Jordan: The mysterious Stone Age village | DW Documentary

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DW Documentary

DW Documentary

Yıl önce

The Neolithic village of Ba'ja in Jordan is a famous archaeological site. It was one of the world's first known settlements, founded some 9,000 years ago. The site has produced magnificent finds including an ancient necklace made of 2,500 beads.
What prompted our Neolithic ancestors to settle down? Why did they change their nomadic, hunter-gatherer lives so radically? As is so often the case in archaeology, it is tombs that tell us the most, while also raising new questions.
One of the most magnificent finds at the Ba'ja archaeological site is the richly furnished tomb of a young girl. In 2018, as the excavation team was about to depart, beads emerged from beneath the slab of a nondescript tomb. The team kept working until they finally recovered around 2,500 beads. Further research showed the beads belonged to an elaborately crafted necklace that had been buried with the girl. The team affectionately christened her Jamila, "the beautiful one."
Jamila's necklace is a sensation, and has been put on display at the new Petra Museum. There, the entire history of the country is presented, beginning with Ba'ja and humankind’s decision to leave behind the hunter-gatherer lifestyle.
Along with other finds from Ba'ja, Jamila's finely wrought necklace calls into question much of what we thought we knew about the Stone Age. In recent decades, the burial site in Jordan has helped us see Neolithic people through different eyes. One thing seems clear: They were able to invest time in aesthetics, jewelry and furnishings because their food supply was secure.
#documentary #dwdocumentary #jordan #archeology
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@lucasjames7524 Yıl önce
This was such a treat to watch! Unbelievably beautiful artifacts, landscapes, and storytelling. It's surreal to think of the neolithic people from 9,000 years ago, having something like an elaborate, delicate necklace. I feel like this site in Jordan is going to revolutionize our understanding of the late stone age. Extraordinary. Thanks, DW!!!
@kathleenmann7311 Yıl önce
I think they were just as intelligent as we are today
@Nini-pc7vk Yıl önce
Lots of wonderful storys center around Jordan in the bible. It is referred in the bible as the lands of Edom, Moab and Ammon. Modern name is Jordan. Its river Jordan was where Jesus was baptized.
@eh1702 Yıl önce
@@Nini-pc7vk The Bible stories are from the late Bronze Age / Iron Age. This is seven thousand years before that.
@CZOV Yıl önce
Only of it was true. But it makes a good story for Ukraine supporters.
@alphaomega8373 Yıl önce
@rarebird_82 Yıl önce
I had no idea Jordan was so beautiful, crystal clear waters and ancient valleys, a part of the world where time has almost stood still for 9 millennia no less; and yet those who lived in that time had such intricate skills and knowledge, just remarkable. Hats off to the archaeology team for their painstaking persistance and the delicate restoration of Jamilas beautiful necklace, outstanding work! 📿❤️
@OrphanPaper Yıl önce
no people
@Jenvlogs404 Yıl önce
Not anymore! And will be supporting those that brought it down.
@marie-joelleraussou Yıl önce
Jordan is a beautifull place, so incredibly fully packed of historical places. Can’t wait to go there again
@dsvance1 Yıl önce
Jordan is a beautiful, delightful country full of good people. I have visited there several times and lived there twice. I hope to visit again and to maybe live there again.
@skunktheshrink Yıl önce
"Time has stood still" Um, you realise this is a remote archeological dig site... Jordan has urban metro cities too.
@sillylilly4794 Yıl önce
I so enjoyed this documentary and it was so interesting. So much to be learned. These people were amazing and cultured nearly 9000 years ago. I would love to explore the surrounding area as it is so mystical. I'm too old now to even think about it, but it's just wonderful. These archeologists and the others involved do wonderful work.
@carolyncarver6822 Yıl önce
Same here. To old and to sick. Where did time go?
@sillylilly4794 Yıl önce
@@carolyncarver6822 I don't remember it passing. lol
@dsvance1 Yıl önce
I don't know how old you are, but I'm 67 and hope to return to Jordan again, not a farfetched, remote dream, but a real possibility. Sure, I can't climb through the dry wadis like the young folks, but there is still plenty to see and do there. Go! Go! I'm sure that museum in Petra is air-conditioned. The people in Jordan are good. Go!! So many ancient sites to visit. So much history. How can you not go?
@sillylilly4794 Yıl önce
@@dsvance1 Maybe I could pull it off one day. I'm 66, so it would be quite an adventure. I hope you get to return.
@mitziewheeler8517 Yıl önce
I loved this. I am a history geek, always been been. I was the one that had my entire history book read by the end of first quarter. I didn't really want to be a archeologist, I wanted to be the person in the lab studying everything. I wish more people in the profession would admit that agent man was smarter, and more ahad of their time that they want to admit. From the Middle East, to the UK, to Eastern Europe, so much has been found. It is sad how much religion's have destroyed to stop people from following their own ways. How much have we lost from around the world, either from religion's, or people that just didn't care what they were destroying. I hope all in the field decide to finally change the history books. Thank you for this wonderful look into the past.
@joew.3400 Yıl önce
Did I hear him say burkhardt the same general Burkhardt mentioned from Hogans heros
@stuartrennie3427 Yıl önce
3³has has number too much of
@FirewindII Yıl önce
@mitzie wheeler! You are an archaeologist.
@dsvance1 Yıl önce
probably just a typo, I'm sure, but "agent man" should be "ancient man"
@julierobertson148 Yıl önce
I hadn't even heard of Ba'ja until I came upon this video. What an incredible site! We're rapidly learning that almost all our preconceptions about "the stone age" are hopelessly skewed. Jamila's necklace is an undeniable work of art and a testament to the imagination, artistic conceptualization and technical abilities of these people. May the researchers continue to discover more about this fascinating culture.
