The Real Reason London's Skyscrapers Are Oddly Shaped - Cheddar Explains

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3 yıl önce

London's skyline is spotted with several distinctly shaped skyscrapers. Londoners have awarded these unique building with some quirky nicknames including the Gherkin, the Shard, and the Cheesegrater. But these now iconic buildings weren't designed this way for purely aesthetic purposes.
Further reading:
Historic England
Office for National Statistics
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@360PictureUK 3 yıl önce
Personally I like the unusual designs, the policy to protect St. Paul’s actually encourages designers to think outside the box.
@gasolinewhat 3 yıl önce
Me to
@paxundpeace9970 3 yıl önce
I agree
@TheKaimanguy 3 yıl önce
I have to agree. I usually dont like restrictive policies, but so far this policy seems to be producing positive results: interesting building design, nice vistas and a respect for historical buildings.
@mr.froschi6526 3 yıl önce
thats the beauty of restrictions. It forces people to find another way.
@diskgrinder 3 yıl önce
There’s a story that a Parisian hated the Eiffel Tower, yet he had his lunch in the restaurant everyday. A friend asked him why, to which he said, ‘it’s the only place in Paris I can have my lunch and not see it’
@marcrtaylor 2 yıl önce
It's the same reason I always recommend people go to the top of Rockefellers tower in New York instead of the Empire State. The Empire State is so iconic its actually a bit dissapointing when you get to the top, look out and realise you can't see the most famous skyscraper. It's better to go up rockefellers and get a great view of Central Park and the Empire State itself. Plus, from the street, Rockefellers is boring :)
@FlorentPlacide 2 yıl önce
There's a similar saying abut the Montparnasse tower : the best view of the tower is from atop, as you don't see it.
@thebenedit 2 yıl önce
@@FlorentPlacide That tower is horrendously ugly though! Ruins Paris' skyline!
@FlorentPlacide 2 yıl önce
@@thebenedit I totally agree :)
@B-A-L 2 yıl önce
I take it you are talking about the world renowned author Guy de Maupassant and not just some random anonymous Parisian.
@markgrehan3726 3 yıl önce
Love how these big building companies say they need laws relaxed due to the housing crisis but oddly enough at the end of the project the extra affordable homes seem to almost disappear.
@SecretOfMonkeyIsland784 2 yıl önce
If people want affordable housing they shouldn't be moving to London, its the polar opposite of that.
@grievuspwn4g3 2 yıl önce
@@SecretOfMonkeyIsland784 they shouldn't be moving to cities period. Problem is, they shouldn't be moving to the country either. That land went up years ago.
@SecretOfMonkeyIsland784 2 yıl önce
@@grievuspwn4g3 So no cities and no country, so where are the UK residents supposed to live then?.
@vittortoise 2 yıl önce
@@SecretOfMonkeyIsland784 with their parents. /j
@markhorton8578 2 yıl önce
@@SecretOfMonkeyIsland784 Once the developers have most of the land around you, they can often get councils to issue compulsory purchase against you so they can "benefit the area". I was nearly forced out of my home a few years ago. Many of us would not have been able to afford continuing to live in the place where we had grow up. The compensation would not have bought anything in the area at all. If you are poor, they will throw you out of your own property and move you out of the area without any problem. It is often the case that poor people moved on in this way, have to then commute to work, which is expensive and time consuming (when they used to walk) or rent, which is a rip off.
@creatureofleisure4319 2 yıl önce
Also, a majority of central London is built on soft clay and it’s been the advancement in building techniques over the last 20 years that has allowed skyscrapers to be built
@audiotron1003 2 yıl önce
Being British and having been in the shard I think we can have both modern and old architecture. It's not albout the past otherwise we'd be protecting medieval cottages and nothing else. It's about balance and moving with the times.
@clarkpatient7950 3 aylar önce
I agree however countries like France have done much better at protecting their skyline and heritage.
@kunimitsune177 2 aylar önce
Or we could reject the highly modern hyper-capitalist ugliness
@simonestreeter1518 2 aylar önce
What 'times'? It's about human-scaled architecture, and fine craftsmanship. Neither are taught in architecture schools anymore, and haven't been for a long time.
@HappyBeezerStudios 2 yıl önce
I like how each one of them is unique. No copypasted blocks, but actual creative design.
@firstnamelastname7003 2 yıl önce
I feel like "creative" is giving them a bit too much credit. Basic geometric shapes are hardly all that new...
@mcdonaldspaperbag 7 aylar önce
@@firstnamelastname7003 Im going to assume your American and say that your beloved now destroyed two cuboids were hardly special themselves (twin towers)
@Peter-mj6lz 2 aylar önce
The empire state building looks special though @@mcdonaldspaperbag
@captainhoratiobungleiii7147 3 yıl önce
I can't believe you didn't discuss the "walkie-talkie". The weirdest shaped building probably anywhere.
@tonyclifton265 Yıl önce
and it focuses sunlight on the street below, melting objects like car parts
@TY-sx3jb Yıl önce
@@tonyclifton265 Not anymore
@hmalik5232 Yıl önce
@@TY-sx3jb how did they get rid of the problem?
@TY-sx3jb Yıl önce
@@hmalik5232 Changed the windows
@hmalik5232 Yıl önce
@@TY-sx3jb I thought the issue was the curvature of the windows bending light and concentrating it, did they make the windows tinted or something?
