Armistice: The Bitter Endgame Of World War One | Armistice | Timeline

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Timeline - World History Documentaries

Timeline - World History Documentaries

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A fresh look at the Armistice of 1918
Professor David Reynolds uncovers a story of wounded egos, political scheming and strategy behind the lines as statesmen and generals haggled over the terms of peace, while the soldiers fought on the front-line.
In a journey that takes him through command centers and battlefields, he explores why half-a-million men were killed or wounded in the bitter endgame of the ‘Great War’ and unravels how Germany ultimately plunged to total defeat. November 11th proved to be a doomed peace, a prelude to a century-long struggle for mastery of Europe. David Reynolds argues that it was the frenetic politicking and brutality of the fighting in 1918 that sowed the seeds of the even bloodier Second World War just 20 years later.
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@TimelineChannel 3 yıl önce
Use code 'timeline' and enjoy 3 months of History Hit for $3
@adrianhetmanski1832 3 yıl önce
Really east-prussia as well as other lands with over 1million square kilometers used to belong to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth during 13-16th centuries (and some to lesser extent in later times), which span from the Baltic sea to the Black sea but were partitioned during constant eurpean fudal wars, so poland regained only a tiny portion of it's original lands, thanks in part to Napoleon Bonaparte as well as the allies mostly Britain after the WWs, but also in part to Hungary, Chech and Italy with whom they maintained good relations over the centuries.
@linaspaukstaitis6229 2 yıl önce
Obliterated by the slavs? Check your information! It was Lithuanians and Polish and only a very small amount of slavs from Smolensk was in Lithuanian army. This is an insult!
@livethefuture2492 3 aylar önce
I have loved every one of professor David Reynold's documentaries. A master presentatator like no other, shedding light on less talked about aspects of history that nonetheless had dramatic consequences for the world we all inhabit today.
@douglascoggeshall2490 6 aylar önce
2023-05-19 ... wow ... an absolutely excellent presentation of an otherwise skipped-over historical moment ... the WW1 overview is clearly and superbly explained ... Woodrow Wilson's personal attempt to humiliate Germany is a revelation to me ... Highly recommended one hour video.
@johnadams5489 2 yıl önce
Professor David Reynolds is a first class Moderator that explains what went on behind the scenes within all the belligerents leaders, both military and political. The German high command underestimated what would happen if they asked for a cease fire. The upheaval of the people of the Central Powers was caused by starvation, the death of their soldiers in a never-ending war, and the collapse of Germany's allies that could not continue to fight. I have watched other war videos with Professor Reynolds telling the story. They are all worth watching. Thank you!
@CirugiadeMano 3 yıl önce
My Grand Grand Mother who lost three of her four brothers in WWI used to say that few things were so meaningless than a an English woman settled in my country i think she was right..peace to all of them...
@fingerboxes Yıl önce
My grandparents lost something like 60% of their extended family to the holocaust. The first family reunion after the war was the last family reunion for over 70 years. No one could come to terms with how many people simply weren't there anymore. For my grandfather, I think the lingering effect was survivor's guilt. He had been drafted and even though he had a degree as a dentist and could have deferred the draft, he decided to sign up. He spent the entire war stationed in DC cleaning the teeth of the president, congressmen, and heads of the armed forces. I think he never really thought he did enough. He never even told his sons about it. When they found his uniform in the attic, he told them he'd been a civil servant but didn't elaborate. It was my grandmother who told me the story of his service record after his death. For my grandmother, I think the biggest effect was a complete terror of pride. I think she blamed the loss of her family on the pride of the Nazis and so she was determined to never let any of us feel proud of anything. If you had something you were proud of she felt the need to gently but firmly crush it. I don't think it was out of malice or narcissism, I think she genuinely believed that she had a personal duty to the world to make sure no one felt pride ever again. She told her favorite son for years that she'd gotten him at an orphanage and he had a 15 year warranty so she could return him if he wasn't good enough. I excelled academically and any time I'd bring her something like a standardized test putting me in the top 15% of students two years older than me she'd tell me "I know you're smart dear, I drowned all the dumb ones." We're at the point now where World War 1 is completely out of living memory: no one who served in it is still alive. World War 2 is nearly out of living memory: of the 15 million Americans who served, only around 240,000 remain, and it's much the same in all the other countries impacted. I hope that the lessons of history won't be forgotten when the people to tell us the emotional toll of our history are gone but given the track record of the human species...yeah, probably not going to work out that way, is it. We seem to fall into the pattern of making the old mistakes in new centuries, cursing unborn generations to shoulder the heavy mantle created by generations long dead. I hope we can change.
@susannamarker2582 Yıl önce
Great grand mother.
@seanlander9321 4 aylar önce
There was a woman in Western Australia interviewed in 1970, she was very old weather beaten and quiet. She had seven sons, every one of them died in France. All those years later she was still in stunned silence.
@kurtbjorn3841 3 yıl önce
My grandfather (U.S. Army) took a bullet in the stomach on the last day of the war. He was hospitalized for a year, and suffered greatly the rest of his life. I never really knew him, but my mother said he was never, ever the same after the war. What a waste.
@ethanniedorowski116 Yıl önce
So sorry .... I agree they knew .. an they let it happen It's horrible.... glad he lived sorry he was hurt so bad....
@iwritechecksatthegrocerystore 4 aylar önce
Jesus I’m surprised he survived that. That’s awful.
@dagmarueberfeld-lang4088 11 aylar önce
thoroughly enjoyed this walk through this part of our history with Professor David Reynolds. He really brings it to life and I watched it twice already. Thank you greatly.
@markothwriter 2 yıl önce
What often gets ignored is the actions of the French, Swiss and Italian Central Banks. In particular, the French central bank kept trying to punish the Germans. The French would not lend Germany any money. The British could not afford to lend the Germans any money. And the Italians kinda followed the French. The banking crisis and the money supply were really what drove the German economy into depression. Troop movements on the ground were not as important.
@Gio.Condor Yıl önce
Are you sure about that?