@enlightenedhummingbird4764 Yıl önce
Hopelessly skewed? Or intentionally muddied?
@kaptainkaos1202 Yıl önce
@@enlightenedhummingbird4764 why would they be intentionally muddied? Is this gonna be some ancient conspiracy theory?
@enlightenedhummingbird4764 Yıl önce
@@kaptainkaos1202 Hi, Kaptain Kaos! I can see from your name the reason you commented. Nice try. 😉
@kaptainkaos1202 Yıl önce
@@enlightenedhummingbird4764 you never answered my question. Nice try? What? To get an answer? Jeez, go back to your parents basement.
@enlightenedhummingbird4764 Yıl önce
@@kaptainkaos1202 😆 😆
@willstar8095 Yıl önce
These people are conducting their work with the respect the site deserves. Someone raised that child for 8 years, loved her then lost her. That's no small thing no matter what millennium it is.
@scotytoohotie9887 Yıl önce
i would not stop looking. makes no sence to stop.
@chipwalter4490 11 aylar önce
Ok you are totally projecting onto these ancient people. What evidence do you have to support this version of this storied reality of her life other than the law-of-averages when it comes to human experience? My dear, that still leaves you in the territory of conjecture. Jamilla could have been born specifically as a select offering, raised without any kind of emotions, then poisoned and dressed with these status objects as part of a ritual sacrifice. Where she was then buried under the floor. This probably (& hopefully) is not what happened. But do not let melodramatic sentimentality seduce you into making generic proclamations that cannot be substantiated. You are not respecting the dead when you do so.
@maryanneslater9675 11 aylar önce
@@scotytoohotie9887 By "lost", Will Star meant that the girl died. Lots of children died young until the invention of antibiotics (and vaccinations) less than a century ago. There apparently wasn't enough left of her skeleton to guess at her cause of death but it could have been pneumonia, appendicitis, an infected small injury or something of that nature.
@maryanneslater9675 11 aylar önce
@@chipwalter4490 Until recently, many children died of infections, illnesses and common injuries before adulthood. You don't have to project ritual onto what was most likely an ordinary family tragedy.
@chipwalter4490 11 aylar önce
@@maryanneslater9675 I’m not projecting any cause of death onto this girl. None was ever mentioned in this documentary- did you watch it? Im precisely doing the opposite of the first commenters’ melodrama message. By clearly creating a counter-fictional example of this person’s life, while saying it’s worth STICKING TO THE FACTS. (A sentiment you obviously disregard)
@sydyidanton5873 Yıl önce
Absolutely fascinating! I would love to see what developments became of the remains of the child and jewellery featured at the end. A visit to The Petra Museum would certainly be appealing. The archeologists/technicians from the institute in Berlin did a remarkable job with the restoration of the necklace. Naturally that was their interpretation of how it may have appeared, I wonder what it authentically looked like, or if there were more features or material secured to the circuitous shell structure? Observing that talented craftsman working with similar tooling from the period offers an entirely new level of appreciation, such terrific results with the limitations of the time, particularly the etching and ultimate release of the central piece from the shell. I wondered if perhaps children with their smaller fingers and degree of dexterity helped to produce the smaller cylindrical beads. With regard to those rings, claiming so confidently they are a type of currency and that others similar in appearance discovered elsewhere are counterfeits or forgeries is preposterous. The rings potentially have a broad range of applications and have no relevance to currency or trade regardless of the abundance. While the alleged forgeries though similar may again have yet another entirely unrelated function.. Scientists specialist in ancient historical research, including those engaged with cosmic research and the history of the universe, sound somewhat arrogant when they make broad presumptive claims, speaking in absolutes with great authority by claiming “that this IS what occurred”, or “this IS what this unknown item X is for”. I would have far greater respect for statements such as “we suspect that due to… it might be… but in the absence of further evidence we don’t know for sure” or “our current working assumption is…” It certainly wouldn’t diminish their expert knowledge base, in fact it would make them far more credible and still extremely captivating to listen to. I have enormous respect for their academic field not to mention the level of commitment and patience with field work.
@___beyondhorizon4664 Yıl önce
I visited Petra for 2 nights and still didn't have time to visit the museum. Petra sites are too large.
@freespiritable Yıl önce
Phoebe is that you? 🤣
@Moodboard39 Yıl önce
@@___beyondhorizon4664 seem to cool visit
@larryskwarczynski9386 Yıl önce
Indeed. A Society cohesive for centuries of Community Collaboration / Sharing ART as want as needs/values/science/shepherding/mason/knowledge/wonder ... Wells? Communal Toilets? Cleanliness. Medicine? Their stature which helped. Health (was DNA samples available) and its consequences. 'Egypt' in the very near wonder of inquisitive minds and space.
@rarebird_82 Yıl önce
Interesting, my first thought on the larger red rings was that they looked like bracelets/bangles. Possibly hewn from the same type of stone as the beads, to make a matching set if you will, but in a solid piece rather than small beads, which may have been harder to maintain around the busy wrists of a wife/mother and all their duties. Just a thought 😌
@dsvance1 Yıl önce
I have wondered for decades how beads were made in ancient times. And you have shown me. Thank you!
@shadylane7988 Yıl önce
As a beader that beads pieces like shells found on the beach and taking apart old jewelry to create new necklaces, I found the potential symbolism of such a beautiful piece to be so inspiring. I often give my work to friends & family. I craft them to honor the person with color schemes and figures that depicts their true self.