@gleggett3817 3 yıl önce
Two thoughts on tall buildings in London. Prior to the Natwest building, the tallest building in London was the 600-odd feet tall GPO Tower (now BT Tower). And in the Victorian period it was proposed to build a necropolis on Primrose Hill over London which would have been similar height as the Shard but nearly as wide as it was tall. Nicknamed the Pyramid of Death, it could have taken 5 million "burials".
@humphreychannel582 2 yıl önce
London skyline is so unique compared to the majority of big cities. I hope that the unique designs continue whether or not all the corridors remain.
@juanlobo4875 2 aylar önce
I literally work on this (Creating CGI images for planning purposes in London) And indeed, we always use the corridors as viewpoints to check St. Pauls. The intented design of all buildings in London tends to be "as tall and wide as you possibly can within the normative". So, thanks to the normative, we get these cool shapes!
@brian9731 2 yıl önce
I love the mix of old and new in London. I drive around The City and Westminster a lot in the course of my work and it's a whole lot nicer than Canary Wharf (the former Docklands area redeveloped in the 80s and 90s) which is horrible and inorganic. However, to keep the mix of old and new from becoming a total junble, there has to be management and I genuinely think that by and large, they get it right most of the time.
@alexia3552 2 yıl önce
I agree
@EASYTIGER10 Yıl önce
I agree too. I admit I don't know it that well, but Canary Wharf to me is a strange place lacking clear "streets". I prefer the City. A gothic or Victorian church or a Georgian Square can sit next to a 700ft skyscraper, all on proper streets.
@Jim-hw6rv Yıl önce
Also agree... I just hope the never build that 'tulip' it looks hideous! Resembles something you'd see in a x rated video.
@issadiawara38 Yıl önce
Lucky you 🙏🏾🙏🏾🤗🤗🤗🤣
@carlosimotti3933 3 aylar önce
Nah, the "new" just sucks. And it's not new at all
@rjp666 Yıl önce
One iconic building you left out was The Post Office Tower completed in 1964 and is approx 190m tall and was the most visible building in London for many years
@hpsauce1078 3 yıl önce
We know you really wanted to make this video because it gives you an excuse to talk about cheese graters, isn't that right Cheddar?
@decb 3 yıl önce
Cheesegrater 2: Cheesier Than Thou
@spheredude6003 3 yıl önce
The channel is called *cheddar* :P
@konsultarvode6527 3 yıl önce
@@spheredude6003 no way?
@kyotokid4 3 yıl önce London is going to have two cheese graters, the original one for Cheddar and the new one most likely for Cheshire.
@allanrichardson1468 3 yıl önce
The early phased array radar buildings in the sixties (for all I know, probably the new ones also) were shaped like a ten story or more, hundred foot or more wide, 45 degree cheese WEDGE! The 45 degree wall, facing in the direction to be surveilled, was filled with an array of thousands of antennas whose signal phases were computer controlled to electronically “point” in any direction. Today they are probably much more complex, but geometry would probably dictate a similar shape. But of course, they aren’t located in a city, for security reasons! The one I toured in 1968 was on an Air Force Base in Florida. We got the censored declassified tour, of course.
@randomdude4207 3 aylar önce
London is such an extraordinary city, since skyscrapers will conquer it in the next few years anyway they should at least have attractive shapes and offer something interesting to honor the city. It's always been special, and hopefully always will be.
@mariabarnet9011 3 yıl önce
Thank you for a very informative video. I am all for preservation. You can build new cities from scratch but you should respect and maintain old cities’ architecture. The new towers seem to be of phallic proportions and I don’t think they gel well together.
@castelodeossos3947 3 aylar önce
Very sorry, if one's mindset is so strongly sexualised as to perceive the Gherkin, Shard, and Cheesegrater as of phallic proportions, then any skyscraper will appear phallic, as will anything that is long and thin, including corn cobs, cucumbers, even fingers, fence posts and candles.
@iwanttocomplain 3 aylar önce
I said the exact same thing but with 10 times more words.
@iwanttocomplain 3 aylar önce
@@castelodeossos3947 I’m reading comments saying skyscrapers are completely unnecessary. Even tower blocks. Because they are.
@astridglogovski1170 2 yıl önce
The shard is my personal favorite…. It basically has double skin so it can breathe and white glass so it can project the weather. And the fact that it’s useable 24-7 is amazing. Renzo Piano did an amazing job with that building.
@leahstone9938 2 yıl önce
It has a bit of a tendancy to melt cars but yeah
@1ilostmymarbles 2 yıl önce
Plus the enormously increased wind at the bottom is horrid for commuters at London Bridge Station.
@AnsityHD 2 yıl önce
@@leahstone9938 You're thinking of the walkie-talkie.
@mreraser2968 Yıl önce
The shard is beautiful
@justcomments 2 yıl önce
One of the benefits of uninterrupted view corridors and uniquely shaped buildings, is that you can navigate the streets more easily without technology. Sometimes walking in busy city streets with your head in your phone is pretty bloody dangerous. Whereas if you know you’re aiming for “roughly near the spire” you can use the landmarks to make most of your way there.
@jonathonshirley4169 3 yıl önce
As somebody who is majoring in architectural design, this video was incredibly well put together. It’s interesting to see how people outside of the profession report/create educational content on it.
