if there were 2 or more large eruptions within a few years of each other and Carbon dating has a margin of error of + or - tens of years, chemical matching would give you much more definitive results. Perhaps that has been done since this documentary was made. If not, perhaps it ought to be done.
@Alondro77 Yıl önce
If you're looking for deposits in ice from a volcano, you generally look for the BIGGEST chemical change. And sulfur travels very well in the atmosphere and stays there for a long time. ALL explosive-type volcanoes emit LOTS of sulfur, so it's the obvious choice.
@kayakMike1000 Yıl önce
I think the scientists may look at other radiometric data, volcanic rocks contain certain radioactive elements that can be profiled.
@zoranlevnajic2089 Yıl önce
It's quite an obvious thing to do. I would expect that it actually was done, but wasn't reported in this documentary to keep things simple.
@superpearlreddragon1 Yıl önce
Allen this documentary has some good information in it but wrong volcano, the one that erupted in 536 was the super volcano Ilopango in El Salvador proven fact.
@farhanatashiga3721 Yıl önce
@@superpearlreddragon1 lol no that eruption has been more accurately dated to 431 not 536.
@IMWeira 11 aylar önce
Great content. Informative and enlightening. Thank you!
@edwardschieler1680 Yıl önce
I'm an American married to an Indonesian wife and live in Solo Indonesia 🇮🇩. I've driven thru the beautiful mountains and seen Kracatau simmering like a teapot. The land is so rich in Indonesia and our paradise.
@rign_ Yıl önce
Shout out to camera man for surviving this disaster.
@iahelcathartesaura3887 12 gün önce
This is amazing, and an ideally well-done video!
@peterbeyer5755 11 aylar önce
I’m surprised that there are so few sources describing this calamity.
@Dharmanarchist 4 yıl önce
If you’re reading this thank your ancestors who survived this- absolute ballers.
@indy_go_blue6048 3 yıl önce
I probably don't have much time left in this world; I fear for my descendants who might have to experience it again when Yellowstone blows.
@lighttajiribey4221 3 yıl önce
@@indy_go_blue6048 the original indigenous sovereign americans are our ancestors returned. peace.
@marianwilliamfeltes2701 3 yıl önce
light tajiri bey 0988
@ulrikjensen6841 3 yıl önce
@@indy_go_blue6048 ø
@justinlabine2358 3 yıl önce
Joachim Hans well, current generations are raised by previous generations, so... it says more about them, than our generation.
@amandadonaldson761 2 gün önce
I read the book "The Year Without a Summer" Thought that was bad enough but 10 years! oh my. The Sycamore Gap Tree on Hadrian's Wall was felled 28th September this year, can you make use of it's story within it's rings? Love your work.
@michaelreid2329 Yıl önce
The rock that eventually settled reduced in size but substantially in tact was that which we now know as Uluru (Ayers Rock), striking the shallow inland sea and totally vaporising it, and in doing so softened the impact. Although without a written history, aural story telling tells of the creation of features where there were none. The rock has been dated back to well before impact and remains an amazing example of a geographic feature totally barren of any other earth based life or geographic features.
@muninrob Yıl önce
Problem, Uluru is sandstone, not igneous. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uluru
@Maphisto86 2 gün önce
No wonder 535 AD is often called one of the worst times in human history. This event was global and terrifying and had enormous repercussions on many empires and civilizations struggling at the time.
@ListenToGrandma1 10 aylar önce
It would be interesting to see what the earthquake activity did after that eruption. Peace and safe blessings, everyone.
@crazyforcanada 9 aylar önce
Really astonishing research work. Congratulations.
@r.blakehole932 3 yıl önce
The Plague of Justinian which hit the European world has been dated 541-549 AD. That would correspond almost exactly with this volcanic eruption. Obviously, if food and nutrition is globally interrupted by a massive volcanic eruption then weakened immune systems would result and make plagues a lot easier to happen. Just a thought.
@kimkenny3300 Yıl önce
If crops were interrupted, rodents move inside homes & barns from fields.
@josephsmith3908 Yıl önce
This makes perfect sense
@vaughnblaylock6069 Yıl önce
Not to mention that the lack of sunlight is often a contributor to the beginning of a plague event.
@joeschembrie9450 Yıl önce
Justinian: I'm going to re-unite the Roman Empire! God: No, you're not.
@Nemesis1ism 11 aylar önce
I went to HHRC school we were taught about the little ice age as well as the volcano that caused it.
@elizabethrios7759 11 aylar önce
I remember being taught about the little ice age !!
@Nemesis1ism 11 aylar önce
HRCC my bad
@davesmith5656 11 aylar önce
@@Nemesis1ism --- Ham Radio Crash Course? Hampton Roads Convention Center? Inane acronyms just show laziness and contempt.
@alyssasabrae7943 Yıl önce
I'm curious about how much pressure release in the last 110ish years from drilling and fracking may have affected the vulcanism of the world.
@r.a.panimefan2109 Yıl önce
None. Fracking doesn't go deep enouph. Totaly different systems. Does Damage ground water
@peakey8874 Yıl önce
I live in New Zealand and as a kid I remember a story that I think was around the same time they are talking when Lake Taupo (a supervolcano) erupted and caused all these same effects idk if the story I heard as a kid was right or not
@erhudreamer 2 aylar önce
Quite interesting! Brings new meaning to The Dark Ages...years of cold would have wiped out thousands.