@UnitSe7en Yıl önce
@jumanlaham7371 Yıl önce
I love seeing these great efforts to uncover the ancient mysteries of our ancestors. Thank you for sharing this documentary.
@billclarke1131 22 gün önce
Excellent documentary! The discovery of the exquisite artifacts was amazing, and the deep appreciation and reverence for the human story was a highlight for me! Thank you.
@chelamcguire 11 aylar önce
The burying of your loved ones in the home so as to keep them forever close to you, reminded me of the little settlement in Orkney's Skara Brae (UK). Burial sites were in the houses there also. We certainly view the dead so differently today. I loved the work of the technicans who showed us how the necklace beads were made. Utterly brilliant workmanship, not only over 9,000 years ago, but also today in very steady hands. Thank you for this informative download. The work of the archeologist never cease to amaze me.
@keitheldershaw9428 11 aylar önce
Who is this 'WE"which you speak for? And did the technicians "show us..."anything apart from their own imaginations at work? The "uttely brilliant workmanship, [over 9,000 years]" is an utter fabrication; noone actually knows whether any of the objects found in this site, may have NOT been from trading from outside the region. The "imaginative"representations by, whomever, has no bearing, historically on any account of an occupation of ANY site. For example: How would someone 9,000 years from now excuvate, say, Auschwitz?
@chelamcguire 11 aylar önce
@@keitheldershaw9428 Merry Christmas.
@beatusqui 11 aylar önce
@@keitheldershaw9428 I guess he uses 'us' and 'we' instead of 'me me me'
@fionatudor-tompkins6526 Yıl önce
As a 12 year old child my headmistress asked me what I wanted to be my an Archaeologists was my reply, unfortunately this dream never happened but the interest and fascination has remained deeply within me. My whole being feels a wonderful connection to those who were before us our ancestors I believe we have a lot to learn from them not just about them I feel there was great wisdom these ancient civilisations possessed as they lived in a harmonious natural way on this beautiful planet ❤ loved this video 🙏🏻🙏🏻🙏🏻
@TheNemocharlie Yıl önce
For what it's worth, my son is an archaeologist who has worked in many Middle East countries, including Jordan, and he'd tell you that most of the time it's just like digging holes in the ground for little money... (He has worked in Iraq, and the risk assessment mentions four types of chemical weapons, unexploded ordinance, endemic anthrax, possible radiological threat from unannounced testing of nuclear weapons by Iran and the need to have a constant armed guard. Pre assessment risk is that unless the controls are implemented, you will "probably dies". Day two a local worker does die, from a snake bite - not on the risk assessment. )
@regant.cameron8237 Yıl önce
@@TheNemocharlie That's deeply saddening. But I suppose on a narrower personal level I feel a little less like I missed my calling from this profession.
@kimberlyjohnson1371 Yıl önce
Fiona Tudor, I just wanted to put that I appreciate the way in which you write/type etc..I Can tell that you naturally apply correct English grammar..I bet that you have much to tell...& if you're interested in being a pen pal.. I am interested as well..stay safe and be true to yourself.
@kimberlyjohnson1371 Yıl önce
Fiona Tudor again I hope that you do have a little spare time in order to drop a line... it's always nice when we can find the time to enjoy the things that we can simply enjoy without any demands, deadline or strings attached..🕊️🤲🌅
@russell4718 Yıl önce
When I was a child I also wanted to be a archaeologist/paleontologist until I found out that it required a lot of college/university study I didn't think it should require any education I already new how to use a shovel and could tell differance between a stone and a bone or rock
@margaretlumley1648 Yıl önce
Such a gorgeous documentary! Thank you! I love hearing about how clever humans of the distant past actually were
@cdfdesantis699 Yıl önce
Such incredible discoveries. That such elaborate grave goods were interred with young children indicates that Stone Age societies in the area valued their offspring just as highly as later cultures such as Egypt, China, & Celtic Northern Europe. A wonderful insight into the origins of our modern way of life.
@calicokush Yıl önce
Jordan stole land from palestine
@cdfdesantis699 Yıl önce
@@calicokush I'm not sure I follow what modern-day international boundaries have to do with a 9000-yr.-old Stone Age child's burial, friend. But thanks for your reply.
@Moodboard39 Yıl önce
@@cdfdesantis699 lol
@cdfdesantis699 Yıl önce
@@Moodboard39 Huh?
@lim8581 15 gün önce
The discovery of Jamila's exquisite necklace at the Neolithic village of Ba'ja in Jordan is a testament to our ancestors' remarkable craftsmanship and their transition from nomadic life. This find challenges our understanding of the Stone Age, highlighting the importance of food security in allowing them to invest in aesthetics. Nice work DW!
@Missangie827 Yıl önce
I have a bad feeling about moving those beads - imagine the grief and love the necklace represents when she was buried-as a mother my heart hurts knowing a beautiful tribute was moved away from where it was placed even if it was restored
@qwerty-tf1jg 9 aylar önce
Straight up
@lollypop2413 6 aylar önce
I agree
@Dovid2000 Yıl önce
Absolutely fascinating documentary! Thanks for sharing this knowledge with us.
@doctordoctor1957 Yıl önce
LOVED IT. Y'all seriously make great documentaries. Thank you for your effort.
@DWDocumentary Yıl önce
Thank you for watching and taking the time to comment!