@eljefesmotherislgbt3728 3 yıl önce
Client and Planners dictates what you design. You people are just AutoCAD junkies.
@jonathonshirley4169 3 yıl önce
@@eljefesmotherislgbt3728 ha! Not at all.
@Blaqjaqshellaq 3 yıl önce
I like the Gherkin. At least it looks like something nature would produce.
@sebastianelytron8450 3 yıl önce
Get your mind out of the gutter.
@hisdivinegraceimperialmaje4178 3 yıl önce
its one of my favorite buildings to
@magnusuhlinlynne3659 3 yıl önce
It looks like a suppository pill
@nemanjaras 3 yıl önce
A turd?
@Totalinternalreflection 3 yıl önce
All buildings look like something nature would produce in case you forgot that humans (that evolved here) build them out of materials mined from the earth itself.
@shanefarrell5759 3 yıl önce
It's a shame that londons already nice skyline from 3/4 years ago is unrecognizable today - the rate at which these scrapers are being built (north of the thames) doesn't allow for them to become iconic anymore
@henreereemanmini3973 Yıl önce
@crr434 Yıl önce
@CallieRoses 2 aylar önce
@DeadLifeBoat100 Aylar önce
@Omglod2486 3 yıl önce
As a Londoner I love learning where the shapes of these building came from! Also I’d love to find out what the proposal is for these skyscrapers post pandemic, when working from home will be a new preference for many people, and coming into the City to work in one fo these building may not be needed as much.
@RedRocketthefirst Yıl önce
Ok. But make better infrastructure
@doncarlodivargas5497 3 yıl önce
A really strange thing with architects are how they only see one single building, while I, as a non-architect see all the buildings in my vicinity at the same time, and I see either, a mess, or something nice, usually I see the opposite of what an architect see I think
@Grace-mb8tb 3 yıl önce
Australia’s the opera house was considered ugly when it was finished and was hated by a lot of people. Now it’s an iconic symbol to reflect boats sails at sea, and when you see it in person it’s a stunning bit of architecture that will forever by iconic to Sydney
@nic9511 2 yıl önce
This makes me love my city so much more, everything is designed to not obstruct our oldest landmarks 😍
@RuboStars 2 yıl önce
Nonsense. One day the Gherkin will be an old landmark, and people will cry and ask why it has been obstructed by so many skyscrapers around it
@arryn786 2 yıl önce
@@RuboStars I mean most skyscrapers look like shit so I would rather be able to see a nice looking old landmark than shit...
@thetimelapseguy8 2 yıl önce
​@@RuboStars I think skyscrapers are complemented by other skyscrapers around them. However old landmarks dont fit in with skyscrapers so they shouldnt be obstructed.
@heyhey8626 2 yıl önce
@@thetimelapseguy8 I agree. With some cities which became industrialised and important a bit later (e.g: Hong Kong, Taibei) Have skyscrapers that look pretty good because they work with the rest of the environment because it was all designed at a similar time. My opinion at least.
@steveupson7183 3 yıl önce
Surprised that you didn’t mention the car-melting ‘Walkie-Talkie’.
@hareecionelson5875 3 yıl önce
Indeed, some poor person's lemons were scorched on a hot day, and a door mat was burned
@GoinManta 2 yıl önce
Same here
@pippylunalove 2 yıl önce
The worse thing about the walkie talkie is it is the 2nd building designed by Rafael Viñoly that sets things on fire and melts cars twice a year.
@HamedAdefuwa 2 yıl önce
iv always called it the popcorn building
@mandowarrior123 2 yıl önce
@@pippylunalove actually, it wasn't his fault with the walkie talkie. He stipulated in his plans to angle the glass to avoid it. The engineers saw needless complexity and expense and so simplified it, putting back the error, as far as i understand it.
@forwardslashbeats3091 3 yıl önce
From where I live in London, I get a pretty good view of the city of London's buildings. During the construction of one building, I believed for the longest time that they had arranged the glass on it to look like a giant play button. It was 6 months before I found out that it's actually two buildings and just because of the angle of my view in New Cross, the roof of one building perfectly overlays the front of a much larger building to make it look like the button. I like to believe that this was intentional.
@ginnyjollykidd 3 yıl önce
I like the Gherkin! 😊 The others, not so much. Now the first skyline you showed was outlined. I noticed the outline looked very much like a normal EKG. But with each addition of a skyscraper, that "heartbeat" looked rather arrhythmic like the heart was a very irregular heartbeat with unusual "beats" around the newer buildings. Perhaps there is a harmonic consideration builders need to follow? I know, sounds kind of woo-woo, but still... maybe?
@steveipsen6293 2 yıl önce
Love the aerial views. Really puts the layout of London into perspective.
@crazyc4793 3 yıl önce
Fun fact: the form of the Empire States building is almost entirely decided by the NYC building code (setbacks and maximum distance between the building core and the facade etc.)
@allanrichardson1468 3 yıl önce
That’s probably why, except for the spire, it resembles the Chrysler building.
@campkira 3 yıl önce
yeah it was accoding the road upfront.. same with some of my build there are hegith limited..
@toybitszzz 2 yıl önce
For several years I cycled over a couple of different bridges (could choose on the way in as I was cycling from Crystal Palace to the City) and my choice was based on what view of St Pauls. I have no view on whether it should be preserved as I don't live in London any more but I can say it's utterly spectacular and would be a shame to see these policies dropped.