@markothwriter Yıl önce
@@Gio.Condor It is documented fact. France REFUSED to lend the Germans any money to help their industry. Brits said that they were broke and couldn't lend any.
@rafaeldavid32 Yıl önce
@@markothwriter The economy of Europe was so broke that it wouldn't be improved even during the early ww2 (the funding at least in UK is from the remaing gov. reserves) thus after, the end of colonial holdings. The Marshall plan was one of many policies to recover the economy of Europe during the twilight years of the cold war.
@dukedematteo1995 Aylar önce
​@@rafaeldavid32Beggar thy neighbor economic policies in the inter war period was terrible.
@randydelaney7804 3 yıl önce
My Granddad was born in Brighton England on November 24th 1918, not long after the Armistice happened. His mother was an English lass from London whose first husband was also English and a sailor who died at sea during the war and had 2 daughters. His father was born in Manchester, to Irish parents who died thanks tot the Famine. He was brought to Canada as an orphan at 6 years old and went back to fight with the Canadians in WW1 and brought his family to back home to Canada after the end of WW1. My Grandpa then went back to fight in WW11. I love the history behind the two World Wars. So this is interesting for me to watch.
@mikelynch7271 3 yıl önce
I like stories...
@hrossman7272 Yıl önce
I wish every documentary was hosted by this guy, he's very well spoken and articulates the information very well.
@monkeyrobotsinc.9875 10 aylar önce
@mamavswild 2 yıl önce
The German delegation walked up to the signing table expecting to see an ARMISTICE, meaning a ‘peace without victory’ as Woodrow Wilson promised....instead the armistice had turned into a strong-armed actual surrender and caught them off guard. Being forced to declare ‘war guilt’ and then pay reparations (which were actually France’s bills to the US and Britain that she told them she wouldn’t pay back) was particularly brutal considering the fact that there was plenty of guilt to go around regarding WWI. Members of the delegation literally fell down upon reading it. It was MORE than just the tangible ‘harshness’ of the was the perceived (and actual) injustice of it and their no tangible losses psychologically that fueled the later rise of a certain angry little man. Also, history has shown that whenever a democracy is forced upon a people before they are ready for it, it never works out well.
@johnadams5489 2 yıl önce
Austira started the war in order to punish Serbia. Germany gave Austria a "Blank Check" as their role in supporting Austrian in "Punishing" Serbia. Austria got their butts kicked. Germany was punished after the cease fire primarily because Austria-Hungary disintegrated into smaller countries. The Destruction the German Army inflicted on Belgium and France during the early stages of the war, including murdering civilians, was primarily the reason Germany was blamed after the Armistice.
@derrickbridges2611 2 yıl önce
@@johnadams5489 they didnt disintegrate, they were punnished by the allies, because they couldnt beat them all on the battle field! Germany ,and AUSTRO/ HUNGARIAN EMPIRE WERE ALLIES FOR 1,000 YEARS! WELL COULD YOU IMAGINE BREAKING FRANCE,!AND U.K. UP SAME WAY!!
@paulmicheldenverco1 2 yıl önce
America was hardly neutral. We had loaned Britain huge amounts of money and I believe this was as much of a reason for going to war as the U-boat attacks. However, Wilson could hardly tell the country to go to war so JPMorgan can get its money back, so the U-boat war was a convenient cause.
@theforce5191 Yıl önce
Loaning money to either side doesn't make them an ally or axis.
@alanaadams7440 3 aylar önce
Yeah like weapons of mass destruction that Saddam had in Iraq😮
@chocofudge4638 2 aylar önce
rse US wont help unless there is sonetging in it for them atleast you eeren't treated likre ukrain who thry lrft in the midfle of war fto thrir theier own deviced😅😅😅😅so im kinda afraid for us filipinod we ard being pushed to a cockfight agai st chibs😢😢😢
@andre_santos2181 3 aylar önce
When I was on France, it seemed to me the monuments and memorials of WW1 were much more than WW2 in number... and emotion, both grief and pride. This assymetry always baffled me, since on hindsight WW2 was clearly bigger and worse. But after studying WW1 and its lasting impacts, I understand.
@alicebezerra6083 2 aylar önce
Well observed
@jaed2630 2 aylar önce
Well Vichy France...
@mooael3796 Aylar önce
Way more French died in WW1 and they were the victors. Germany was defeated eventually in WW2 however they were forced to surrender and were defeated within months
@noldo3837 14 gün önce
In Czechia, at that time under Austria-Hungary , there is a WWI memorial monument with the list of fallen in every single village, and we were not even a frontline country
@MwindiBingu 3 yıl önce
After watching this very informative presentation, I wonder if there really were two wars, it seems to me there was only one war with a twenty-one year ceases fire.
@brahim119 3 yıl önce
*@Robert Mangeni.* I tend to agree with your thinking because it is in accordance with general Foch accurate statement who said the -peace- armistice will last 20 years, he was off only by two months.
@LeFaisDoDo 3 yıl önce
It was more like four wars. Started with Napoleons conquest of Europe which lead to prussias desire for unification of the German people and the Franco Prussian war which of course lead to ww1
@jimusgrimus 3 yıl önce
J.P.T. Taylor the historian said that
@ajfalvo 3 yıl önce
Churchill actually called the period of 1914-1945 the "30-Years War" for this reason exactly.
@mr.ramfan8100 3 yıl önce
Yeah, you can't get past that 1919-1939 was merely halftime in this bloody insanity...
@ehayes5217 Aylar önce
This was an extraordinarily well-done documentary with great detail & explanations of strategies, excellent!👍🇺🇸
@seanmccann8368 5 yıl önce
An excellent documentary, it is important to remember that the 11th November 1918 Armistice which is so well commemorated in Western Europe has absolutely no bearing or significance in Central or Eastern Europe. There the Great War dragged on in various civil and border conflicts into the early and mid 1920's.