@utb4got Yıl önce
Excellent work! Maybe it's not a settlement but a city of the dead? Kudos everyone involved and THANK YOU! Great narration.❤🍀
@rarebird_82 Yıl önce
Excellent point and a very interesting idea. As the archaeologists said, these square rooms were "too small for people to live in". So maybe it is indeed a network of graves, chambers, tombs built side by side to maximise space, conserve materials and minimise labour? Akin to a block of flats or a row of houses, rather than free standing, vulnerable, detached structures that would not be as well supported by the adjoining/shared walls of a complex style formation, and would use up more space, time and effort. After all what is a modern cemetary if not a mass burial ground? This would explain the sites remote and "hidden" location within the valley and prove that, rather than doing the opposite of modern societies, i.e burying their dead beneath their own dwellings, which I find unlikely; these ancient peoples infact did EXACTLY as we modern people do, and buried their dead in these primitive "graveyards" out of sight of their living quarters, and safely tucked away from grave robbers. Certainly food for thought! Stay curious 🙂
@oooooo3839 Yıl önce
Before the last war in Afghanistan I often bought beads and necklaces from a shop whose owner traveled there frequently. The craftsmanship of even tiny beads is beautiful. I would love to know more about the working methods. Once during a visit to Alaska I was intrigued by some beautiful round fossilized ivory beads, but when I asked how they were made the shop owner got very angry. It was his secret.
@christo6068 10 aylar önce
@ymelfilm 10 aylar önce
There are more options: they were made in China from hard plastic; he found them; he made them himself, mold could ve been used
@ymelfilm 10 aylar önce
@@hensonlaura stay calm. I was joking
@orkneyrd Aylar önce
I can't add anything to the slew of superlatives in all the comments about the compelling content of this extraordinary film. So let me instead highlight my immense praise for the technical aspect of what makes it work so well. The things we are not intended to notice. 1. The editing is superb. 2. Cinematography, again superb. The sound mix, the narration, the writing , the authenticity of the 'stars" of this exquisite documentary. The tasteful, judicious use of overview shots, (rare today) and I could go on, but y'all get the point. This complex mix of professional skill sets isn't happenstance, or serendipity or by accident. It's a genuine team approach put together and it came together alright. Bravo! to all concerned.
@humboldtfog7851 Yıl önce
Fascinating documentary. Thank you for bringing this ancient culture to life for us!
@monkfishkilla 11 aylar önce
Truly excellent documentary. Thanks DW : ) Is it also available in German somewhere? My Jordanian colleague would be very interested to see it.
@sari-6734 Yıl önce
Fantastic documentary, an inspiring discovery, and a professional team. Good luck guys, we are looking forward to the new skeleton reveals in the next episode.
@saxman2922 5 aylar önce
Beautifully edited video. It was such a treat to almost get to know this little girl. Well done!!
@DWDocumentary 5 aylar önce
Thanks for watching and taking the time to comment!
@vasantnehete3459 Yıl önce
In my view this can be a burial site , and one structure for one family members to be buried . If we live in the same place it will be always difficult to carry burial process under our own feet . That is why this tribe might have selected such a remote place to think that dead ones will be resting in peace . This team has taken tremendous effort for restoration , hats off for their dedication towards work and making us to peep into past.
@trueAK Yıl önce
Sounds quite logical to be a burial place.
@roberthonan3492 9 aylar önce
I'd like to see more on this dig. I grew up on the shores of the Salish Sea, in what's now Seattle. Even in the depths of Winter, all the Salish people needed to do to get a full meal was the hit the beach at low tide, and gather shellfish that were abundant. in better weather, the hunted deer, elk, whales, and laid in stored of dried salmon. They were amazing artisans, and had a sophisticated technology based in weaving cedar bark, which fortunately lasted long enough for scientists to study. Before European contact, they were essentially neolithic, as they had no intrinsic metallurgy. The Salish tribes had an extensive trade system, and were part of the larger Chinook Jargon trading system, which traded with other indigenous cultures in North America. Such that we see European trade items in the PNW before actual European contact. Salish tribes put far more effort into art than just getting food. These people lived in a harsher environment, and still had time for advanced art, obviously these people did not live alone. They traded with others. People need to remember that these people may know vastly less about the world than we do, but they are just as smart. Here's the thing the presenters didn't do well. This necklace is an amazing piece of work in any time before the modern world. In most similar ancient digs, such an artifact would only be found on a high status individual. Yet they state they have found no signs of social stratification. I'm curious where other similar beads were found in place and time.
@birgitmitchell5648 Yıl önce
Having lived among the Arabs and Jordanians for a few years, it makes perfect sense that they lived more closely together. Modern westernized European& American humans are so much less family oriented and so much more self oriented, thats why these European archeologists find it difficult to imagine. You notice that the Arabic archeologists don't make those statements about the smallness of the living quarters. Furthermore, why do the local workers not have their names listed in the credits? They're the ones doing lots of the work, but getting none of the credit!!
@Pantora10 10 aylar önce
It looks like these peaceful people chose to live in a place that gave them some security from the surroundings. Great video, I really admire the job of these archaeologists!
@nanorider426 Yıl önce
Thank you for the documentary. As an amateur historian I thoroughly enjoyed this, especially the archaeotechnicians work. Thank you again.
@DWDocumentary Yıl önce
Thank you for watching and taking the time to comment!
@nanorider426 Yıl önce
@@DWDocumentary You're welcome. ^^
@ravik-qq7ee 6 aylar önce
Just fantastic. Kudos for all who participated in the discovery!
@charlesevens5377 Yıl önce
Great documentary. Rare these days. I do think that it is incorrect to assume the climate was similar, then to now. After all, the Saraha Desert was a lush, water rich area of rivers, grasslands, and forests at that time.