@skyrockhou6325 3 yıl önce
Austin, TX has “capitol view corridors” that dictate that no buildings can be built within the direct line of sight of the capitol building from 26 different vantage points within the city of Austin. Pretty cool and results in some uniquely shaped buildings.
@Im__A__Fan 3 yıl önce
SLC has a road where you can see the capitol building from MILES away. 1 straight road for about 15-20 miles. (Covers 3/4 of the SLC valley.) Road is called N State st.
@johnfoltz8183 3 yıl önce
And DC has a height limit on tall buildings
@saml6140 3 yıl önce
John Foltz same as most European cities like paris
@rosaamarillo2110 3 yıl önce
You use to be able to see the Texas capitol on the I-35 elevated section.. not anymore.. must not be one of those 26 points..
@skyrockhou6325 3 yıl önce
Rosa Amarillo I know, it’s kind of sad, but there are still some spots on 35 where you can see the dome
@eugheugheugh 3 yıl önce
One city incredibly effected by protected views is Paris, where strict height restrictions protect the historic centre of the city from skyscrapers and protect the views of the Eiffel Tower.
@RedRocketthefirst Yıl önce
Ok. But fr*nce sucks
@HeidiBird 4 aylar önce
I love the wild collection of creatively shaped buildings in London - and I also wholeheartedly agree that the view of St. Paul's as a landmark should be preserved. Just clumping together a bunch of skyscrapers in the minimal available space in the city with no regard for iconic historic sites will rob it of its character.
@user-ij5sp4zv5h Aylar önce
I love how it makes designers think outside the box It makes the sky like unique
@chloesmith4491 2 yıl önce
Really surprised that BT Tower wasn't mentioned, went up in 1964 and is 620ft so pretty sure it qualifies (also it's pretty iconic.)
@Sup3rStud 2 yıl önce
Definitely a number of other building they could have mentioned but assume they were mainly focusing on the City of London rather than Greater London (apart from the Shard of course)
@firstnamelastname7003 2 yıl önce
It's also effing ugly. Plus we recently had to watch Prince Philip's face paraded around it like some sort of dance macabre.
@user-ki6id4vt8u 6 aylar önce
@@firstnamelastname7003 it really looks fine
@DirtCobaine 2 yıl önce
Reminds me of my hometown here in Las Cruces, NM. We have sky scraper restrictions to keep the skyline clear to preserve the beautiful view of the organ mountains. Which you can see from any part of the city. Not that we’re a big enough city to have huge sky scrapers, but we have interesting looking buildings that were supposed to be tall so I wonder if they look as interesting as they do because of the restrictions
@anthonymathias4043 3 yıl önce
As a Londoner myself I really like the protected views because it in many ways has led to more innovative building designs
@natatatt 3 yıl önce
Agreed, same thing happens with Vancouver and its view corridor restrictions. Ex: Vancouver House, looks like a shark took a bite out of the bottom.
@campkira 3 yıl önce
trust me anything is better than build that just maximum the build area.. since it would be endless square... if you try to build in countryside.. you had to deal with old desgin and you can not do the differnt color let ago... differnt design...
@jimbo573 3 yıl önce
Agreed. London's architecture has lately become really distinctive and fun, while preserving the status of our older buildings like St Paul's.
@AliDawn 3 yıl önce
Definitely think the sightlines for St Paul's should continue. I think they should add new protected sightlines for The Gherkin. There are so many other developments in the area that The Gherkin is disappearing from the skyline in some places due to taller buildings over shadowing it.
@wallachia4797 2 yıl önce
The Gherking is hideous, it would be far from a bad thing if it got replaced by other buildings in the skyline
@darrenrigby5687 6 aylar önce
Being a fan of modern architecture, i really appreciated this information. Thank you.
@marialealealeale 2 aylar önce
My favorite thing about London is that mix of history with modern and odd design! It’s so beautiful and a reflection of change 🤩 no other city has the same vibe
@QueenRoblyn 2 aylar önce
Many European cities mix history with innovative/quirky modern architecture, London has an iconic skyline because they're grouped but I don't think it's particularly special. Yes, it has it's own vibe but you could say that of lots of places.
@7saany 2 yıl önce
London clearly has done a great job with its architecture, I'm sure it will continue to do the same in the future as it has in the past
@Eva-mp7xg Aylar önce
I've seen the Walkie-Talkie many times in this video (it's close to the Gherkin), but not a single mention. It has the magic power (a concave reflective surface) to lit up cars and doormats around itself when the sun shines from a certain direction.
@kenster8270 3 yıl önce
I love this kind of educational mini-docu content! I also find these single-person home-studio productions much more personal, intimate and authentic somehow. Thanks COVID, I guess? :)
@juliusbernotas 3 yıl önce
The shard is one good looking skyscraper. I was totally in awe when i first saw it
@FloridaMan69. 2 yıl önce
that's what people say about my profile picture
@baronvonjo1929 3 yıl önce
I love the unique designs. Pure blocks look kinda dumb. The only exception for me personally was the Twin Towers as they were much larger taller than anything else and were doubles of each other. I went to Atlanta a year ago and it had a few interesting skyscrapers with unique tops. But a few were just ugly concrete rectangles.