@TheEdwardrommel 3 yıl önce
The Russians often emphasize that 75% of the German Army was fighting on the eastern front in WW2 and that the Italian, North African and western fronts were just sideshows. And that is largely true. But in WW1 it was just the opposite. Most of the German army was fighting in the west...and it was the Russians that collapsed. It was the western powers that defeated Germany in WW1.
@mr.ramfan8100 3 yıl önce
Good point!
@KateLicker 3 yıl önce
lots of stuff continued on, yeah...the Greeks even seem to have gone on some bizarre campaign into an admittedly prostrate Turkey...the Russian civil war and various other square-ups between Slavs, including Russia vs Poland and the usual lunacy in the Balkans ..then the West tried a half-baked attempt to Bay of Pigs the Russian Revolution itself...'the North Russian Expedition" I think it was called..and I think it had arrow prongs in both Arctic Europe end of Russia and NW Pacific Asian end of Russia.
@matrimcauthon7937 3 yıl önce
@@KateLicker Nobody really wanted it, which is why it fizzled out.
@bojankotur4613 3 yıl önce
Min Tin only half of it :P
@prof2yousmithe444 3 yıl önce
This was frankly one of the best documentaries on the Armistice! Well researched and well written. One thing that we should take away from this is the idea that punishing Germany, (or any other nation for that matter), can and possibly will lead to another armed conflict down the road if the peace is not just peace. Yes, Germany for intense and purposes, started the war. Yes, they were to first to use chemical weapons on the battlefield. Yes, there were some horrific things that occurred. However, this Armistice was meant to punish beyond reason, Germany and its leaders. The ones who really pay for it are the people.
@fkjl4717 3 yıl önce
You Mean something like Nurebenrg process should happen? Sentencing to death Kaiser, Hindenburg, Ludendorf and others? Maybe... since german military was one of allies of nazism. Germany was not so punished in fact... Most of territory and industry still intact. France tried to make Rhineland independent or annexed, but was denied by UK and USA. Compare this to the treatys that met Turkey and Hungary - loss of 2/3 of territory and population.
@prof2yousmithe444 3 yıl önce
josefina bananos I agree! I follow that and it was superbly awesome!
@dangoode5994 2 yıl önce
Intense and purposes?
@IAmACanadian Yıl önce
Germany didn’t start the war lol.
@Ye4rZero 5 yıl önce
Also great respect for the Canadian General Arthur Currie. And Australian General Monash. Cared the most about their troops, and were the most forward thinking commanders in the British empire. I always thought of Canadians as nice polite people (the stereotypical view lol) but I didn't know how deadly their soldiers were, and how committed.
@vincentlefebvre9255 4 yıl önce
Hockey is just as crazy as australian football rules ! We're tough people !
@KateLicker 3 yıl önce
Australian Rugby league is almost certainly a physically harder and more dangerous game than Rules is. More people are killed or put in wheelchairs on RL fields in Australia than are in boxing or MA. I'd give ice-hockey a try. I'd never run out onto an RL field, not at gunpoint. half to 3/4 of the RL players here are now 'Islanders" Polynesians/Melanesians...Maori, Samoan, Tongan, don't need to get involved with anything that carries the probability of physical contact with them in any shape or form. You just need to keep walking. I like this weekends hockey fight, though..the two goal-keepers had a fight? I like one guy ran down the opposite end or they met in mid-field..LOL..
@daphnewalker4951 3 yıl önce
For committed and effective Canadian soldiers read about, or better still visit Vimy Ridge - and then you'll know.
@Ye4rZero 3 yıl önce
KateLicker id agree rugby is tougher than footy, I don’t know about hockey tho, I’ve heard it’s rough af
@KateLicker 3 yıl önce
provided I could actually skate well, I'd try is by far the closest thing to watchable of the North American sports, imo..
@frank-bmtz 2 yıl önce
WWII was an inevitable extension of WWI. My mind will never be changed.
@26michaeluk 2 yıl önce
It shouldn't be changed. You're right.
@richardlecomte6839 2 yıl önce
And world war three?
@mamavswild 2 yıl önce
The armistice was supposed to be an ARMISTICE...’peace without victory’ as Woodrow Wilson tried to push...instead it became a victory shoved down a defeated Germany’s throat without their knowledge until the moment that they came to sign. This anger, both tangible and intangible and the brutal forcing of them to acknowledge ‘war guilt’ despite there being plenty of blame to go around, set the stage for the rise of ultra nationalism and the ‘treaty’ left Germany with nothing, nothing that is, but its pride.
@terryerdos6820 2 yıl önce
*watches documentery about how WWll was an extension of WWl "WWll was an extension of WWl" *20 people* "He's right"
@26michaeluk 2 yıl önce
@@terryerdos6820 why even make this comment, for real?
@reepacheirpfirewalker8629 3 yıl önce
I really feel so much sorrow for the loss of life the destruction on the families of all soldiers and the common people. When you look at what was going on in Germany before the war and yeah they didn't lose homes and personal items the way that Belgium or France had lost. But the loss of the humans who would have had such a life within their nation, without it ending the way it had is such an incrimination against the ones, the ones for me who were the biggest contributors for the war is the Austro-Hungarians who wanted the Balkans to have coverage into the black sea I think it was. They forced the German Empire to uphold their treaty with the forces near Serbia. The same soldiers and the way they fought was ridiculous. They assumed the Serbs would lay down their arms and surrender. The Astro-Hungarians were out of their element. By 1918 their empire was destroyed from within, their people were starving they had their fields empty without crops being sowed. The end was as destructful as it was in the German Empire.
@criticaltheories5222 5 aylar önce
I've heard of Hindenburg and the Kaiser but never have I heard of Ludendorff. Thank you for this very very very informative video.
@vincentconti-jb3hd 5 aylar önce
Critical... where did you hear of Hindenburg??? Wasn't that a big blimp? Only historical figure I remember is Wilhelm!!!
@criticaltheories5222 5 aylar önce
@@vincentconti-jb3hd Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg was a German general who gained renown during World War I and later as President of the Weimar Republic.
