Today, we are in Fatsa, the district of Ordu province, which is contrary to our Central Black Sea series.
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Fatsa is a typical Black Sea district, which is surrounded by Çarşamba in the east, Ünye in the west, Korgan, Çamaş, Çatalpınar and Kumru districts in the south, and the Black Sea in the north.
Fatsa has an area of 357 km2 and a population of 124,500 in 2021.
In 400 BC, non-Greek native tribes such as Kolkhs, Drillers, Halips, Mosinics and Tibarens lived in and around Fatsa.
Since 675 BC, the Cimmerians, who were a Turkish tribe, respectively, followed by the Persians in 547 BC, the Macedonian emperor Alexander the Great in 334 BC, and their commanders ruled Fatsa and its surroundings between 312 and 208 BC.
The most striking of the first ages in Fatsa is the reign of the Pontus Kingdom. The period of domination of the Kingdom of Pontus led to the strengthening of the region called Side.
Fatsa's taking an important place in the historical scene started in the 1st century AD. After the death of Mithridat II. Farnak became the head of the Pontus Kingdom, which was a Roman kingdom between 65-42 BC. Farnak II, while continuing his reign in today's Fatsa, tried to both gain independence and expand his administration by taking advantage of the internal turmoil of Rome, but was not successful. II. Farnak had a castle built in the name of his daughter Fanizan. The town was named Fanizan because of this castle. The town, which was known as Fanise, Phadsane, Pytane and Faça in the following centuries, was finally named Fatsa.
As a result of the invasions of Pecheneg and Cuman Turks who entered Anatolia since 391 AD, they entered Fatsa.
In the 13th and 14th centuries, the effects of Genoese colonies were visible in the coastal area. The bastion on the coast was used as a warehouse by the Genoese. During this period, Fatsa became one of the important trade centers of the Black Sea. Black Sea domination of the Genoese, II. Since it ended in the reign of Mehmet, they left Fatsa during this period.
In the last quarter of the 19th century, the Caucasian immigrants migrated to the Black Sea Region, mainly to the Trabzon Province, under the pressure of Russia. In the researches, it was determined that the Circassian immigrants were registered in the Canik sanjak in 1864. Some of the resettled Circassian groups settled in Fatsa,
Some of the Abaza immigrants were settled in the Abaza villages of Çokdeğirmen and Nefs-i Meydan in Fatsa. The rapidly increasing mass of immigrants after 1878 settled in Fatsa in 1880 and 1887.
180 thousand acres of land in Fatsa is a field.
The main grown products are; corn, hazelnut, rye, rice, beans, potatoes, kiwi, broad beans.
With the emergence of hazelnut farming, Egypt started to lose its value from the first years of the Republic.
Hazelnut is the most important agricultural product of the region. On the 21,663 hectare land, 80% of the people make their living from hazelnut farming. Fatsa is the region where hazelnut is produced the most in the world. Besides having an important place in the agricultural sector, hazelnut production also creates employment and constitutes a significant share in the urban economy, since it also provides the development of hazelnut-related industries.
Potatoes are cultivated on 20 hectares of land, and kiwi cultivation has been increasing rapidly in recent years.
Rice production is also common in Fatsa, where the coastal part is swampy. According to the 1901 Trabzon Province Yearbook, the places where rice is grown the most are Terme and Fatsa. But Rice production was suspended indefinitely as the swamps began to be dried in Fatsa.
Beekeeping in the district also constitutes an important potential for the economy of the region and the country. 483 tons of honey is produced from 19331 beehives throughout the district.
Fishing is the second important livelihood of the district. Trout is produced in 4 production facilities and the fish produced is consumed at a very high level in the district.
There are 11 primary schools, 1 private primary school and 10 secondary schools in Fatsa. Fatsa Faculty of Marine Sciences and Fatsa Vocational School of Ordu University, which was established in 2006, are located in this district.
In Fatsa, there is an event called the seventh of May, which traditionally falls on the 20th of May every year. In this event, which still continues today, people of all ages living in the villages come to Fatsa that day, go to the seaside and make a wish by entering the water up to their knees. In order for the wish to be granted, they must wait until at least 7 waves come to them in the sea wave. This tradition, which is called passing through 7 waves, continues today.
Fatsa Island is 2.4 km away from the Fatsa coast and is approximately one acre in size. It is said that there was a highway from Fatsa to the island in ancient times and that there was an underground city under the island.