@geoffjones5421 2 aylar önce
Did you know the the first steel re-enforced concrete and glass building was erected in Swansea, south Wales by a company called Weaver? It was the pre-cursor of all skyscrapers. Unfortunately it was pulled down a few decades ago but a blue plaque is there to mark the site. Many construction companies from all over the world came to see it when it was first built. Pity that no one in the UK itself took advantage of the innovation.
@jamesmiddleton8335 2 yıl önce
Once a year, pretty much every year of my life, i have stood where this camera is roughly 9:00 and looked at the city skyline, first of all this park (greenwich park) is one of my favorite places in the world so going there is no chore for me, but every couple of years the view changed, and I love watching it develop.
@stewartmackay 2 yıl önce
London is also sitting on clay, which posed a problem for decades as far as constructing very tall buildings is concerned. Here in Europe there is also a slight hesitation as our cities are much older and many people don't want the skylines to end up a sea of towers like some US & many Asian cities.
@kyle8851 3 yıl önce
Sounds like the policy continues to be a good thing as it protects views of an historic site while making the rest of the surrounding cityscape more interesting to look at. Sounds like a win win to me! Hope to visit London someday to see these intriguing buildings and sites!
@robertlindhe1970 Yıl önce
I think London is a marvellous example how you can mix old and new in a tasteful way. Tall doesn't have to be boring. For instance, Stockholm is very much afraid to build tall buildings close to its absolute center.
@robzsarmy5471 Yıl önce
Its a love or hate thing I actually love it . Its the opposite of Paris who has all the shiny new buildings concentrated in one area
@jerkchickenblog 3 yıl önce
Austin is another city that has legally protected 'vistas' or avenues of sight to the state Capitol. Also no tall buildings can be too close to each other, and many have to have a stair step design to allow more sunlight to hit the city streets. This is also something they say in San Francisco, but it keeps many private home owners from adding to their homes, which is a point of huge contention.
@jetsons101 2 yıl önce
The city of Anaheim CA has a agreement with Disneyland called the Disney Cone. It's something that very few people know about, yet it has a major influence on how the Disneyland Resort, and surrounding city of Anaheim is built. No buildings or other structures can't be built that can be seen from inside of Disneyland. The "cone" radiates outward from Disneyland so that the closer to the park the shorter the structure has to be, the further out from the park the taller the structure can be. Funny but true.
@0h0h0h0 3 yıl önce
The Dutch ambassy in Berlin (designed by OMA/Rem Koolhaas) has a very specific point in the inside, where you stand at the bottom of a stairs and look up (looking over the stairs), there's a window that perfectly frames the Berliner Fernsehturm. Koolhaas managed to get the municipality to rule that nothing would be built that would obstruct that view, for the next 100 years or something.
@jesse2114 2 yıl önce
I love London. I feel like it sets itself apart from all other major cities that just give way to skyscrapers. Tall buildings really just swallow up everything around them and take away from that "home" feeling you get from smaller structures. I love the views of St. Paul's and I think it should be preserved.
@ninja1676 3 yıl önce
They should built modern buildings far apart from older buildings because it overshadow their historical areas that were there way before them. It wouldn't be nice to have that type of skyline, it's not simply not balance by time or style.
@shanekeenaNYC 3 yıl önce
However when you restrict too much you forego potentially immense innovations. What if the historical walk-up that is cherished now has major structural deficiencies and doesn't hold up to modern code? What if the lack of sustainability simply makes it unworthy to preserve? Even diamonds age, so what do you do? Preserve it? Destroy it without replacement? No? You break the ruler and build a new diamond.
@duncanadelaide4054 3 yıl önce
In 400 years it will be completely balanced by its age. You must remember, those 'historical areas' contain buildings as old as the Tower of London (the oldest portion of which was built in 1066 CE) just streets away from the Leadenhall Market, which is in a building built in 1881 CE (to replace a building built in 1449 CE). If the Gherkin is still standing in 2420 CE, an a 25th century building gets put up next to it, people may very well complain that "25th century architecture completely overshadows the historic 21st century architecture and throws the skyline off-balance". But London's entire charm is based off of old buildings near even older buildings near seemingly impossibly old buildings. It's a chain in which the newest links are modern structures.
@RexGalilae 3 yıl önce
This is why many historical metropoles have "New" and "Old" sections, allowing the history to live in harmony with the present
@michellebyrom6551 3 yıl önce
Separating old and new quarters works where the two districts have different purposes eg Hausmanns central Paris and La Défènce. In Londons case, the bombings from WW2 left a lot of empty sites. There's over a millennia of building in London so it's impossible to claim one style being more locally authentic than another. Keeping the skyline and overall visual aesthetics in mind for new buildings maintains a pleasant environment. Shape and scale matter more than style in this perspective. Quite how the walkie talkie got through planning I've no idea. Its top heavy shape puts pressure on the area around it. Balanced sculptures don't have to narrow at the top. They do have to have a good relationship with the space around them. Height, mass and sightlines are part of this.
@carinedemolin7832 3 yıl önce
If you visited Seoul, you'd see an amazing example of old and new buildings coming together. For example from Gyeongbokgung palace, you are surrounded by sky scrapers but somehow it doesn't feel odd. It actually reflects the culture of the country: very modern but respectful of its past. Walking through London, the architecture flows pretty nicely most of the time and you find yourself going from Victorian areas to more modern ones without really noticing it.