@The_DC_Kid 11 aylar önce
The two consecutive years is completely believable, but what about the one 5 years later? What caused that one, and why wasn't there bad weather for those years between?
@angelaj8958 11 aylar önce
Ilopango was the later one, also huge, also tropical.. Krakatoa 536, Ilopango 3 or 4 years later
@ndhan72 11 aylar önce
I don't know!.
@cindiloowhoo1166 11 aylar önce
@@angelaj8958 There is an old movie: “Krakatoa - East of Java” I think it’s called….
@undercoverbird8592 11 aylar önce
And here we go again… get ready!
@CrusaderSports250 Yıl önce
I was doing quite a bit of photography the year Mt St Helen had its debut and it was the best year for sunsets ever, this was in the south of England, it wasn't a huge eruption by comparison and I was half a world away. I wonder how prepared we are today for something similar, our technology would help but millions would die before it was over.
@rowangreymantle Yıl önce
I am guessing it world be a terribly bad event since most of the world isn't prepared for a catastrophic event of this magnitude. Considering everything we see on the news about water, food, baby formula shortages; issues with possible power grid failures and infrastructure issues, it looks pretty grim BEFORE such a catastrophic event...
@CrusaderSports250 Yıl önce
@@rowangreymantle I think after such an event the biggest problem for the human race would be WHO survived!, in the days of ugg it would have been the young and fit, those that could breed, but today we would have sleazy politicians and their hangers on, the rich who could buy their way in, invariably all chosen with no view to maintaining the species, in the film 2012 I would have had two lists, the first, those that were approached to finance the arks and a second list of young useful people, and when the call came most of the first would come second, in the new world you need strong backs and breeders, not exactly PC for today but in the world of tomorrow its what would be needed. Unfortunately the reality would be our race would survive the Apocalypse only to die out in political squabbling☺.
@ktrimbach5771 Yıl önce
@@rowangreymantle Sounds like a biblical event - like what is described in Revelation Chapter 16. A third of the Earth is destroyed, the Sun scorches those remaining, and then the greatest earthquake in history.
@marilynmyers6144 Yıl önce
@@ktrimbach5771 k,!
@sweettrubble4635 Yıl önce
I just hope I'll go fast. Not in any physical shape to endure hardships like that.
@johnallen4863 Yıl önce
One of my favorite tales regarding disaster in written history is the quote " before there was a Moon" . Second is the Native American tale that the Grande Tetons grew in a week. And then the thoroughly out dated notion the something big has to hit the ground for these occurrences to happen when plasma and electrical discharges can cause equal if not more havoc
@christylblue1022 Yıl önce
Thank you. Just found this. It corroborates my research (and suspicions of this returning "issue").
@sheilagraham8543 8 gün önce
I’m 83 years old and find these programmes informative and fascinating.
@fomoyearsfofofiv8178 Yıl önce
I live next to a national park where the government, in their infinite wisdom, cut down some rather large cedar trees. They were basically trees that grew up out of solid rock so. There have been similar trees found to be 2200 years old in the general area.
@sachadee.6104 10 aylar önce
😩hope and trust they retrieved and stored a sample of the rings.
@fomoyearsfofofiv8178 10 aylar önce
@@sachadee.6104 Unfortunately, the area where the park cut those trees was on a cliffside and the land slid off blocking the roads they were trying to protect recently.
@rickb2267 Yıl önce
Awesome work! Very impressive!
@a1m2o3c4 3 yıl önce
Medieval historian Micahel McCormick, a Harvard archaeologist and chair of the Harvard University Initiative for the Science of the Human Past, explained to Science: "It was the beginning of one of the worst periods to be alive, if not the worst year," McCormick speaks of the ill-fated year of 536.(2018)
@andrewmiller6663 Yıl önce
Just wait until 2030. You will own nothing, but will you be happy?
@karenharper2266 Yıl önce
@@andrewmiller6663 Are you clairvoyant? Try being more optimistic.
@andrewmiller6663 Yıl önce
@@karenharper2266Nope, not clairvoyant, the World Economic Forum has told us. Good luck. By the way, hope is not a plan.
@stormygayle9388 Yıl önce
@@andrewmiller6663 That’s only what “they” think... will happen.. WE can’t let it happen! 👍🏼
@brendaf3132 Yıl önce
A very good factual documentary. True science is sometime done after all.
@JasonFightsCrime 11 aylar önce
Hearing sounds at distances is so strange. When I heard the Tonga volcano eruption from American Samoa I didn't know what it was. It sounded like distant, ongoing artillery. I didn't think about it much, but then Facebook Messenger advised us that there was an eruption and there was a danger of tsunami we evacuated. It still seems strange to me that I heard something from hundreds of miles away.
@randykubick Yıl önce
you guys need to do a sulfur density plotting map - the sulfur density in the soil will increase the closer you get to the ground zero eruption point. Start in China where they said yellow stuff (likely sulfur) was falling from the sky.
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