@vincentconti-jb3hd 5 aylar önce
@@criticaltheories5222 I know now! But did you know before you heard about the Hindenburg disaster?? More famous than him!!!! Just sayin'
@criticaltheories5222 5 aylar önce
@@vincentconti-jb3hd I'm not that old ...
@mikelynch7271 3 yıl önce
“Nowhere have I seen such Lions led by such lambs “ excerpt of poem penned by a WW1 German soldier , describing the unwavering bravery of the British Soldier while being ‘led’ by Cowards in the Rear with their Tea & crumpets
@bri5490 3 yıl önce
Actually 78 British and Commonwealth generals were killed fighting in the trenches. Another 148, were wounded, gassed, or captured. 200 generals from all the combative nations were killed, 78 out of 200 proves they were not at the Chateau sipping tea and playing chess, that is a myth.
@rosesprog1722 3 yıl önce
It was: Lions led by Donkeys:
@user-nw4ej4yc2c 2 yıl önce
@@rosesprog1722 more like donkeys led by bigger ones
@rosesprog1722 2 yıl önce
@@user-nw4ej4yc2c Absolutely, I will never understand why so many young men would accept to die so easily, they seemed to forget that they had families waiting for them at home, they left their wives and kids to a very difficult life... I hate wars.
@silentdeath7847 2 yıl önce
@@bri5490 that's a drop in the ocean compared to all others that died in that war.
@rickden8362 4 aylar önce
As WWI ended in a pyrrhic victory for the allies, so did WWII, the Allies just cant catch a break.
@ronee1959 Yıl önce
A great read outlining all the in and outs of the Armistice, Paris 1919 by Margaret McMillan.
@janveit2226 3 yıl önce
I think that the history understanding is the first necessary step to fix our messed up world. I wish there are more documentaries like this ….
@BiggHogg870 Yıl önce
You can make all the documentaries you want.. if the people don't care (especially today).. They're not going to watch. Everyone would rather look at tiktok as the world crumbles around them 🤷🏾‍♂️. Just stating stating the facts.
@janveit2226 Yıl önce
@@BiggHogg870 I know. You can give a horse water, but you cannot make him drink...
@jacktorrance6404 2 yıl önce
I was always taught that The great war never ended, it was simply put on hold and then finished in the second great war. I'm no fan of President Wilson, but maybe he was right in his approach. Maybe we shouldn't have punished Germany for the war but instead embraced them and reached unity. Had we done that then the second great war may have been avoided.
@rommyremus9650 2 yıl önce
I don’t get why Germany was blamed, they did not start ww1. They came to the aid of an ally, exactly what Russia did.
@brandonbath6097 2 yıl önce
@@rommyremus9650 few more red pills and you’ll understand
@rommyremus9650 2 yıl önce
@@brandonbath6097 id love if you responded with facts, something we can debate, if im wrong or looking at it wrong, please prove it to me because id rather be right. Did Serbia not attack the Austrian Empire? Was that not the start of WW1? I always thought thats what happened. But if im wrong please explain where im wrong.
@LanceMan 2 yıl önce
@@rommyremus9650 Give this a watch. While Germany wasn't fully to blame, their support did give Austria license to push Serbia around. If Germany hadn't supported them, maybe they don't try to push harsh terms on the Serbs. Not saying the Gernams were treated right after the war, but they aren't blameless either for the cause.
@kaustubhdhital2008 2 yıl önce
@@LanceMan @Rommy Remus the Germans gave the “blank cheque” ie their unconditional support to Austria-Hungary, hence emboldening them. It wasn’t Germany who started the war and the Versailles Treaty was extremely draconian in its punishments, but Germany’s full backing of the Habsburgs, Kaiser Wilhelm and the military’s bellicose attitude and Germany’s expansionist views all definitely added fuel to the fire.
@bri5490 3 yıl önce
Field Marshal Douglas Haig was only referred to as the “Butcher” as late as the 1960s. Since the 1980s many historians have argued that the public hatred in which Haig's name had come to be held was not fully deserved. The commander's detractors failed to recognise the adoption of new tactics and technologies by forces under his command, the important role played by British forces in the allied victory of 1918, and that high casualties were a consequence of the tactical and strategic realities of the time.
@MrMoggyman 3 yıl önce
The biggest mistake Haig made, along with all the other generals at the end of WW1, was that they never marched the mass ranks of the infantry into Germany. Later the Germans were of the opinion that they had never lost the war, and that the armistice was just a ceasefire resulting in a twenty year peace. At the end of WW1 Germany was on its knees, and the German troops had had enough. That was the opinion of two men I knew who had fought in WW1, and that of my my great grandfather too. He had fought at Passchendaele. He saw German soldiers surrendering in droves before the armistice. They were done. They all said that this was Haigs biggest mistake other than the Somme offensive. The infantry was never marched into Germany. If that had been done, there would have been no question about who had won the war. These men felt that Haig had let them down in that regard, after all the carnage, suffering, and their efforts on the Western Front. I believed them. The other thing Haig was involved with after WW1 was the pensions and welfare system for the veterans. Veterans were paid a poor pension for a rank generally two ranks below what they had attained in the conflict. Haig always said that he was concerned for the welfare of the troops after the war. That was baloney, it was all a front. Combine the above with the blunders in his outdated tactics along with those of Rawlinson, that resulted in slaughter on a grand scale repeatedly. No wonder the men who had served despised him and called him 'Butcher'. Maybe Haig gained some respect after 1960, but the spirits of the men he wasted on the battlefield, and offended with a paltry pension and welfare system after the war, would have haunted and be waiting to deal with him on the others side in 1928. The men I knew were not happy at all with Haig, and this appeared to be a common theme with many of the returning soldiers. By the grace of God, they had managed to survive his tactical mistakes and blunders. But they remembered.
@rosesprog1722 3 yıl önce
Haig fully deserved his reputation, he was a butcher, all he did was send his men over the top the same way again and again, he wasted lives on an iundustrial scale but they had no one else. I saw an interview with men who had served under him, they were still very angry.