@Lololol24LA 3 yıl önce
I would critique the buildings all the time when I lived there, they’re so ugly! It makes London feel so weird, but it blew my mind to see them cause I genuinely did not think London had sky scrapers. They really managed to have incredibly old architecture, as well as 7yr old towers, and blend them together. It’s remarkable
@campkira 3 yıl önce
it not really city for living.. most people who still living there are their parent place.. it a city of trade...
@teeps8124 3 yıl önce
London’s first skyscrapers were constructed in 1925 and 1929 respectively. Adelaide House, which sits on the river next to London Bridge and 55 Broadway, the former offices of the London Transport Board. The NatWest tower was London’s first modern glass skyscraper, but not its first.
@ohiomaimoukhuede6640 2 yıl önce
I live by the Thames and I personally love having that view of St Pauls. London has for me one of the best skylines in the world.
@RedRocketthefirst Yıl önce
No,its gay
@Drobium77 4 aylar önce
@@RedRocketthefirst it's happy?
@schubertuk 6 aylar önce
As a Londoner - (i) I like the fact I can see St Pauls from so many places (including King Henry's mound - 10 miles away); (ii) I love the eclectic set of sky scrapers (mini - by New York standards - but big for us!) we have created - they all have individual character. I think we are at our best when we combine the old and embrace the new together; so I would rather see the protected views of St Paul's continue - and use that to force us to innovate new and exciting designs to provide the spaces we need. Finally - after COVID - the fact is the pressure on office space seems to be considerably less - a much higher proportion of office workers are working from home at least 2 days a week, so there is a lot of potential "use of space" requirements that could be reassigned to help create many new and spacious living places.
@jmagrippis 2 yıl önce
Great video! Any thoughts on the new Bishopsgate? Originally it would be “the spiral” and have a dragon coming around it 🐉 now it’s... mostly tall and super thick!
@bbt305 3 yıl önce
Great article about architecture, art, and engineering! She always makes interesting reports I have noticed! Thx Chris!
@judethaddeus9856 3 yıl önce
Washington DC always has building-height regulations. It’s probably one of the most significant cities to have that... I think they a,so have it in France and Italy It would seem « the tulip » did more for the city’s skyline as they already have a « cheese grater », not sure why they need two; « the tulip » looked absolutely amazing. I hope to see it constructed somewhere one day
@technojunkie123 3 yıl önce
I hope they continue to protect their historic skyline, because it's already become so dominated by skyscrapers and building cranes. See the skyline from Primrose Hill - nearly all the historic buildings have been drowned out by skyscrapers or works in progress. I'm surprised London didn't do what Paris did by having a separate section of the city outside the historical center that's dedicated to building skyscrapers that won't obstruct historic views
@ejonesss 2 yıl önce
another reason for the oddly shaped buildings is to effect how the winds influences the buildings. if a standard tower building is involved in a vortex wind it could cause swaying and the pressure could not break as it is locked in place by the flat sides of the building where as a cone shaped building could allow the vortex winds to fully engulf the building like as if the building was in the eye of a tornado.
@Wasserfeld. 3 yıl önce
What's hardly shown in this video is Canary Wharf and Nine Elms. The development of skyscrapers in those parts of London the last 10 years has been phenomenal. There has also been complaints over a skyscraper in Stratford than appears to infringe on the protected view to St Pauls. I always thought the views were law, rather than a policy.
@carloberruti178 2 yıl önce
As to buildings’ height limitations, Milan gives another interesting example. Until the late 50s, it was forbidden to erect buildings that would stretch beyond the height of the golden Madonna statue that’s on top of Milan cathedral’s spire (108 metres or 354 feet). When the permission for the first building taller than this was given, in the 50s (for the Pirelli Tower, 127 metres or 417 feet tall), a replica of the “Madonnina” statue was put atop the building’s roof, as a sign of continuity and respect. Ever since, all of Milan’s skyscrapers bear a replica of the statue on the rooftop, as a symbol and a form of respect for traditions.
@deechr1602 3 yıl önce
Amazing video-thanks-I'm embarrassed to say I never realized London had this modern skyline.
@gavinathling 3 yıl önce
You can view London quite nicely from the top of the Shard. Well worth adding to a visiting itinerary.
@deechr1602 3 yıl önce
@@gavinathling I was in London in 1987, before the Ferris wheel addition, and want to go back as soon as possible to see this architectural marvel.
@dalecn2417 3 yıl önce
@@deechr1602 yeah in that time London has changed massively in the Western World its got one of the highest amount of skyscraper activity currently with loads planned and under construction or just completed
@JackMitchell404 3 yıl önce
@@gavinathling Can I just say the the Monument to the Great Fire is a hell of a lot cheaper than the Shard, is actually in the city and climbing its 311 steps is a lot more fun than standing in a lift. The Monument (yes, hence the station name) is a 202ft tall zenith telescope designed by Christopher Wren and Robert Hooke with an outdoor balcony at the top. It's a little taller than Nelson's column and is shockingly little known. Screw the Shard, climb the Monument.
@sihollett 3 yıl önce
@Fabian Deasy If avoiding monstrosities is the aim, then the Sky Garden at the top of the Walkie Talkie is the way to go.