@scottzema3103 Yıl önce
The settlement is like a large apartment building, except that all relied upon each other for physical support. Once specialization took hold in industry and agriculture, people tended to separate themselves from neighbors and family and develop more sophisticated communities. These Neolithic settlements seem halfway between family or close kinships cohabitated space and larger, segregated urban or semi-urban settlements of people without close connections to each other.
@deecapetown Yıl önce
Enthralling ...and excellently presented. Thank you so much for this documentary!
@rachealtackett940 Yıl önce
Beautifully done! Thoroughly enjoyed this documentary. Thank you.
@phdtobe Yıl önce
So true! I teared up when the restored necklaces was being placed on its stand in the museum. 🥲
@Aucklandinsummer Yıl önce
Most cultures establish a very clear demarcation between the living and the dead. This burial practice is extremely unusual and may provide some important clues on who lived in that village and what status they had in the wider area.
@asmaben1114 11 aylar önce
The red sandstone rings remind me of the famous ''Atlantis ring'' that Howard Carter found, and later belonged to the de Belizal family. It was made of sandstone. Turkois was also much used among the Egptians. The ncklace is quite similar in style. It could have been used to have a healing effect.
@westho7314 11 aylar önce
Would be interesting to know how many small rooms without doorways or floor level access existed in the entire complex as compared to rooms built with bottom floor inter room doorways & accesses, rooms that are large enough & obviously used for daily habitation. Being built with roof Hatches as primary entrances in the condensed complex , few windows having minimal light exposure inside.The remote isolated and confined location would be safe & secure for processing storing & grain longer term. Avoiding being raided or sacked because of its inconvenient location Possibly a storage & distribution hub for the local area in those times.
@big1dog23 Yıl önce
Great content, DW. The home/floor burial practices seem to have been fairly widespread in the Neolithic. Fascinating..
@Rustymouse 11 aylar önce
Am pleased that they have reconstructed the grave to preserve it. But you know I still feel the need to have it kept where it was, the love the parents took to bury their child in the house. . To have it removed from that ground is very sad . That ground holds the memories . Its like any historic burial that has been brought back above ground. (ie egyptian mummies etc) . It's fantastic to find history and to display it for the modern world to see and to learn but it has disturbed the original place of love and grief. It was forever, never to be dug up. When deep sea ships or planes that are found on the ocean floor, they say don't disturb the bodies , it is their burial ground and for respect.
@wiszak9370 11 aylar önce
The Levant (the area between Mesopotamia and Egypt) is definitely a historically rich area. The oldest city in the world, Jericho is not far from Baja. Most main cities in the Levant are thousands of years old and still settled by their people till today. Many things are still to be discovered.
@wiretamer5710 11 aylar önce
Without sounding too contrarian, Jericho's status as the oldest city in the world, is a bit fanciful. Cities can't exist without trade.
@docv73 11 aylar önce
@@wiretamer5710 but... there has to be a first one, or there wouldn't be any... a first city could certainly trade with nomads and smaller villages, until the value of what those people were trading made them finally settle and become other cities. Though, Jericho being the oldest city is probably BS. It's only the oldest one still inhabited. Göbekli Tepe is an older site, and there's a Roman wall even older still. You don't build walls that last 13,000+ years if you're nomadic, so there was a city there at some point. Plus in order to find evidence of a city, the building techniques, materials, and locations have to be able to withstand a dozen millennia of effects from the environment and people. Look at the US. In only a couple hundred years entire towns are gone without a trace, because they were built with wood. There have been whole towns destroyed by fire, earthquake, and flood, and were never rebuilt, and there's no visible evidence they exist, and the materials they were built with won't last 10,000 years. I have no doubt there were millenia of city building before the materials and techniques we dig up were used.
@LaithAlkhalili 2 aylar önce
My family is from Irbid, tons of stories of ancient artifacts found while just walking in the farmland..
@gwpbantul1462 6 aylar önce
Thanks to DW for the excellent documentary video. It's almost unbelievable that this happened thousands of years ago in such an area. Once again an awesome video. From Indonesia
@DWDocumentary 6 aylar önce
Thank you for watching and taking the time to comment!
@sharonkaczorowski8690 3 aylar önce
An extraordinary discovery and wonderful video. That necklace is so lovely in its design; it could be worn today. It’s also labor intensive to produce though with practice it could be made more quickly. I really enjoyed watching how the copy was made. To me the burial practices suggest the dead were very important to the living. We will never know why they were important, only that they were buried with care and beneath where the living carried out their daily lives. I don’t like nor do I use the word “primitive,” as it almost always means “less than.”.
@DWDocumentary 3 aylar önce
Thank you for watching and taking the time to comment!
@carlosorff Yıl önce
What I find even more interesting than the necklace itself is that they have build their houses square shaped and not round, like it was practice even in Europe or Africa at that time. And there are not a lot of square shaped items found in nature. These people did this not 900 years ago (we can still find that old buildings in Europe) but 9000 years ago. If we look at the pyramids, those were built around 4500 years ago Djposer pyramid, and these guys were building square shaped stuff almost additional 4500 years before. These people knew something we do not… I thought there will be more information about the girl who wore the necklace, some DNA testing etc. But I guess the bones were to dry and too contaminated or destroyed. Great documentary anyhow.
@metorilt Yıl önce
I don't think its that facinating that they built square buildings. They had limited space and the more efficient use of that space was building square buildings. Round buildings would have been a waste of space. Remember the buildings were made so close that there were not streets or walkways. They moved about the roofs. It would have been more interesting if the had built honeycombed shape buildings. Ancient people weren't stupid they at least if not more intelligent than we are and were logical people just as we are.