@jesusisaliveannie3594 3 yıl önce
What an excellent documentary! Well done!
@julianmarsh1378 3 yıl önce
The sad part is not that the treaty was not a good one; given the enormous losses, it is not remarkable that a measure of revenge motivated the treaty makers. But not long after, England began to realize they were hurting themselves via German reparations; Germany had been England's number one trading partner before the war and England needed Germany back...France was caught in a trap: they wanted Germany strong enough to pay reparations but not strong enough to fight another war...France scaled back on its initial demands against Germany with the belief England and America would guarantee they would come to France's aid if Germany ever did attack again...when this was not forthcoming, France could only dig in its the Great Depression set in, England offered to cancel all debts it was owed by other countries, principally France and Belgium, if in exchange America would cancel England''s debts which of course the US was not about to there was an opening in time where things could have been worked out after the treaty but that time was squandered....
@asfiaa5501 7 aylar önce
Britain not England.
@asullivan4047 2 aylar önce
Yes so sad 😢 that the general population not the ruling party suffered after the war.
@cliffordthies6715 2 yıl önce
It appears Ludendorff thought he could overcome fatigue with his own will. Will is useful but only to a limited extent. In a short war, will can be key. But, in a protracted war, fatigue and the exhaustion of material resources will eventually determine the outcome.
@thed165 Yıl önce
Is sad that the “war to end all wars” only led to the “war of all wars”
@sambaemol2476 Yıl önce
And worst of all, let to the creation of atomic weapons so deadly that can wipe out humankind with the blink of an eye...
@quakeknight9680 Yıl önce
I think you wanted to say "war to start all wars"
@josesiliezar1758 Yıl önce
Professor David Reynolds is a master of his craft. I agree with him 100%. Great documentary, by the way.
@4realjacob637 Yıl önce
This documentary is so One sided it's hilarious. Saying pride was the driving force is ridiculous. It was actually economics
@jerryc5743 2 aylar önce
3:10 - although I have fancied myself a student of history, while I had seen the connection between the German surrender here and the French surrender in the same rail car during WW2, I did not realize that the WW1 surrender could equally be revenge of the French against Germany for the French surrender in Versailles in 1871, post Franco-Prussian war.
@sandrabbitlane 5 aylar önce
David Reynolds' conventional wisdom rationalized is not enough for me.
@KellyBoganTunesmithchannel 17 gün önce
Very informative! Gives a better understanding of WWII.
@tomasparriles6440 2 yıl önce
Not only did Ludendorf make those decisions, all the armies in ww1 did and in ww2 the Soviets were the most disinterested with their troops
@LathropLdST 4 aylar önce
The Soviets did one thing properly in 17 and it was CALLING FOR THEIR TROOPS TO COME BACK FROM THE FRONT. Are you confusing the Tsar's army with the Soviet one that Lenin called to retire, being bought back to Russia on the dime of the Kaiser? "Disinterest"? Unpreparedness! Calling the war now was a way for the Kaiser to not allow the Tsar to complete his planned upgrade of the railways and military. Russia was caught midway and was not ready to deploy: it was Nicholas's feeling of Protector of the Slavs that pushed him to join to protect Serbia. ...a country whose soldiers had 3 regional wars prior and were ragtag but seasoned. Russia only had a handful veterans from the catastrophic 1905 campaign, and their ordeal could not be chalked as experience. As for WW2, Stalin let the Germans kill his own son when he fell into their hands. What would you expect for regular Soviet soldiers? You are captured, you kill yourself, period. Not disinterest. Inhumanity reeking from the top down.
@maxalfredjoelasemoule3993 2 yıl önce
Sometimes, you end a war with so much pragmatism that you might as well start the next one right away.
@leechowning2712 2 yıl önce
France and England were both of the opinion that a unified Germany was too unstable, and actively declared that they wrote the treaty in such a way as to break the German government. They were very successful. They just didn't consider what would come next.
@justcral 3 yıl önce
To be fair, Lütendorf was partially correct. On the front at this time thousands of war-wesry German soldiers were willingly surrendering/giving way to the allies so they could survive the war as POW's. I don't blame them, but still. Gotta give the man credit for what he got correct.
@DawnOfTheDead991 Yıl önce
All of Germany's allies surrendered, including the Austrians, ling before the armistices.
@bkohatl 3 yıl önce
Max Hoffman, the brilliant German Intelligence Officer who gave Ludendorff and Hindenburg victory.
@bongiwe 3 yıl önce
Thank you for this. I've learned so much about the war in recent weeks by watching these videos and reading.
@loriboufford6342 2 yıl önce
Let's hope its all transparent information. Not twisted for a better view
@karenflanagan1961 Aylar önce
Oh that's awesome and interesting to learn about this topic. Thankful they found 🙏 the young man's grave 🙏 18 years old. I was in a junior in high school, that is how young he was. So sad
@richardwhitfill5253 3 aylar önce
Another great documentary. Thank you TRshow
@robdow6348 3 yıl önce
My Grandpa was a dough boy in France and came back unscathed, but lost his son in WW-2. What terrible waste of precious life.
@mr.ramfan8100 3 yıl önce
Unfortunately and alas, that is war...
@markjohnson9455 2 yıl önce
Excellent documentary. I feel sorry for Erich Ludendorff because in one sense it is similar to Oedipus or Hamlet in how grief visited itself upon their families and his as well. In Erich's case it was pride that got him.
@mobtek Yıl önce
There's a book of the private family correspondence IIRC that paints what a tragic figure he was.
@pratibhasingh7684 2 yıl önce
Thank you so very much for creating such incredibly informative videos !!
@robertjelinski5113 2 yıl önce
Outstanding documentary, thank you very much for sharing this jewel!!!
@misterdonwaters 2 yıl önce
Just finishing Kershaw’s 1st volume Hubris. This really helped bring out the context in which the NSDAP incubated between the two world wars.
@mikkelnpetersen 2 yıl önce
Never fight a war, thinking you can't die or lose.