@darkpraxis 3 yıl önce
This reminds me of the 2nd St corridor in Seattle. You have a stunning view from the top of historic Smith Tower (first "skyscraper" in the city) through the canyon of modern skyscrapers in Downtown to the Space Needle in Olympic Park. I don't know if the viewing corridor was by happy accident, by design, or building regulations, but it's a beautiful urban landscape to behold at night. Edit: google search for photos of it, it's worth the few seconds search for a nice view.
@corpi9951 3 yıl önce
I think the corridors are good, not only because they let you see big sights better, but the also make architects tink of new ways for buildings, and make them come up with more, new and funny shapes for scyscrapers
@MosheFeder 3 yıl önce
Gosh, the London skyline has certainly changed since I was last there. The only one of the new buildings I’ve seen in person is the Gherkin. I wish my hometown, New York, had more such “interesting” buildings. The rank of super-tall slivers on “Billionaire's Row” overlooking Central Park is an aesthetic disaster.
@lestranged 2 yıl önce
Tapered buildings like this also do not block as much sun (they cast narrower shadows on the streets and parks below) and they create less of a wind tunnel effect. Some New York streets with boxy high rises on both sides have a terrible wind tunnel effect.
@ralphwarmancomposer 9 aylar önce
Really informative interesting video! Thank you for putting this together!
@flavoursofsound 3 yıl önce
Soon after completion, 30 St Mary’s Axe also had other nicknames such as Towering Innuendo and Crystal Phallus (a pun on Crystal Palace in South London). Thankfully “The Gherkin” stuck as the nickname. When I was studying for my architecture degree, I heard a rumour from some of the tutors at the uni that one of the original concepts was supposed to have an dome-shaped observation deck at the top with a glass floor, a bit like the CN Tower in Toronto. The observation deck was scrapped mostly because of 9/11 but also really it just looked too much like a penis.
@user-nf9xc7ww7m 3 yıl önce
The problem is, if there's not a lot of activity daily, the gherkin starts to get soft and fall over. 🤪
@derekwithers2614 2 yıl önce
I remember it being known as "The erotic gherkin" early on but it got shortened to what we have now.
@pbilk 3 yıl önce
I like preserving historic views, skyline looks and think the policies should stay and be enforced. As one person said, the policy encourages designers to think out of the box and that's good.
@kaylaabendroth1174 3 yıl önce
i like the unique skyscrapers! i’ve never liked how traditional ones look, so boring. i agree that too many of these could cause a hectic and chaotic skyline, but the ones they have right now are cool?
@amstreater 2 yıl önce
I love the Gherkin. It gives me a sense of orientation and as someone who's mostly lived in East or North East London it helps me know when I'm near home.
@danskkr Aylar önce
i loved the gherkin when it was clearly visible, it added real character to the skyline. But now it's surrounded by ego sized glass box skyscrapers so you can barely see it anymore - and render that cool idea about letting the wind flow around it, little chance of that helping now.
@concernoutsider7551 2 yıl önce
i like the idea of one building distinguish building being seen miles away in all direction. will certainly help people find their way easier.
@kixlepixel 3 yıl önce
londoner; i love that a lot of our tall buildings look weird and aren't just big rectangles. i think the st pauls laws can be a bit over the top sometimes but i do support protecting some views, especially from king henry viii's mound. i also wish there would be some effort from modern designers to kind of blend the aesthetics of modern glass structures and old stone buildings as a lot of the city is very much one extreme or the other
@almostanengineer 2 yıl önce
Having watched the sun set over the city from Greenwich Observatory, it’s such an amazing view, and wonderful that you can still see St Paul’s from the observatory.
@oliversimpson82 2 yıl önce
It’s a shame the Walkie-Talkie wasn’t mentioned as its history meant that it had to be changed as after construction it began to melt cars and the road it was on.
@tclapson Aylar önce
I think that the housing in England is in Great British Pounds £££'s and not $$$ United States Dollars like demonstrated in this otherwise excellent video. The view from King Henry's mound is very impressive as it literally cuts through a gateway of parting trees to see the St. Pauls Cathedral miles away... fascinating stuff !!
@raydawson2767 Yıl önce
London has stricked planning laws dating back to the tudors,so in specific areas mainly west London,high rise buildings cannot be built,that obstruct the view from Hampton court palace to St. Paul’s cathedral,I am sure their might be another relating to windows castle,that’s why they could build Canary Wharf.
@priatalat 2 yıl önce
I think they look dope, really shows the designers care about the city and it's not just for financial gains.
@iot1452 3 yıl önce
We Londoners love our city as it is. Skyscrapers and residential blocks can come up in still untapped parts of London. Leave the historic parts aloneness
@diametheuslambda 3 yıl önce
The Green Belt?
@NewPaulActs17 3 yıl önce
heathrows 3rd runway?
@theanonymoussirbackspace8197 3 yıl önce
No, the new skyscrapers look really cool, the way they sorta contrast with the old.
@campkira 3 yıl önce
skyscraper also part of tourist plan since you go somewhere it a landmark... so a unique desgn would get appved more than just build that just max the area...
@campkira 3 yıl önce
@@theanonymoussirbackspace8197 who care.. the london fire destory most old build away and ww2 do the other so the rest is less than 100 years old..any older would not be effect like some area in countryside that you can not build anything new ...