@Dreamprism Yıl önce
Great work by the archaeologists! I wish we could see what truly happened in video (or VR!) form, but sadly we can only study and make educated guesses.
@metorilt Yıl önce
These guys are doing excellent work. Hope that necklace lasts at least another 10,000 years
@hensonlaura 10 aylar önce
Not likely.
@kathryns5122 Yıl önce
I studied with Napoleon Chagnon, the controversial anthropologist, at Penn State. He would be gratified to see his life's work referenced here - that a village will naturally split from internal dissent when it reaches about 150 inhabitants, unless there are outside threats to unite them into a more stratified social structure. He was a bombastic ass, but dogged in his pursuit to prove his thesis. I think he'd be gratified to hear his work referenced here.
@ravenoctober9936 10 aylar önce
Wow how cool, thanks for your comment, it’s always cool to hear personal ties to these things. As far as bombastic that’s pretty typical for penn state workers and professors, least the ones I’ve spoken with I’m sure it’s not everyone. And state college in general. Thanks again for your comment!
@wesdale1753 Yıl önce
Stunning. Hats off to all those working on that project. Thank you
@MZrecap Yıl önce
The necklace is amazing. I think the history of Jordan is more extensive than we know in the books of history. Restoration experts are detailed. I like ur story telling skills
@niccimae 10 aylar önce
The site reminds me of Turkey's Catalhoyuk, same settlement age, living on roofs, and burying loved ones in the house. It would be interesting to compare findings from both sites to see if there are any other similarities
@dianeknight4839 11 aylar önce
Fascinating. Would like to see future excavation on this site.
@semperfidelis2970 3 aylar önce
What a wonderful way for me to spend some time watching this. The world is fascinating and has always been that way and people are mainly the source of that fascination
@7divad37 Yıl önce
I hope that after 9000 years they are able to recover enough of the childs' skull to be able to do a facial reconstruction. This show was fascinating, I enjoyed it way more than I expected, and I wish all those involved, continued success.
@oldschool8432 Yıl önce
Beautiful documentary. Beautiful country, people an food. Thank you for such a wonderful documentary
@desiinpardess Yıl önce
I am impressed. It’s a very big achievement to found nine thousand year’s ago Baja is very interesting. Also the way you made this documentary each and everything explained the effort of archiologist are very hard working. It requires too much paitience to gather all the pices and clean and then arrange it.
@kaptainkaos1202 Yıl önce
I feel so blessed because my family looks at death I think quite a bit different than probably most. Let me say first I’m American and my family has lived in the hills of North Carolina for 300 years so our death rituals might have evolved here. We’re of European descent. For as long as I’ve known and told by my grandparents, who were born in 1899 and 1902, we’ve always taken personal care of our deceased. Just 2 years ago when my mother passed away myself, my sister and her daughter prepared my mother for services. I did a manicure and pedicure and painted her nails, my sister did her makeup and my niece did her hair. We then dressed her. We did the same for my grandmother and my aunts. My brothers and sisters will do the same for me since I’m the oldest and will probably go first. All of our graveyards in NC are within walking distance of their houses and when I visit we frequently walk the graveyards and literally talk to our passed over family members. Telling them what they’ve missed and how they are missed. It’s funny cause when I walk into my family home I say hi to dad and mom cause her cremated remains are on the mantle. Though not physically present spiritually they are still around. My spouse says it’s odd cause their family doesn’t practice like we do. To me if feels reassuring to be able to walk amongst my ancestors and feel them still close yet so far. Addendum. I told my father about this post and he told me of the same thing from the 1860’s. My family fought on the Confederate side of the American Civil War. On his mothers side his great uncles, 3 of them, fought in the same unit. The oldest was killed at the Wilderness battle. The other 2 gathered their brothers body after the battle and left their unit to take him home. This is about 300 miles and they took his body home in the heat of summer. He was killed in Wilderness and buried at the cemetery in Randolph county, NC. An unpleasant job but my family is intact instead of being buried on a battlefield far from home. Last tidbit is that side of our family is intertwined with the MD Surratts. The Surratts of the Lincoln assassination.
@dsvance1 Yıl önce
It's good that you could do that, so your beloved deceased can be treated with the respect and decorum they deserve instead of in a hurry by someone just "doing a job" to earn a living. When my mother-in-law passed, I helped her sister wash and dress the body for burial. She was treated with full love and respect every moment of the process. Then the menfolk placed her gently and respectfully in the coffin and later these same men (relatives and family friends) saw to her respectful treatment during the burial. I still feel sad about her passing, but I'm comforted to know that every moment between her death and her burial, she was treated with full respect and love.
@veronicaroach3667 10 aylar önce
Well I tend to talk to my mother & father too, long since passed away, but somehow even tho they are not around me, they are still with me anyway. After all I am one half my father & one half my mother, so I am them. I'm an old bird myself now, but I think mentally keeping people close is the way to not lose them in your heart. I tell my grandkids who are scattered in various places - I am actually with you all the time, like long threads are attached to all of us, so never feel alone - each one of us is really a walking family, and for everybody I hope they can feel that way too.
@tammikibler 2 aylar önce
This is amazing! I'm a beader and appreciate seeing the techniques we're still using today. I played with color blocking this weekend. To see color blocking in the final piece (about 38 mins.) stirred a sense of kinship down through the millennia. Apparently people had time--time we cannot imagine. A community would be invested in keeping a 10 year old girl safe until she became a mother, and mothers are producing twice as many offspring. They need daughters close by. They might assign a task that kept a girl busy and close to home. Perhaps she was crafting her wedding jewelry. Maybe some number of her sandstone beads could be traded for more exotic shell beads. What do you think?