@richardwarner3705 2 aylar önce
Very good! Super informative & concise.⭐😉👍
@stratowhore9051 3 yıl önce
"Tactics before troops. Diplomacy before troops. All the casualties were worth it. They served their purpose."
@travisfriedland9346 2 yıl önce
Exactly how was it worth it?
@grzegorzbrzeczyszczykiewic1139 Yıl önce
@@travisfriedland9346 he is quoting someone, idk whom
@westpointsnell4167 11 aylar önce
Really ?over two people that were assassinated ?
@jeremycox571 24 gün önce
This was very interesting never saw WW1 from this perspective even though a lot may have known this , so as the saying goes You learn something new everyday
@cdnsk12 2 yıl önce
The Brits have a habit of catastrophic military disasters. 420,00 at the Somme Battles, about 80,000 British, Indian and Australian troops in Singapore became prisoners of war, joining 50,000 taken by the Japanese in the earlier Malayan Campaign.
@stevenmqcueen7576 5 aylar önce
Very well done.
@TMLCentral 2 yıl önce
David Reynolds is awesome. I love how into it he gets lol
@pedropistol7085 2 yıl önce
@mr.ramfan8100 2 yıl önce
He's the best!!
@babua63 2 yıl önce
Why he needs to eat his words at every pause, every end of sentence, in his many narrations, beats me, though, in narration here, his voice usually holds throughout his speech ...
@meandmyself7863 3 yıl önce
the problem of germany during the 2 wars was fighting without real strong ally...they were fighing alone against france, england, russia, and us ....allies like:utomans, italy, greece, hungary...
@skunkygrogan6956 Yıl önce
15 mil. dead- 70 mil. 25 years later: How is it I wonder that humanity continues to survive......
@AKAHEIZER 2 yıl önce
I really appreciate all the original records, many of them are quite unique.
@reepacheirpfirewalker8629 Yıl önce
One thing that you can for real in any way shape or form that whatever writers have to say about somebody from the past or current events a writer writing their little tales don't always follow the clues in many times they just invent them. Then or now.
@geronimothegreywolf 2 yıl önce
As a german i have to say, that generations of my forefathers where missused by idiotic leaders . So we lost almost everything of the fatherland in the two wars against brothers. . And today, we all loose europe without fighting. What will be left of European history in 100 Years?
@cronistamundano8189 2 yıl önce
just lets hope not war again
@johnadams5489 2 yıl önce
Interesting question. German Leadership is not very wise in the 21st Century. Their open border policy will lead to the final destruction of Germany, as well as other countries because the Globalist don't want Sovereign countries.
@sambaemol2476 Yıl önce
@@johnadams5489 Germany since after WW2 is an American colony the USA (whether democrats or republicans in power) determinds the political direction of Germany, and Germany due to all of its history cannot say no to the USA. It's strange how these is blamed on immigrants who have no political office in Germany compared to USA whose immigrants are everywhere in Congress, Senate
@thanhhoangnguyen4754 Yıl önce
@@sambaemol2476 Bismarck must be crying from his grave ever since the WW1 not only that his legacy and Germany in state of it. But also the lost of his country. His country literally is wipe out of the map along with all of history and tradition. He give all his life for his country and king. Now that both of that not even existed anymore.
@thecjbrowne 8 aylar önce
22:30 the commander from his battle HQ could not appreciate what was happening to his men
@johnhopkins6658 5 aylar önce
My great uncle died on the first day of the Somme at Redan Ridge.
@kn9ioutom 5 aylar önce
@DeMenteMinds Yıl önce
Professor David Reynolds is an excellent storyteller.
@Football__Junkie 3 yıl önce
This guy seems like he’s having the time of his life filming this.
@tenztop3414 2 yıl önce
One of the best documentary movie ever!!!!!!
@josebarberena9564 4 yıl önce
Professor David Reynolds is a star.
@mr.ramfan8100 4 yıl önce
He is, isn't he?
@jaysenst.charlesthelakehea9327 3 yıl önce
Mr. Reynolds is a study in what a Professor of History should be. He explains complex issues in a manner that makes consuming the information easy. How he acts out stylistic movements of the leaders, in their times of struggle, when trying to make decisions, they know will affect history, long after they're dead & gone. In one episode about Churchill and FDR, Winston stays at the White House as two men plan war strategy. FDR goes into Churchill's suite just as Winston is getting out of the bath. FDR pauses and says sorry for intruding without knocking. Churchill, a towel around his waist and one in his hands, drying off excess water, looks at FDR and says, "no intrusion my friend, it's not as if we're strangers". With that said, their conversation of Military matters continues, then Winston let's the towel around his waist fall to the floor, as he reaches for his shirt and trousers. David Reynolds acts out the scene, without any props, letting the invisible towel around his waist also fall! Suttle, but everyone gets the picture.
@jsbach9848 3 yıl önce
More generals and politicians should be forced to see the "real" cost of war, just like Ludendorf was forced to do. Perhaps then there would be less wars.
@rosesandsongs21 Yıl önce
Sometimes he is excellent and fair but this is David Reynolds at his worse, claiming to know what Ludendorf was thinking, even impersonating him screaming at his men and claiming that Haig had redeemed his reputation... all false.
@Luubelaar 5 yıl önce
Watching on the 100th anniversary of the Armistice. Lest we forget.
@yousircantknow8987 4 yıl önce
we did, or haven't you heard of WWII?
@mr.ramfan8100 4 yıl önce
Damn straight, bro....
@janelleluckey4942 4 yıl önce
Bill whittle
@marinazagrai1623 4 yıl önce
Luubelaar...the devastation of this war, was ultimately caused by the British queen who hoped to rule the European houses. Even with just a figure of state, kings/queen acnnot have this much power! I'm European but live in the US. My country was under the German crown (Eastern Europe) and the country unified after the war. Germany placed their bet on the wrong horse (Austria).
@mad4669 4 yıl önce
Germany got a raw deal, they should have kept fighting instead of agreeing to the "surrender" that was no armistice
@aurorathekitty7854 Yıl önce
This video is so good my only regret is not being able to hit the like button twice.