@onthebeachinsitges 2 yıl önce
The Gherkin has the coolest bar at the top, with a glass roof. Part of a business club where you could take your clients. Before the towers were built around it it had the best view in London
@sukanjanachuaiprasit5199 2 yıl önce
I think it is important to keep all the historical building as much as we can and I don't think they should build more tall building to block the view of St. Paul's.
@showyourvidz 2 yıl önce
Love the odd shapes of new architecture but also love what was erected in the past. Covering St. Paul's with skyscrapers is like covering the Mona Lisa with a veil. Paris did it right by zoning in La Défense. Why can't more cities mark out areas to be preserved & other areas for new architecture?
@theiceelemental2770 3 yıl önce
I've been here once and honestly, the London skyline was mind blowingly cool to me.
@campkira 3 yıl önce
i living in tokyo and i found it a mess...
@salutic.7544 2 yıl önce
Sainayoro the gherkin and cheese grater are complete shit, I could see the others possibly working but it’s still eh
@toddhunter3137 Yıl önce
I absolutely love the walkie-talkie building, it's so bizarre looking! 😁
@user-vn7ce5ig1z 3 yıl önce
2:17 - Oh hey, it's the "walkie-talkie", aka, the "death-ray building". The worst part about it is that its architect Rafael Viñoly made the exact same sun-focusing-magnifying-glass-like-death-ray mistake when he designed the Vdara in Las Vegas three years earlier but learned nothing. 🤦
@rey4874 3 yıl önce
U watched that video?
@return4570 3 yıl önce
The walkie talkie is an absolute mess of a building that has totally negated all efforts to protect London's skyline
@terrycoleman8559 3 yıl önce
I worked on the walkie talkie . It was designed to have non reflective glass . The builder tried to save money and changed the glass which resulted in melted cars/pavements
@jonomoth2581 3 yıl önce
If you're going to call the walkie-talkie by a more descriptive name, it's obvious the scorchy-talky
@MrDenislynch 3 yıl önce
But the garden is nice
@nathalie9329 3 yıl önce
I like the idea of the corridors to protect views of st Paul's. After all, if I stand somewhere with a view of London I always instantly go " oh look I can see st pauls from here" and not "oh look I can see *insert random modern building*" (although this may not always be the case for the shard xD) I think it is worth keeping and makes architects think outside the box, thereby increasing the diversity of the skyline
@jazy13u 2 aylar önce
I love St. Paul's its very magnificent and a joy to see in the distance but we need to be a bit more flexible so we can dominate the skyline in the world!! I would much rather have the first gherkin building than the actual gherkin. It's unique but i prefer big majestic buildings alongside big majestic St Paul's. 👍
@dlwatib 3 yıl önce
I hope Londoners retain the policy of keeping vistas of the dome open. It just seems like the right thing to do. Plus, it's resulted in some interesting architecture.
@3Zclap Aylar önce
it would be great if this translated to the rest of the country and to private residence/ rented housing. it would be wonderful to see houses of all different colours and designs instead of the same horrible red brick...
@lildoc 3 yıl önce
When I first moved to London ages ago, I felt like I was ripped off! I was expecting to see a downtown with tall skyscrapers similar to the template adopted by many US cities but I couldn't find many. Canada Square was an embarrassment in front of the Empire State, WTC or the Sears Tower. However, I realised pretty quick that every great city has its own character and a historical city like London was better off without those tall buildings and concrete jungles.
@lzh4950 Yıl önce
Reminds me of how the 1st time I visited _Beijing_ & found it to be more different from _Shanghai_ than I thought, with more low-rise & spaced-out buildings
@tonyclifton265 Yıl önce
our skyscrapers may suck but we gots good 18th century pubs, bucky
@user-bl1ve4ej8u 3 yıl önce
honestly, aside from the gerkins.. the others look weird and dont fit in with london's historic architectural designs.. i think tall buildings should be designed aesthetically and similar so they give a view like the housing buildings of london with similar architectures yet beautiful seen from above or afar
@ruk2227 3 yıl önce
They look nice in person though. They don't seem at all out of place
@apangel100 3 yıl önce
You obviously haven’t been to the city of London where the skyscrapers are ... there aren’t that many historic buildings left considering they were all bombed in the war. Most of the architecture in the financial district is 1960’s / 1970’s office blocks
@NewPaulActs17 3 yıl önce
i'd say a replica of the empire state building would blend quite nicely, scaled down perhaps? yet cozy with london?
@digital6288 3 yıl önce
I find the Gherkin to be architecturally buffoonish and repulsive. I don't understand it's appeal to many. It baffles me.
@DoubleDeckerAnton 3 yıl önce
I do love these new London skyscrapers. I watched the 'walkie-talkie' and 'cheese-grater', getting built when I drove the 40 bus down Fenchurch St (circa 2012-2019).
@jpaulc441 2 yıl önce
There's a great view of London from the top of the hill in Greenwich park. I was there a couple of years ago when I saw a man and two women sitting on the grass with sketchbooks drawing the view in front of them. I stood behind so I could get a closer look at their artwork and all three of them had decided not to draw any of the skyscrapers and other modern buildings in the distance. They looked like they were in their 50's so maybe they view modern buildings with more negativity than a younger artist. It's their choice of course but something about that pissed me off more than it should have.
@patriciahammondsongs 2 yıl önce
Well speaking as a Londoner I can say that the actual nicknames are a little different, and affection has little to do with it. The names were chosen by the PR firms for the corporations that built them.
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