@MH-pz8wf Yıl önce
Wish we can learn more about these stoneage people and their cultures.
@pakde8002 Yıl önce
I hope the site is well guarded. With the capacity to easily do data mining of images from the video it would be very easy to discover the location. Now that it's been revealed to contain graves of children with these necklaces I'm sure the grave robbers are making plans to get in there.
@MrRusty-fm4gb Yıl önce
I’m already booking my flights on Expedia!
@norellebarnett7636 Yıl önce
Very interesting and love seeing how they made the beads, thank you
@suzannedawson6330 6 aylar önce
These rooms seem very similar to Mesa Verde in the SW United States. Cliff dwellings. They were difficult to get to, and provided safety from possible intruders. Water was also scarce there. Why they disappeared, we’re still not certain.
@spadebraithwaite1762 Yıl önce
I found some fossilized hominin footprints on a flat rock on a beach in Mozambique, recently cleared by a big storm. I was very excited and took the best photographs I could of a fossilized foot print. I contacted a few paeleoanthropologists but nobody was even slightly interested. Dozens of Doctoral theses have been written, speculating on fossilized footprints found in Tanzania. The ones I found were much greater in number and better preserved, and nobody cared.
@spocksdaughter9641 Yıl önce
Hold it in your heart you, shared your fortune with us!
@SCW1060 Yıl önce
In real sorry they wouldn't even come to investigate but I'd would if I was there. I'm betting that they are in either mud stone or shale
@enlightenedhummingbird4764 Yıl önce
"They" parade out certain "findings" when it suits their purpose. Mozambique must not be a place "they" want discussed at great length. I would never share a finding with any of the establishment lest it be intentionally destroyed. (That's what the smithsonian did to the giant human skeletons found in the western us, and the artifacts that were found in the Grand Canyon...) Destroyed and lost to (true) history.
@bludaizee24 Yıl önce
That's so sad! I'm so sorry no one was interested. Are you able to go back and do more documenting of the area on your own? I hope you don't give up the search to find an archeologist who will appreciate your find properly!💕
@StormQueller Yıl önce
I am intrigued by the red sandstone rings. This settlement is far from water and arable land, so it would take a lot of effort to support a community up there. Someone had a reason to have people up there making these rings. This could have been a factory set up by some stone age big wig to make these rings and other things. They were probably not what we would think of a money, but they may have been a symbol of wealth or fealty. The fact that counterfeit rings were found means they were important enough to someone to make fakes. Pretty amazing story guys. Thank you so much. -=db=-
@matejajostkodrun3003 Yıl önce
Now go and watch a documentary on how the earth was geologycaly diffrent. Lower sea level, there was lush land here etc
@gladeloy3341 Yıl önce
DW, as always, gives us another great documentary about where we come from !
@gladeloy3341 Yıl önce
the site, it seems, is structured to represent the outward end of the birthing canal .
@toni4729 Yıl önce
Well, I can't help myself. This is a lot to say to those people who believe the world is only six thousand years old. Thank you for showing this at last.
@lifesgood9528 Yıl önce
Wow, what an amazing discovery which tells such a beautiful story ❤
@dr.brandileebunge Yıl önce
This was a beautiful fascinating documentary. What an amazing discovery.
@sundydheaven Yıl önce
I've always found it curious that there have been massive technological discoveries over 100's of thousands of years and yet they never raise a question about why the people living amongst these advanced societies are living in basic mud and stone homes. Here we have cutting edge technology beyond anything we've created in our own modern world and the people are still cooking bread over a fire pit......
@maryanneslater9675 11 aylar önce
I know a couple who (before they retired to the city) had a and brick clay oven in their yard. It took two or three hours to get it hot with kindling and wood, but once it was hot it held heat so well they could bake a half a dozen pizzas, followed by a couple loaves of bread, and then put in a pot of meat and vegetables to cook slowly at the lower temperature. A house made of mud brick/adobe is very practical in areas that don't get too much rain or freezing temperatures. Thick earthen walls are good insulation. And cheap to make.
@veronicaroach3667 10 aylar önce
In most places where you see people still living an ancient mode of life - you will likely still find some modern inventions - some will have cell phones, some will have toilets built in outside sheds, some will have calor gas cookers - they manage with what they have unless they can earn enough to buy something that raises their standard of living. It takes a whole different life style - ie a decent job - before they can build a better house, or buy some land & raise their own sheep & many will leave such places to try to find work in the nearest city & then often never return ! Mostly it's the younger males that will leave for more opportunities & often their old villages are left to the old folks. But - in my travels where some have lived this very basic life, I find the people generally have such a sense of hard work & decency towards others, even as they might be looking to see what you brought as a gift to help them ! Poverty does not equal criminality & we should always be respectful to those with less than ourselves & they will often overwhelm you with their hospitality !
@nunnaurbiznez8815 6 aylar önce
Such a beautiful find. Real treasure!
@BenSHammonds 10 aylar önce
I truly enjoyed this program, fascinating location there and full of much interest, as well as the ladies working the site, my respect to them :)
@chris.asi_romeo Yıl önce
Love watching documentaries like this
@sherryrector2275 Yıl önce
Excellent program. It held my attention completely and I am yearning for more. Thank you. History is amazing.
@petergorm Yıl önce
Truly a fascinating documentary.
@Lao-Niu 6 aylar önce
This good DW video is educational. We watched and learned a few archaeological pieces.