@smoothlady1983 Yıl önce
Indeed: no less of an authority than Sir Winston Churchill claimed that there was but ONE world war- 1914-1945.....
@bryancoats5328 2 yıl önce
It’s funny how they left out the part where Ludendorff financed Lenin’s return to Russia and the chance for him to start the revolution.
@svenkonig453 2 yıl önce
it wasn't left out, there is another section (video) that mentions it, that focuses primarily on the war.
@glm6928 2 yıl önce
@SMA Productions true. But for the last half century to America
@alanhughes9193 4 yıl önce
Nice to hear the Australian & the Canadian troops who did much of the fighting from the town of Hamel onwards, or as general Monash called it the heavy lifting, not even get a mention.
@Aarontlondon 4 yıl önce
This presenter is trying to paint the British as entirely supreme over any of her allies or anyone at all. He might as well have said the British won the war outright without help from any of the allies or the Empire.
@robertbryant6859 3 yıl önce
@@Aarontlondon Britain need not have joined in the war in the first place, which would have allowed Germany to beat France and Russia. Britain did join the war, so it may be said that victory was due to Britain.
@ALA-uv7jq 3 yıl önce
@@robertbryant6859 It may be said that if the allies did not help, that Britain would have been soundly beaten just the same in WW2. Then the title of this video would have been How Brits learned to like German sausage.
@Tuoms100 3 yıl önce
Canadians are French and British😅
@TheEdwardrommel 3 yıl önce
You are most correct. The Australians and Canadians performed an incredible breakthrough against the German lines in late 1918...I believe even on bicycles. I have a lot of respect for the performance of British dominion forces in WW1 because at Galipoli and countless other places they did do "the heavy lifting".
@Verdunveteran 5 yıl önce
Contrary to popular belief the armistice that came into effect at 11 o'clock on 11 November did not end the First World War.. It wasn't until the Versailles peace treaty along with various other peace treaties was signed in 1919 that the war was officially over. In the meantime kaos, revolution and war continued to rage in the east of Europe. There the Entente Powers of France, Great Britan and the USA came to fight alongside the Whites against the Red Army, only to be beaten and see the rise of the Soviet Union. At the same time civil war between whites and reds raged in Finland. Soon the newly independent Baltic states aswell as Poland would have to fight for their newly won freedom against the young Soviet Red Army. Also Germany faced revolution aswell as committed troops to military intervention operations in the Ukraine. It wasn't until 1922-23 that peace would really return to Europe. So French, British, German and American soldiers continued to die after 11 o'clock on 11 November 1918. Something that is all to often forgotten.
@britwokay8577 5 yıl önce
You know your history and the edification is provides is appreciated.
@mariekatherine5238 5 yıl önce
So true. The war was not over for my grandparents in Russia.
@tomthx5804 4 yıl önce
Its amazing how people cant spell these days.
@michaelflynt6788 2 yıl önce
I always considered that Korea could've been ww3 already. If the distinguished gentleman Pyke hadn't declared ww3 would be the last war.
@syourke3 3 yıl önce
If the generals had to lead from the front lines, that war wouldn’t have lasted a week.
@abhishekganguly7419 3 yıl önce
If there were no generals then Germany would have lost the in the first week. Generals and officers are the men plan and and soldiers execute it. With the absence of any one of them its a lost cause.
@neilschmid4991 2 yıl önce
Many generals throughout history have led from the front.
@slome815 2 yıl önce
78 British generals died in WW1, a fourth of which by small arms fire.
@Donato93 3 yıl önce
Top quality presentation.
@TheSurferboy1987 3 yıl önce
amazing documentary, please make more!
@danielvelez5762 Yıl önce
This documentary has the most epic soundtrack music from period classics like “The Road to Perdition” and “Atonement” …
@mohammadmahfuz9310 3 yıl önce
though Germany could not become as equal as The british empire at the end of ww1 but it could successfully bring it on the verge of collaspe in ww2
@LTrotsky21stCentury 3 yıl önce
If Ludendorff hadn't pushed for surrender when he did, the defeat of Germany would have been even more decisive and undeniable.
@daleburrell6273 3 yıl önce
@danicornea 2 yıl önce
Very much so ...I respect this video a lot...However do not forget Romnia entering the war in august 1916 with a frontline of 1400 km from the Danube up until northen Bucovina county, just to give France a breathing space on Verdun battle ....Germany took many western troops to newly open front on the east....
@dianesicgala4310 3 yıl önce
My grandfather fought in the First World War. He died when my dear Mum was only 15yrs old. He was only 60yrs old. He signed up when he was 38 yrs old. My grandfather was British.
@Adrian-hq5jk Aylar önce
You make no mention of the decisive contriubutions by the Canadians and Australians towards the end of the war. Generals Currie and Monash brought to the table new ideas which Haig and Foch adopted.
@michaelmallal9101 18 gün önce
Wonderful analysis.
@davidwelch5186 3 yıl önce
After the quick victory in ‘71, Franco Prussia war, germany had deep rooted belief that Germany was far superior to France. In that war, Germany used machined rifled barrels. France was using the old smooth barrel cannon. It was like a BB gun against a hunting rifle. No wonder Germany had a attitude.
@jeffreysommer3292 3 yıl önce
This completely glosses over the Treaty of Versailles, the Revolution of 1918-19, the Hyperinflation of 1923, and the desire of the Allies to grind Germany into the dust. Scarcely amazing that the next war happened...
@dovetonsturdee7033 3 yıl önce
Not so much the Allies, more the French, who needed the reparations to repay huge loans from the United States. Wilson and Lloyd George both thought French demands were too extreme, until the French explained to Wilson why their demands were so extreme. Not that it mattered much anyway, and the French didn't get what they had demanded in any case.
@jeffreysommer3292 3 yıl önce
@@dovetonsturdee7033 I disagree; the French got what they demanded--they just never imagined that that was what they were demanding: although Foch appears to known...