@StelleenBlack Yıl önce
Wasn't there a few cataclysmic events? One before the civilization began and one around the time it ended? At the end of the Younger Dryas where that part of the world became wet again after being arid for a long time, like it is today. Then a proposed impact, the Burckle event that occurred around 6k years ago. In my opinion many of these sites correlate to these events. Very interesting documentary.
@bernardkrantz4894 11 aylar önce
A fantastic presentation. Thoroughly enjoyed all of it. Looking froward for more documentaries.
@farmasinema Yıl önce
I'm curious how the archeologist daily life in the excavation sites like this. Did they get back and forth to that nearest village each morning? It's really unpractical, tiring and took a long time. But then, there's no footage of them live in the tent either.
@spocksdaughter9641 Yıl önce
How very thoughtful. I could not begin to relate to their patience.
@sawahtb 10 aylar önce
It reminds me of the Navaho National monument in Arizona. They were eventually deserted too, but look similar to this village.
@paulmitford5189 Yıl önce
We visited Wadi Rum with its fantastic red mountains and desert dunes in November 2022 with a 4WD, after seeing Petra and its magnificent cliff temples. Jordan was awesome and better than Turkey and Egypt our previous destinations.
@SparkLove4all Yıl önce
‘Thank you’ is simply an inadequate for describing the deep gratitude I wish to express to, first of all, the people of the land, for giving their permission to ‘strangers’ to dig up their beloved land, hoping to discover the ways of our ancestors, which have otherwise been lost to time. There are many, many people, whose contributions are equally important because they are all absolutely necessary, in order to complete every step along the journey of discovery, where we gain knowledge and a greater understanding of the world we live in. So thanks to all the people that are sometimes not acknowledged for their equally important contributions, the cooks, the cleaners, the labourers, the guides, the officials and so many more. Everything you do is indeed significant and important because you are the ‘backbone’ of the entire endeavour, that would be impossible without you. Stay strong and everyone, keep up the great work!
@omenquentama6453 10 aylar önce
I feel strongly that these ancient stone structures suggest some kind of "city centers". I imagine most of the buildings would be on top of or next to these strong stone buildings, but only the strong stone buildings survived the time.
@warya3246 Yıl önce
Very well designed documentary, dw u rock like always
@mohammedsaysrashid3587 Yıl önce
DW always introducing enjoyable, Eyes opening , enlightening subjects including this history enlightenment Subject allot thanks (its Showing Ancient Civilizations Since Stone ages Started in Several Locations on the Planet an example (Wadi Araba Valle )
@DWDocumentary Yıl önce
Thank you so much for watching! We're happy to hear that you like our content :)
@austrb 8 aylar önce
Nice interesting video! And no, this is not a graveyard as many comments are suggesting. Archaeologists know much more about stone age than you can imagine, the issue is that nobody cares to write a good popular book about this. It was a common practice to bury dead inside of living quarters (although not everybody was buried like this, most people were still buried outside of houses because obviously there was not enough space to put everybody under floor of a small room).
@Gertyutz 6 aylar önce
Are you sure there are no books on Neolithic cultures in the Fertile Crescent? Have you checked the internet or the Library of Congress?
@theinkbrain Yıl önce
Those helpers are so polite and kind. Please reward them properly not just for their work but for their goodness.
@deborahvretis3195 Yıl önce
Fascinating and very well done! Wonderful!
@cheek238 Yıl önce
Such a good documentary. Thanks DW.
@SpecialSP 9 aylar önce
Well done! Should a beautiful tribute to a people so long ago. Thank you.
@InsideKarensHead Yıl önce
I like how they say things as though everything they're saying are actual facts. We can not truly know. We can guess and hypothesize and make assumptions. I know some stuff about other archaeological sites that they've got entirely wrong because I have read a record kept by those people who told us exactly how they lived and what life was like. So unless the folks find records kept by those people they can not know with precision.
@kimblecheat5247 Yıl önce
Excellent doc. I reckon they made the jewellery as a community - trade made them and held them together for so long, brought them extra food. And people still walk a long way for water, despite that it's the 21stC. So that's no stretch.
@larryskwarczynski9386 Yıl önce
Indeed. A Society cohesive for centuries of Community Collaboration / Sharing ART as want as needs/values/science/shepherding/mason/knowledge/wonder ... Wells? Communal Toilets? Cleanliness. Medicine? Their stature which helped. Health (was DNA samples available) and its consequences. 'Egypt' in the very near wonder of inquisitive minds and space.
@ledlight6630 Yıl önce
This is absolutely an amazing great video ,thanks very much DW team ❤🙋‍♀️🙏
@DWDocumentary Yıl önce
Thank you for watching! Be sure to check out our channel for more content. :)
@talesfromtheleashexpatdogl1426 Yıl önce
The local artisans should make reproductions of that necklace to sale to tourists. Beautiful ❤️
@Badgersj Yıl önce
Stunning, thank you everyone involved.
@dsvance1 Yıl önce
Fascinating! They were there for perhaps 2,000 or 3,000 years before dispersing. Think of today, then back it up 2000 or 3000 years. That's how long they were there. Then even the time of their dispersal is lost in the dark reaches of time. This is compelling!
@adventurecreations3214 Yıl önce
Wow! The longer I watched the more I felt as if I belonged this community.
@davidpescod7573 Yıl önce
Looking forward to the next video on this fascinating stone age settlement
@larrygrimaldi1400 9 aylar önce
Well worth watching, new insights of the prehistoric world
@salamyj Yıl önce
Great documentary, Thank you for the great efforts
@dianabenobo 28 gün önce
People used to start architectural monuments on top of individuals representative of hopes and dreams of the future. The grave was a point of beginning, always a new beginning for the hope and the dream.
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