@bolivar2153 2 yıl önce
@@jeffreysommer3292 Actually, Foch made his prediction because he felt the treaty had been far too lenient on Germany.
@SolRC Yıl önce
Peace without profit is a chilling phrase
@shawn78789 5 aylar önce
Sad but so true.
@stephaniechambell1493 4 aylar önce
Wonderful and informative post. May you fix it so the volume doesn’t surge during commercials? It was intense in my earbuds.
@hardyakka6200 3 yıl önce
funny how Sir John Monash never gets a mention by English historians. He was the man that made Haig look good .he saved Haig and Rawlings jobs by HIS new tactics.
@richardturner9317 3 yıl önce
history is a neglected field here in the UK, perhaps because the 'victors' don't believe they have any thing to learn, but also because leftist political views dominate our teaching / education system and they don't want their narrative of incompetent military leaders such as Haig to be challenged by the likes of Monash as this would conflict with the perceptions they are presenting [a war waged by Toff's but fought by sacrificing the Working Classes] ! Haig is much maligned, the mass battles of 1916 were of necessity based on rather simplistic plans because the vast majority of the Officers & troops involved had no or very little battlefield experience and could only be expected to follow a clock-like plan. In 1918 Haig was credited by the French military leadership of winning the war with the battle of Amiens . He was held in good regard by those veterans I personally spoke to in the 1960' & 70's.
@superdrew8564 2 yıl önce
Its because he wasn't a brit. There is zero mention of dominion troops or generals here, like monash, currie, etc
@1828tolstoy 3 yıl önce
A very unessary war.What would the world be like had it never occured.We can only imagine.
@FN-rl2ku 3 yıl önce
As bad as it was, it still escalated progress. That war shaped what our everyday lives are now, from confection clothing sizes to tea bags.
@simonh6371 3 yıl önce
There would probably have been no WW2. Plus there would be peace in the Middle East.
@pepleatherlab3872 3 yıl önce
1840: Troop advancement directly on the heels of a barrage meant to surprise the enemy still in it's cover. Strait from the Rommel book Infantry Attacks.
@marrenrue7731 2 yıl önce
Were did you think he learned it he was in France
@Skipp316 4 yıl önce
Loving the use of Road to Perdition’s soundtrack, amazing doc! 👌
@raymondcaylor6292 3 yıl önce
For selfish reasons I'm glad ludendorff decided to quit. My Mother's father was on a troopship 2 day's away from England's shote. He never stepped foot on any foreign land. After 17 days 20% of the troops disembarked and they welcomed 300 wounded brothers onboard for the trip home. He was discharged within a week. His son, my Uncle not so lucky.... KIA D-Day plus 2 in Normandy.
@susannamarker2582 Yıl önce
The footage in this production is a mix of actual war footage and american war films from the 1920s.
@Wombah-rc6zz 3 yıl önce
It was the Treaty of Versailles that directly lead to the Second World War in Europe. In fact, Nicholson of the British delegation even said at the time "In 25 years we'll have to fight this war all over AGAIN!" He only got one thing wrong. It ONLY took 20 years before "Round 2" started!
@majormadjack8600 3 yıl önce
Well that and Hitlers belief that Judeo-Bolshevik Autarky would lead to the death of the German People and a socialist revolution of the workers
@Argozification 3 yıl önce
Look up the economist Etienne Mantoux. He clearly debunked the Keynesian myth of reparations being too much for Germany to handle.
@vincentconti-jb3hd 5 aylar önce
I believe we can safely say that there are few Ludendorffs left!!!
@violinoscar 3 yıl önce
When I was a boy in school in the 1960s we would make crepe poppies and wear them on our shirts along with a blue ANZAC badge made out of some soft material that felt like silk. Everywhere you would see kids with poppies pinned to their pockets. One year we had a digger come and talk to the class. Regrettably I don't remember much of what he said. Fast forward 55 years. I didn't see a single poppy on a school uniform. I happened to be listening to the radio at 11 o'clock but there was no call for a moment of silence. I still practise it, the remembrance of those men and women who sacrificed so much. In a few years time Remembrance Day will be removed from the calendar and the day will only have significance to historians and movie producers. Then we will repeat it. Because we have forgotten those timeless words: LEST WE FORGET
@FN-rl2ku 3 yıl önce
Maybe it's that Anzac day is more significant for people than Remembrance day?.. Did you know that it's celebrated even in Prague, Czech Republic? Every year Australians and New Zealanders gather to pay their respect to the fallen. Few of ANZAC soldiers were buried there (few as around 8 I think). Now it's not a dawn service and it's on a weekend closest to the Anzac day, but that's probably for allowing more people to attend.
@lexaharpell5196 3 yıl önce
@@FN-rl2ku Were you talking about ANZAC Day outside of Aust & NZ being honoured on a weekend? In Aust & NZ ANZAC Day is a national public holiday on the 25th. Our Dawn Service across the country grows stronger in attendance each year with the younger generations learning and remembering their sacrifice. It's still a strong solemn day for us. Australians and I'm sure NZ's would not have it on any other day.
@FN-rl2ku 3 yıl önce
@@lexaharpell5196 The place meant is in the second sentence.
@FN-rl2ku 3 yıl önce
@@lexaharpell5196 What I meant is that it's amazing that even half a world away Australians and New Zealanders still find the time to organise an event and pay their respects.
@alisonsmith4801 3 yıl önce
You see kids in the UK in school wearing their poppies, we don't forget here in the UK, I buy my poppy from the British Legion who are always busy selling them at my local supermarket, and come the 11th hour on the 11th of November we all stop and pay our respects to our fallen, Remembrance Sunday in November is part of British life with all cities towns and villages actively involved with services and the laying of numerous poppy wreaths. My poppy is for my Great Grandad, John T Nicholson aged 26 killed at Arras, 27th April 1917. A little Geordie lad buried in France.
@pikiwiki 5 aylar önce
Germany had embarked on war, determined to become a world power equal to the British Empire. Never knew that
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